A muscle cramp can be defined as a contraction sudden, uncomfortable and painful muscle that lasts about a few seconds, sometimes a few minutes. This is one of the worst pains, especially when it occurs during sleep. It hurts a lot and slows us. It usually happens for no reason at all, and people who work outside can tell you how often this happens to them.
In this article you can read how to prevent and relieve leg cramps.
What causes leg cramps?
When a muscle contracts involuntarily on their own is what we call a muscle cramp. Very often there is a hard lump in the painful place – the contracted muscle. leg cramps sometimes indicate that the body lacks water or some specific nutrients, and in other cases it means you have a more serious, such as kidney infection problem.
leg cramps at night, different from restless legs syndrome
restless legs syndrome (RLS) appear on certain occasions, usually during pregnancy or it may be a chronic problem. It may be caused by some medical conditions and genetic factors. RSL and leg cramps usually occur at night during sleep and that is the only thing they have in common. The other symptoms of leg cramps and SPI are different and here are some of their differences:
- RLS is a pain or tingling in the legs
- RSL does not cause pain as night leg cramps make
- you and move my leg for a leg cramp does not in leg movement during the SPI relieved, so you should stretch instead of moving the leg .
- RLS makes you want to move the legs and leg cramps will remain still
Causes and risk factors for leg cramps at night
the reason for leg cramps at night is still unknown, but there are some potential causes and some risk factors that can lead leg cramps, which are as follows:
- Too much exercise leg muscle
- long periods in a seated position
- be inadequate
- Working on concrete floors or standing for a long time
However, there are some medical conditions that could be the cause of leg cramps, including:
- neuromuscular disorders
- endocrine disorders (eg, diabetes)
- Parkinson’s disease
- statins, diuretics, beta agonists
treatment and prevention of nocturnal leg cramps
treatment depends on the cause. If the reason for leg cramps is dehydration, try to drink more fluids throughout the day. Below is a list of some treatments, prescriptions and preventive measures that will help with nocturnal leg cramps shown:
- Take enough potassium and magnesium as lack of them often causes leg cramps
- do water exercises to build your leg muscles
- heat the affected area with a heating pad area
- Try acupuncture and loosen stiffness
- using Buckeye improves blood flow
- Wear comfortable shoes and avoid high heels
- Take hot baths relaxation before sleep
- stretch before going to bed
what to do when cramps occur
If you get a leg cramp in the middle of the night most likely feel paralyzed . This is the reason you need to learn to deal with them, to relieve pain and reduce the pain that comes later. Here are some tips:
- One tablespoon of mustard relieve discomfort
- Get out of bed and try to walk. In addition, shake legs to activate blood flow
- Sit on the floor with your legs extended in front of you, bend your feet and ankles. Massaging the painful place gently in circular motions
- Check the blankets and sheets they are loose and do not cause leg muscle to contract
Source: www.healthyfoodheadlines .com