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What Causes Nerve Damage In Diabetes? Is It Reversible?

DIABETES CARE

The exact cause of nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy) is unclear. Many factors are known to contribute to this condition, the most important are the levels of blood sugar.

Causes include:

Reduced blood flow : causes of diabetes reduces the relaxation of blood vessels leading to nerve flow problems

The damage to nerve proteins : Depletion of myelin proteins that are important for nerve conduction. Glycosylation of the structural proteins of the nerves leading to the decrease of nerve conduction

Oxidative stress : Increased production of oxygen free radicals produced by oxidative stress and damage

-accumulation of sorbitol and Fructose nerve.

Risk factors include poor control of blood sugar, alcohol intake, hypertension, smoking, high cholesterol, obesity, advanced age, family history, duration of diabetes

-depending on the extent of damage and the function that is affected due to nerve damage, sometimes it is possible to reverse or reduce damage by medication and lifestyle changes.

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