According to the latest historical documents, in 1960, the sugar industry paid researchers to minimize the link between heart disease and sugar, and saturated fat to show as the main culprit in place.
Sugar internal documents discovered recently published Monday in Archives of Internal Medicine and discovered by a researcher at the University of California. They note that five decades of research on the role of nutrition and heart disease, as well as many of the current dietary recommendations have probably been shaped by the large sugar industry.
the author of the JAMA article and professor of medicine at UCSF, Stanton Glantz, said that the sugar industry was able to disrupt the discussion sugar for decades.
Association Sugar, formerly known as the Foundation sugar for research, has paid about $ 50,000 in today’s dollars to three scientists from Harvard to publish a review of research on fat, heart disease, and sugar dating from 1967. the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine has published article, and sugar group has handicapped the studies included in the review, resulting in detracted link between heart health and sugar, questioning skills saturated fat.
Although the discovery of documents is a period of about 50 years, recent studies have shown that the food industry never ceased to impact the science of nutrition.
An article in the New York Times revealed that the largest producer of sugar-sweetened beverages in the world, Coca-Cola, had funded million to researchers whose work was to minimize the relationship between sugary drinks and obesity.
Sugar executives and scientists from Harvard with the work they are no longer alive. Dr. Fredrick J. Stare was another scientist who will become the chairman of the department of nutrition at Harvard University.
The Sugar Association argued that the review dating from 1967 was published in a period when the researchers were not required by medical journals to disclose the sources of funding. This came as a response to the JAMA report. It was not until 1984 that the New England Journal of Medicine began requiring financial disclosure.
Dr. Glantz said the findings are significant as the debate about the potential harms of saturated fat and sugar continues today. For decades, Americans were encouraged by health authorities to reduce fat intake, turning to the high-sugar, low-fat foods, which some scientists today blamed for causing the obesity crisis in America.
admitted that what made the sugar industry was a smart move, especially if the review articles were published in a popular magazine. In this way, they shaped the scientific discussion in general. Government dietary recommendations noted that saturated fat as the culprit of heart disease, while only binds sugar as a cause of tooth decay and empty calories. However, the research of Dr. Hegsted affected these dietary recommendations.
Now, the warnings about saturated fat remain the cornerstone of the dietary guidelines from the government, although in the last couple of years, the World Health Organization, the American Heart Association and other authorities health have also begun to warn that high sugar intake can increase the risk of heart disease.
editorial written by a professor of nutrition, food studies and public health at New York University, Marion Nestle, accompanies the new role which states that the documents had “compelling evidence” that an investigation was initiated by the sugar industry to acquit sugar being a major risk factor for coronary heart disease.
the chairman of the department of nutrition at Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Dr. Walter Willett, stressed that the documents serve as a reminder that research must receive public funds rather than industry funds, although academic conflict of interest rules have changed significantly since the ’60s.
explains that in those days, researchers had limited data to assess the risks of sugar and fat, as opposed to now, when thanks to the researchers data mass at their disposal, which have proved drinks sweetened with sugar and other refined carbohydrates increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, emphasizing the importance of dietary fat.
JAMA article was based on documents discovered by postdoctoral student at UCSF Cristin E. Kearns, found in the libraries of Harvard University, the University of Illinois, etc., so I of thousands pages of correspondence. According to the documents, the executive higher sugar industry, John Hickson has developed a plan with others in the industry in 1964, which aimed to use your information, research and legislative programs to change public opinion.
investigations at that time began to show the link between diets high in sugar and high rates of heart disease in the United States. Other researchers like Ancel Keys, a prominent physiologist Minnesota, were studying a theory of competition that the increased risk of heart disease are saturated fat and dietary cholesterol. In 1965, Harvard researchers were paid $ 49.000 dollars today by Mr. Hickson to do a review on the anti-sugar discredit studies. Wanted outcome of the review would favor sugar, which gave the works selected for review.
Dr. Hegsted of Harvard, said they know what the interest of executives sugar is, and will cover this as well as possible. Harvard researchers continually share their first drafts of the review with Mr. Hickson, please their demands. They managed to give much credence to the data on the saturated fat, rejecting one on sugar as weak.
As explains Dr. Glantz, the review was published, decreasing the debate about heart disease and sugar, and helping low-fat diets are supported by many health authorities.