Deep vein thrombosis is caused by the formation of blood clots in the deep veins of the body. DVT occurs most commonly in the leg. You can partially or completely block blood flow to the heart and damaging way valves in the veins. You can also break free and travel to the main, such as the lungs, which can be very dangerous and can lead to serious health complications organs. Some of the symptoms of DVT are:
- swelling, usually in the leg
- reddish or bluish skin discoloration
ways to prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- Regular exercise can help engage the calf muscles, which squeezes the veins and push blood upward. Walking, swimming and cycling are all great activities. The exercise will also help you control your weight, along with eating a low-fat, high-fiber diet with lots of vegetables and fruits.
- exercise toe heel or circle your feet if you can not move.
- During long trips, you can help w ALK up and down the aisles of the bus, train or plane. stop every hour and walk. Move your legs and flex and stretch your feet to improve blood flow in your calves. Wear loose, comfortable clothing. Drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol. If you are concerned about DVT, talk to your doctor before traveling. He or she will help you find any potential problems and may recommend medications anticoagulants or compression stockings depending on your travel plans.
- Talk to your doctor about your risk of clotting when hormones are taken, either birth control or hormone replacement therapy, or during and after any pregnancy .
- If you are hospitalized for any reason, ask your doctors and nurses to make sure you are getting measures such as the use of compression stockings, medicines and exercises with paw prevent blood clots. Make sure family members or caregivers are educated about the possibility of blood clots, so they can apply this concern if they can not communicate or forget.
If you have had DVT or PE before, it can help prevent future blood clots following the steps above and by doing the following:
- Take all medications your doctor prescribes to prevent or treat blood clots.
- Follow up with your doctor for tests and treatment.
- Follow-up with your doctor if recommended to evaluate your risk and follow the advice of your doctor to reduce your risk.
- Use compression stockings as your doctor tells you to avoid leg swelling.