acne comes from an ancient Greek word meaning “rash.” It is a disease that affects the sebaceous glands of the skin.
acne is a skin condition that consists of pimples, deeper lumps (cysts or nodules), and plugged pores (blackheads and whiteheads), which occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and even arms.
- Acne usually begins at puberty, but the condition is not limited to any age group. Adults in their 20s, 30s, and 40s- even in his 50s- can develop acne.
- Acne is caused by three main factors:
- Overproduction of oil by the sebaceous glands in the skin enlarged.
- obstruction of hair follicles that release oil.
- growth of bacteria called P. acnes within the hair follicles.
- Scientific research has led to many new treatments for acne and changes to existing treatment options.
How acne develops?
Sometimes, sebum, skin cells and hair are grouped in a plug. Bacteria in the plug cause inflammation. Then when the plug starts to break down, a pimple is formed.
types of acne
There are many types of grains. The most common types are:
- Whiteheads- These are grains that remain under the surface of the skin.
- Blackheads- These grains rise to the surface of the skin and are black. The black color is not dirt.
- Papules- These are small pink bumps that can be painful.
- Pustules- These grains are red at the bottom and have pus on top.
- Nodules- These are large, painful, solid pimples that are deep in the skin.
- Cysts- These deep, painful, pus-filled pimples can cause scarring.
Who gets acne?
Acne is the most common skin disease. People of all races and ages get acne. But it is most common in adolescents and young adults. It is estimated that 80 percent of all people between the ages of 11 and 30 have acne outbreaks at some point. Some people in their forties and fifties still suffer from acne.
What causes acne?
The cause of acne is unknown. Doctors believe that certain factors can cause:
- The hormone increases during adolescence (this can cause the glands to plug up more often)
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy
- Starting or stopping birth control pills
- heredity (if your parents had acne, you may get it, too)
- Some types of medicine
- greasy makeup.
How should stick with acne care for your skin?
Here are some ways to take care of your skin if you have acne:
- Clean skin gently. Use a gentle cleanser in the morning, afternoon, and after heavy workouts. the skin does not stop acne rubbed. You can even make the problem worse.
- Try not to touch your skin. People who squeeze, pinch, or pick their pimples can get scars or dark spots on the skin.
- Shave carefully. If you shave, you can try the electric razors and safety both to see which works best. With safety razors, use a sharp blade. It also helps soften the beard with soap and water before putting shaving cream. Shaving lightly and only when necessary.
- Do not expose yourself to the sun. Many acne medications can make more prone to sunburn people. Being in the sun too long can also cause wrinkling of the skin and increase the risk of skin cancer.
- Choose makeup carefully. All makeup should be free of oil. Look for the word “non-comedogenic” on the label. This means that makeup will not clog pores. However, some people still suffer from acne even if they use these products.
- Wash your hair regularly. If your hair is oily, you may want to shampoo every day.
What things can make acne worse?
Some things can make acne worse:
- Changing hormone levels in adolescent girls and adult women 2 to 7 days before your period begins
- pressure from bike helmets, backpacks, or tight collars
- pollution and high humidity
- crushing or removing grains
- hard scrubbing of the skin.