Salt is the ingredient that gives flavor to most things we eat. Unless sweet foods, all cooked requires salt or what feels like it lacks flavor.
Sal, in a way, improves the taste and aroma of the food so we can get a better taste of it. The salt is used primarily as a flavoring agent to sour, flavors, spicy food, subtle and penetrating bitter. Apart from being an important flavor providing substance, salt is also a source of iodine, which is good for the body and its functioning. These are some of the positive aspects of the inclusion of salt in our diet, but often ignore the harmful effects of excess salt in the diet can have.
The chemical composition of the salt is NaCl. Na or sodium is considered the most important in the human body electrolyte. Sodium controls blood pressure and fluid balance in the body; but also it contributes to the proper functioning of nerves and muscles.
The electrolyte less known benefit is that sodium is responsible for the transport of minerals and other substances in and out of our cells. The balanced availability of sodium in the body guarantees the good functioning of cells, arteries and blood vessels. Although an increase or decrease in the level of sodium in the body leads to diseases and disorders.
How salt find their way into our bodies? The salts can be found naturally in some food materials existing. These salts are good for the body and helps to smooth operation.
Humans need salt to taste and in a way, can not consume food without it. At the same time, excess salt in food can put one out completely.The taste is so different that you can not consume food as in the case of too little salt in food. Both eating too much or too little salt can have adverse health effects. There are other sources that inject too much salt in our bodies and do not realize it.
Most of the food they eat outdoor has excess salt we consume and not notice it. fast food restaurants, especially, serve food that is stored for a long period of time. Salt be a very good preservative, it is widely used in the storage of such food materials. These salts are absorbed over a period of time for the food that is sprayed on; Suddenly the taste is unrecognizable.
we consume fast food products in large quantities without realizing that we are eating too much salt. Similar is the scenario that most people consume processed or packaged foods.
Pickles, sealed beans, instant noodles, instant food, etc., have additional salts in large amounts. These salts are not very receptive to our taste buds and are difficult to detect. But it is a fact well known that most processed foods have salt in them as preservatives and not like the taste giving substances commonly used as salt. Such foods lead to excess salt in the diet and cause numerous health problems.
Many of the salts used in processed foods do not like, but its properties are similar to that of common salt, and its effects are similar too. Thus, daily intake of salt increases and face problems related to it.
has become a habit salt, like sugar?
Salt is not the food. Rational nutrition is of limited value and only used to make food taste better. In a way, the salt is a flavor enhancer, like any other spice.
Salt has more or less become a habit, like sugar. In early times, there was no salt, no sugar. The fish were salted as it was found in the bodies of sea and brackish water, while the only sources of sweets were fruits, berries and honey etc., including excess salt in the diet has become a recent habit and not one that has health benefits.
The salt became a habit only after long evolution of man and, subsequently, their eating habits and methods. The necessary salt for the body is readily available in everything we eat; there is no additional requirement for it. However, since accustomed to rise and add a pinch of salt in our food, which has the salt is quite common and the lack of it in food gives us the feeling that something is missing.
What is the role of salt in our body?
Salt contains sodium, which is one of the most basic elements that form this compound or substance. Eating too much salt leads to increased accumulation of sodium in our body. Our kidneys have limited capacity to excrete substances and anything beyond its boundaries tends to cause several problems.
When the sodium consumed in excess, our kidneys do not excrete fully. This results in the accumulation of sodium in the body. Our body is engaged more water to dilute the sodium concentration. This makes water accumulation in the bloodstream and therefore increased blood volume.
The greater the volume of blood, the greater the kind of work the heart has to commit to pump it to all parts of the body. Excess pressure due to this incessant work can lead to stiffness of the blood vessels that can cause high blood pressure, heart failure, stroke or myocardial infarction.
Data on salt:
- What body excretes salt? Anything and everything we consume goes through a digestive and excretory process. The excretory process expels waste or materials used in the body. Our kidneys are the kingpins of the process of excretion. The salt is also mainly excreted by the kidneys, and skin also when sweated.
- How much salt is good? Sal when consumed in the right amount does not cause any problems. It is in fact benefits the body when consumed in the right proportion. Generally, six grams of salt per day, is considered the perfect portion consumption. For babies, the amount is obviously less than four grams per day.
- How much salt is toxic? salt comprises about 30% sodium. If consumed safely, ie six grams per day, our body receives about 2.5 grams of sodium. Science suggests that over 2.3 grams sodium each day, is toxic to the body. So anything about the advised amount (six grams) is toxic.
