cell treatment Stem claimed as new techniques for treating serious diseases such as cancer, HIV / AIDS, heart disease, and other diseases. Based on their ability to differentiate stem cells are grouped into several types. What are the types?
1. Totipotent Stem cells that can differentiate into all types of cells.Which includes stem cells are totipotent and zygote morula. These cells are an early embryonic cells that have the ability to form different cell types, including the cells that compose the placenta and umbilical cord. Thus, stem cells in this group has the ability to form an individual set.
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2. Pluripotent The stem cells can differentiate into three germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm), but may not be extraembryonic tissues such as the placenta and umbilical cord. Cells that are included in pluripotent stem cells are embryonic stem cells (embryonic stem cells)
3. Multipotent This stem cells can differentiate into various cell types. For example, stem hemopoetik cells (hemopoetic stem) in the bone marrow that have the ability to differentiate into different types of blood cells such as erythrocytes (red blood cells), leukocytes (white blood cells) and thrombocytes (platelets ). However, bone marrow cells do not produce heart cells.
4. unipotent This stem cells have limited ability to reproduce and can only differentiate into one cell type. In contrast to non-stem cells, stem cells still have properties can renew or regenerate themselves (self-regenerated or self-renewal). unipotent stem cells derived from multipotent stem cells in tissues and adult form. Skin cells is one of the most prolific examples of unipotent stem cells.
Stem cells are found in various tissues of the body, then depending on the source of cells Stem cells are grouped into the following:
– embryonic stem cells
embryonic stem cells are stem cells taken from embryos at the blastocyst stage consisting of 50-150 cells (5-7 days after fertilization). At this time the inner cell mass and contains a group of embryonic stem cells.
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– adult Stem cell
“stem cell therapy” is still not too familiar in some countries, including Indonesia. However, this does not mean that we should not know anything about this unique healing technology.
Well, what, friends? It has increased its information about stem cells? hope this information helps you.