acne, medically known as Acne vulgaris , is a skin disease that involves oil glands at the base of hair follicles.
often occurs during puberty, when the sebaceous (oil) come to life -. The glands are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands of men and women
The word acne comes from the word Acme meaning ” highest point “which comes from the Greek akme meaning” point “or” point “- was originally misspelled with a” n “instead of an ‘m’ in 1835.
skin cells, sebum and hair can be grouped in a plug, this plug becomes infected with bacteria, resulting in inflammation. A pimple starts to develop when the plug begins to decompose.
American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) discloses that acne appears when a pore on our clogs skin. This blockage begins with dead skin cells.
Normally, dead skin cells rise to the pore surface, and the body sheds cells. When the body starts to make a lot of fat (see-bum), oil that keeps our skin from drying, dead skin cells can stick together in the pore. Instead of coming to the surface, the cells are trapped inside the pore.
Sometimes, the bacteria that live on our skin, p. acnes , also get inside the clogged pore. Inside the pore, bacteria have a perfect environment to multiply very quickly. With plenty of bacteria inside the pore becomes inflamed (red and swollen). If the inflammation is deep into the skin, acne cyst or nodule appears.
Mayo Clinic lists three factors for the occurrence of acne. They are:
- Overproduction of oil (sebum) – Hair follicles are connected to sebaceous glands. These glands secrete an oily substance called sebum to lubricate the skin and hair. When the body produces excessive amounts of sebum and dead skin cells, the two can accumulate in the hair follicles and form together as a soft plug, creating an environment where bacteria can thrive.
- irregular shedding of dead skin cells resulting in irritation of the hair follicles of the skin
- The accumulation of bacteria- • when the oil is trapped within the pores of the skin, some bacteria that alter the composition of the oil and leads to skin irritation occur.
Factors that can make acne worse:
These factors can trigger or aggravate an existing case of acne:
- hormones. Androgens are hormones that increase in children during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and oral contraceptive use may also affect the production of sebum.
- Certain medications. Drugs containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium are known to cause acne.
- Diet. Studies indicate that certain dietary factors, including dairy products and foods rich in carbohydrates – such as bread, rolls and chips, which increase blood sugar -. They can trigger acne