Warts are harmless growths that can occur anywhere on the body, including the face. They are caused by certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV).
Read on for more information on the different types of warts that may appear on the face.
This article also provides information on how to remove them, as well as when to consult a doctor.
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Warts commonly disappear without medical treatment.
Although HPV Spread mainly through sexual contact, people can spread warts through any skin-to-skin contact. This means that a person can develop a wart after touching an open wart on the body of another person.
Similarly, a wart can spread from one part of the body from one person to another. This can happen if a person touches their wart and then touches another part of their body.
A person can even develop a wart after touching a surface that has come in contact with a wart. HPV is very resistant and can survive for long periods of time on all types of surfaces.
Some common types of warts that can develop on the face include flat warts and filiform warts.
The sections below analyze these types in more detail.
Flat warts develop around scratches or cuts in the skin. As a result, they are especially common in areas that people shave, such as the face and legs.
Flat warts tend to be skin color. They have a flat and flat top and are 1 to 7 millimeters in size. They also tend to develop in groups.
Filiform warts have a sharp or sharp appearance. These fast-growing warts usually develop near the mouth, eyes and nose.
People can treat warts at home. However, it is better to talk to a doctor before trying to treat a facial wart. Doctors can provide treatment recommendations and guidance for a safe and successful wart treatment.
People should also keep in mind that many common treatments for warts contain hard substances such as salicylic acid. These should never approach the eyes, nose or mouth unless the doctor guides you closely.
Up to two thirds of warts resolve themselves without medical treatment. This happens when the body's immune system successfully fights the infection that caused the wart. However, it may take a year or more for the wart to disappear completely.
Some people may not want to wait for a facial wart to disappear naturally. Instead, they may want to try treatments to physically remove the wart.
Salicylic acid is a popular treatment option for wart removal. However, experts do not usually recommend its use in facial warts.
Some studies suggest that topical application of vitamin A may be an effective alternative. According to a 2019 article, tretinoin, which is a derivative of vitamin A, can help treat flat warts. This is an off-label treatment.
In addition, in 2012, researchers reported the case of a person who had successfully treated their warts with vitamin A extracted from fish liver oil. They had been applying the oil directly on their warts. This is also an off-label treatment.
If a wart does not improve in response to home treatment, a person may want to see a doctor. They may recommend one of the following medical treatment options:
The cryotherapy treatment consists of spraying liquid nitrogen on the wart. Liquid nitrogen will freeze and destroy infected skin cells, causing the wart to fall off.
However, this treatment can leave dark or light spots on the skin. Therefore, people with very light or very dark skin types can avoid using this method to treat facial warts.
A dermatologist can cover the wart with a blistering agent called cantaridine. Then they will ask the person to wash the cantaridine in 3 to 4 hours, or as soon as blisters or pain occur.
Dermatologists do not usually use cantaridine in warts located on the face due to the risk of blisters, which can be intense in some people.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not yet approved cantharidin for the treatment of warts.
A doctor can use a scalpel to cut or scrape a wart, especially a filiform wart. However, this is not always the best method to use on the face.
In other cases, they can reduce the surface of the wart so that liquid nitrogen can penetrate deeper into the core of the wart.
A doctor may recommend immunotherapy to stimulate a person's immune system to destroy a wart. This may involve a series of injections of a substance called candida antigen in the wart. This can stimulate the immune system to fight the wart.
Alternatively, a doctor may choose to apply off-label topics to irritate the wart and boost the immune system.
Doctors generally reserve immunotherapy treatment for people with warts that do not respond to other treatment options.
To reduce the risk of contracting or transmitting warts, people can try:
don't touch another person's wart
Do not share personal items, such as towels, clothes or nail clippers, with someone who has a wart
keep open warts covered with a bandage until they close
don't bite the fingernails of a finger that has a wart
do not scratch or scratch a wart
treat any cut or notch in the face as soon as possible
A person should visit a doctor if they have a wart that:
bleed or lose fluid
extends to another area of the body
change color, size or texture
come back shortly after removal
Warts are harmless growths that can appear on any part of the body, including the face. In most cases, they will disappear without treatment. However, this process can take many months.
Anyone concerned with facial warts may want to eliminate them using homemade treatments. If these treatments do not work, a person can see their doctor, who will describe the appropriate medical treatments available.
It is also important to consult a doctor for warts that change in size, color or texture. Warts that bleed, lose fluid or cause pain also require medical attention.