- Which country / countries consume more salt? North America and European countries consume most of the salts as they eat a lot of processed foods. They also frequently buy food fast food places. In addition, countries such as Sri Lanka, Jamaica, Japan, etc, which are surrounded by the sea, eat a lot of seafood and as a result, eating too much salt. India is the world’s third largest producer of salt while it is the fifth nation that consumes more salt in the world.
Bad effects of excess salt in the diet
The kidneys are the organs that regulate and control sodium levels in our body. They are primarily organs that control the levels of salt as well. High salt level leads directly to the high level of sodium in the blood. This causes high blood pressure, forcing the heart to pump more blood and causing it to work much more than its capacity.
The kidneys also have limited strength and once the sodium level is high in the human body, more energy is used by the kidneys to excrete out, forcing the kidneys to take a lot load.
When a substance is injected into the body at high levels or any body is overworked, disorders and conditions are imminent. High levels of salt are dangerous to the body and we do not realize this until we face difficulties. Some of the dangers, diseases and disorders that we face due to eating too much salt are mentioned below:
Heart failure occurs when the heart can not do against excess volume of blood that has to pump. Due to excess sodium in the blood, caused by eating too much salt, which accumulates in the bloodstream. To dissolve this residue, the body tries sodium with more water so that the water entering the bloodstream, thus increasing its volume. The heart can pump blood to a certain limit more volume and its ability cause problems.
Kidney stones and kidney problems
Kidney stones are inflicted due to aggregation of crystal formed in the kidneys dietary minerals in the urine. Too much salt in food raises levels of minerals in the body, especially sodium.
Our kidneys fail to excrete much of the excess mineral and kept to accumulate in the kidneys. For a period of time, this build a rock crystal is formed, making the process very difficult excretion.
In addition, other kidney problems also occur due to excess sodium in the body. These salts force the kidneys to work beyond their limit cause a malfunction.
Edema is swelling of various parts of the body, usually extremities. This occurs due to excess salt in food. When sodium accumulates in the bloodstream, the body uses or treated with more water. This causes a lot of water that accumulates in the bloodstream and in tissues causing them to swell.
One of the basic remedies or preventive measures to this is to consume less salt, or salt consumption limited. This can help relieve fluid retention caused inflammation.
One of the main reasons for heart attack is a blockage of blood flow to the heart. When the body is the residue of salt or sodium in the blood with water, blood viscosity increases making it difficult to pump through the heart. This accumulation also causes the blood flow obstructed.
formidable by renowned scientists worldwide research has found that a higher intake of salt leads to several types of cancer. The salt has been directly linked to stomach cancer. It is said that six grams of salt each day is completely acceptable, but nothing more than that, even by a slight measure becomes toxic to the body.
The cases in which he found were investigated stomach cancer and concluded that the sick person consumes more than eight grams of salt each day, 33% more than the scientifically recommended.
Left ventricular hypertrophy (thickening of the heart muscle):
Increased blood pressure is critical to this problem. High blood pressure is caused due to eating too much salt. If high blood pressure is ignored for a long period of time, the thickening of the heart muscle becomes imminent. A thick heart muscle is less efficient and inefficient in pumping blood. It also causes other problems such as blood can not pump enough blood and can not deliver to all organs of the body.
Osteoporosis is a disorder related to calcium deficiency. However, eating too much salt can also cause this condition. Salt is indirectly responsible for the reduction of calcium levels in the body. Too much salt in the food increases calcium loss in the urine, this is called cacliurea. Most often, the bone calcium in the body is forced out via urination causes bone demineralization. This weakens the bones and eventually leads to osteoporosis.
consumption of high salt and high blood pressure
Two trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP) and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) were two investigations conducted during 1980 and 1990 to determine the relationship between hypertension and salt. The studies concluded that people in countries like Brazil, Japan, etc. suffer mostly from hypertension and the main cause of this was the high salt intake (about 10 grams per day). Countries where salt is consumed less were far less cases of hypertension.
What kind of food is low enough salt to meet the dietary guidelines?
- Eat more fruits and vegetables.
- Choose only low sodium cereals and grains.
- choose only fresh meat and beans.
- skip all sources of processed foods.
- skip having dinner at fast food restaurants.
Excessive salt consumption is dangerous as anything else is overeating. The circulatory system and excretory system is threatened when we consume too much salt.
The sodium in salt or causes clogging of blood, or decrease the volume of blood causing heart attack or heart failure. Although it is recommended to consume only six grams of salt each day as something more than this amount is toxic. It is also recommended to eat healthy and fresh. Skipping consumption of fast foods and processed foods are useful ways to contain excess salts.
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