The kidneys are one of the smallest organs in your body, but they have one of the large work-filter all toxins that encounter every day.
in fact, the kidneys must filter 20-150 liters of blood to produce only 1 to 2 liters of urine, which consists of residues and liquids ( 1 ).
Each of his kidneys has about a million small filters known as nephrons.
Usually, you are born with two kidneys. These small bean-shaped organs that sit just below the rib cage, one on each side of the spine. While you can live with one kidney, which can be very stressful for the body and eventually may require dialysis if kidney becomes overwhelmed.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1 in 10 adults in the US -more than 20 million people have some degree of chronic kidney disease (CKD) ( 2 ). And these numbers are increasing as more and more people develop chronic symptoms associated with kidney problems.
One of the reasons ERC is increasing, according to experts, is that often people with serious kidney problems may not show any symptoms until the disease has progressed to the point that they need hospitalization.
What causes ERC?
Very often, CKD occurs when a disease or condition weakens your kidneys, causing damage that worsens over several months or even years
several conditions can cause chronic kidney disease, the most common include ( 3 ) :.
- Diabetes : type 1 or type 2
- high blood pressure
- glomerulonephritis: inflammation of the glomeruli (the tiny filters in kidneys)
- interstitial nephritis inflammation of the tubules and surrounding structures within the kidneys
- polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
- prolonged obstruction of urinary tract infections caused by such things as enlarged prostate, kidney stones and some cancers
- the vesicoureteral reflux: a condition that causes urine to build up in the kidneys
- recurrent kidney infections: also known as pyelonephritis
Any symptoms of kidney discomfort should be taken seriously, and at the first sign you should contact your doctor. You can choose to either blood or a urine test immediately to check for any kidney problems.
Meanwhile, here are 10 telltale signs your kidneys are in trouble according to the National Kidney Center (NKC) ( 4 ).
Symptoms of kidney problems
1. Changes in urine
This is one of the first signs of your kidneys are in trouble. So if you notice any of the following changes, talk with your doctor:
- pressure during urination
- Difficulty urinating
- foam in urine
- dark urine followed by urinating less frequent and / or urinating in small amounts
- pale urine and urinating more frequently in larger
- need to urinate often during the night ( although this may be a sign of other problems as well)
2. excessive swelling
Because the kidneys are responsible for filtering any fluid in your body, if the fluid begins to back, you will notice inflammation typically on hands and feet, as these small bodies fight to remove any excess liquid. In addition, protein in the urine is a clear sign that your kidneys are in trouble and small filters are not working correctly.
When this happens, the filters allow to seep through protein in the urine. People with kidney problems will note often have telltale swelling around the eyes, which is caused by large amounts of protein in the urine. You may also notice swelling in the joints.
3. Shortness of breath
While it may not automatically see shortness of breath as a symptom of kidney problems, this is actually a very common sign. When the kidneys are taxed, fluid can build up in the lungs, making it harder to take a deep breath.
Less oxygen in the blood makes it harder for your body to function, causing becomes faster breathing.
Every time your body is overwhelmed with toxins, it looks for any way to get rid of these substances and waste products. One way is through the pores of your skin. This can lead to rashes, dry irritated skin or open wounds.
While creams and ointments can help relieve symptoms that do not help the kidneys, so it is important for the skin to address the underlying issue.
5. The metallic taste in the mouth
Sometimes, your body can become so overloaded with toxins that can literally taste them. People with kidneys that are not working to optimum capacity, often may experience a metallic taste in the mouth.
Any accumulation of waste unfiltered may persist in the blood which can alter the taste of food. This accumulation of toxins may also lead to halitosis (bad breath) and lack of appetite.
6. Lack of concentration and dizziness
As your kidneys are overwhelmed with toxins, they begin to fail, which can lead to inefficient flow of oxygen to the rest of your body, including the brain.
This leads to such things as poor memory, concentration and dizziness, and even light fog-headedness- brain .
7. Pain in the lumbar
Back pain is often associated with kidney damage, failure or infection, as these organs sit in their lower back area . This pain can be the result of kidney stones or urinary tract infection.
may also experience pain in the legs or sides.
In healthy people, the kidneys produce a hormone known as EPO (erythropoietin), which essentially increases the number of red blood cells. These red blood cells carry oxygen valuable to every part of your body. A general lack of oxygen, logically, can lead to fatigue, including muscles and all other working parts of your body.
Chronic fatigue can also be a symptom of anemia so it is imperative that you talk to your health professional if you have long-term, unexplained fatigue.
9. Nausea and vomiting
As toxins and wastes begin to accumulate in the blood, which can cause severe nausea and vomiting. This can also be a sign of urinary tract infection so be sure to talk to your doctor immediately, especially if you are experiencing pain in your [bajadelaespaldaoelabdomentambién( 5 ).
when the kidneys are functioning properly, produce erythropoietin, a hormone that causes your body to produce red blood cells. As such, the problems affecting the healthy function of the kidneys ultimately may interfere with this process results in a lack of red blood cells that carry oxygen.
When this happens, often can develop anemia, a symptom that includes the constant feeling cold ( 6 ).
How to maintain healthy kidneys
to avoid symptoms of kidney problems, there are several things you should do according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases ( NIH) ( 7 ).
- Keep your blood glucose under control, especially if you have diabetes.
- maintain a healthy blood pressure.
- Eat healthy meals-Si is already showing signs of kidney problems, avoid a diet high in protein, fat, sodium and potassium.
- have annual tests to ensure that your kidneys are working properly
- Avoid painkillers unless necessary, since they can damage the kidneys. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen and naproxen are especially bad.
- Contact your doctor immediately if you think you have an infection of the bladder or kidney.
- Do not smoke.