Home » What is the Ebola virus and how is it spread?

What is the Ebola virus and how is it spread?

With the news that the first case of Ebola has been diagnosed in American soil, our neighbor south, many are concerned about the spread of the Ebola virus in Canada.

Thousands of people in the West African countries of Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Nigeria have already been infected and so far about 3,000 have died. No doubt it will be long lasting affects the whole continent. (More information about the virus and its effects on the CBC account of orphaned children affected by Ebola.)

Ebola virus

For more information about the disease we look at the World Health Organization, who are working to control the disease and its spread.

The facts about the Ebola virus:

  • The Ebola virus first appeared in 1976.
  • Ebola is transmitted from human to human transmission by direct contact such as skin or mucous membranes with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (such as bedding, clothing) contaminated with body fluids, according to WHO.
  • fatalities Ebola virus is currently 50 percent.
  • There is no vaccine against Ebola license at the time but are not candidates undergoing testing (some of which come from Canadian laboratories).
  • The incubation period is 2 to 21 days during which people who are potentially infected should be isolated.
  • Early symptoms include muscle pain, fever, fatigue, headache and sore throat. Then, patients begin to suffer from vomiting, diarrhea, symptoms of impaired liver and kidney function and potentially a rash and internal and external bleeding.
  • The diagnosis is carried out in a laboratory through a variety of tests because the symptoms can be a variety of other common diseases in West Africa as malaria, etc.

According to the Director of Public Health Canada, there is no reason to worry here right now.

“The Public Health Agency of Canada is aware of the individual with Ebola in the United States. The information we have so far is that the individual did not travel across Canada and was not symptomatic, and so so it is not contagious, during his trip to the United States “

and this:

.” Canada is well prepared with a number of systems to identify and prevent the spread of serious infectious diseases such as Ebola, and work closely with our international partners to gather and evaluate information and administration of the Act quarantine at all points of entry into Canada. “

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