There are many reasons behind kidney problems. However, many people adopt habits that can also cause enormous damage to your kidneys.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, found against the back muscles in the upper abdominal cavity just below the rib cage, one on each side of the spine. The kidneys detoxify the blood and help the body in eliminating waste products through the urine.
Another major function of the kidneys is to remove excess water from the body. They also help retain water when the body needs more.
Moreover, the kidneys help regulate levels of minerals like calcium and phosphate in the body. They also produce important hormones that help regulate body functions such as blood pressure and making red blood cells to carry oxygen and important nutrients throughout the body.
To stay healthy, it is essential to keep the kidneys functioning properly. Some of the common symptoms that may indicate kidney problems are a change in color and the amount of urine, dizziness, vomiting, anemia, trouble breathing, feeling cold most of the time, tiredness or fatigue, itchy skin , bad breath and sudden pain in the body.
If you experience any of these symptoms, consult your doctor to rule out the possibility of a kidney disease.
Here are the top 10 common habits that damage the kidneys
1. Do not empty the bladder timely
Maintaining a full bladder for a long time or delay the need to urinate is one of the main reasons behind kidney damage.
When urine remains in the bladder for a long time, it can cause bacteria that breed in the urine multiply. In turn, these harmful bacteria can cause urinary tract infection or kidney infection. Moreover, retention of urine increases pressure on the kidneys and can lead to kidney failure and incontinence.
If you routinely delay in answering the call of nature, it is time to rectify for the benefit of your kidneys. No matter how busy you are, listen to the ringing of nature and follow them.
2. Insufficient water intake
Do not take a large amount of water can also cause enormous damage to the kidneys. The main function of the kidneys is to remove metabolic waste from the body and regulate the production of erythrocytes.
When the body lacks enough water, there is less blood flow to the kidneys because the blood is concentrated. This hinders the ability of the kidney to remove toxins from the body, and more toxins in the body means more health problems.
According to the National Kidney Foundation, a healthy adult should drink at least 10 to 12 glasses of fluid a day to maintain healthy kidneys and body well hydrated. However, be aware that drinking too much water can also be harmful to the kidneys. Therefore, do not overdo it.
3. The high salt intake
regularly eat too much salt can also cause enormous damage to the kidneys and other health problems. Kidneys metabolised 95 percent sodium consumed by food.
When salt intake is high, the kidneys have to work harder to excrete excess salt. This in turn can lead to reduced kidney function, causing water retention in the body. Water retention can cause an increase in blood pressure and increase the risk of developing kidney disease.
Studies have also shown that salt intake increases the amount of protein in urine, one of the major risk factors for developing kidney disease.
The recommended amount of salt is no more than 5 grams a day. More than this amount is harmful to the kidneys as well as your overall health. 1 teaspoon salt is about 6 grams.
4. Regular use of analgesics
Many of us have the habit of taking analgesics (over-the-counter pain relievers) to control pain and reduce fever and inflammation. But this can damage body organs, including the kidneys.
Research shows that painkillers can reduce blood flow to the kidneys and impair kidney function. Moreover, heavy and long-term use of over-the-counter pain relievers can cause acute kidney failure or chronic kidney disease known as chronic interstitial nephritis.
If you have decreased kidney function, do not take pain medication without consulting your doctor. Even with normal renal function, analgesics should be used as directed, to the lowest possible dose for the shortest time.
5. High protein diet
Protein is good for your health, but excessive consumption of red meat and other protein-based foods may increase the risk of developing kidney disease.
One function of the kidneys is to metabolize and excrete nitrogen products of protein digestion. The high protein intake increases the metabolic burden of the kidneys by increasing pressure chronic glomerular hyperfiltration and. This in turn increases the risk of kidney problems.
Therefore, limit intake of red meat to the overall health of your kidneys. Moreover, those with kidney problems should avoid eating red meat, because it can worsen the condition.
6. Excessive drinking alcohol
Drinking in moderation is fine, but excessive drinking can cause significant kidney damage. Alcohol is a toxin that puts a lot of strain on the kidneys and liver.
When you drink alcohol in large quantities, which makes uric acid is deposited in the renal tubules, leading to tubular obstruction. This in turn increases the risk of kidney failure. Moreover, alcohol causes dehydration and alters the normal functioning kidneys.
If you like to drink, then do it in moderation. A healthy amount is generally considered 2 drinks per day for men and 1 drink per day for women and older people.
7. Smoking cigarettes
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Disease Prevention, smoking is bad for almost all body organs, including the kidneys. Several studies have shown the connection between smoking and kidney disease.
Indeed, smoking is a major factor behind the end-stage renal disease (ESRD), according to the American Association of Kidney Patients (AAKP).
Smoking increases blood pressure and heart rate and reduces blood flow and constricts blood vessels in the kidneys. It can even accelerate the loss of renal function and worsen existing kidney disease.
As smoking is not good for any part of your body, it’s time to quit. Take the help of friends, family or professionals to help quit smoking.
8. Excessive consumption of caffeine
Excess caffeine intake can cause high blood pressure, which in turn put a strain on your kidneys. Over time, this can damage the kidneys.
Indeed, according to a 2002 study published in Kidney International, caffeine has a strong connection with kidney stones. Caffeine can increase calcium excretion in the urine.
Caffeine in moderate amounts will not cause health problems for most people. You can drink one to two cups of coffee, 3 cups of tea a day. Also, limit your intake of other sources of caffeine such as soft drinks, energy drinks, chocolate, cocoa and some medications.
9. Ignoring Common Infections
Ignoring common infections such as colds, flu, cough, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and others can also cause enormous damage to the kidneys.
In fact, people who have kidney disease often have a history of not resting when they are sick. Moreover, people with kidney disease are more sensitive to climate change and often get sick.
bacteria or viruses that cause common infections can damage the kidneys if treatment is not done on time.
Next time suffering from a common infection, to receive treatment quickly and correctly. Take your antibiotics properly and rest your body until you feel better.
10. Lack of sleep
Due to busy lifestyles, many people ignore the importance of sleep. deep sleep, 6 to 8 hours a day is important to your overall health.
At night when you sleep, the renewal of organ tissues occurs. Therefore, when you do not get sleep, it disrupts the process of renewal, resulting in damage to the kidneys and other organs.
Studies also suggest that sleepless nights can cause high blood pressure and more atherosclerosis (clogged arteries). This in turn increases the risk of kidney disease.
Try to adopt healthy sleep habits and maintain a good balance between work and rest. This will help protect the kidneys from health problems and let you live a healthier life.