Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease-causing itchy red spots and white, with silvery scales depending on the severity. This generally hereditary, autoimmune condition puts a certain type of white blood cells known as leukocytes high mode depending on what is on the development of skin cells up to ten times. These skin cells to the surface for much faster than the normal work of the development cycle of the skin and therefore expose the lesions that cause itching and irritation level.
There are different types of psoriasis: plaque, guttate, pustular, erythrodermic, reverse, scalp, nails and psoriatic arthritis can affect different parts of the body . In order to have proper treatment, it is very important to know the type of psoriasis one is suffering from.
Psoriasis is often triggered by physical and psychological exhaustion, leading to stress situations for the body and mind. An erratic lifestyle, work situations of high pressure, personal problems of life could act as a trigger if the person remains pressure for a long time .
During the winter, when it is more likely to dry faster, in general, skin, psoriasis patients have more difficulty coping with the condition of the skin due to the constant drying. Living in or visiting places with little or no humidity can trigger asthma attacks and skin does not receive moisture from the air and in turn dries much faster.
types of psoriasis
Plaque Psoriasis : This is the most common form of psoriasis is characterized by excessive production of plaque in the skin. Usually, this form develops in the knees, elbows, face, ears and back. It starts as a rash in general, and most likely will not go away with regular rash ointments. The rash is very peculiar – a red, scaly, raised skin patches with defined edges
These exposed lesions are red, itchy and sometimes may bleed due to excessive dry skin or scratching. If these spots grow, two could be merged into a larger one. If the scalp, white flakes like dandruff affected will be visible. psoriatic nails are a possibility where the nail begins splintered and in some cases cut off from the nail.
Stress, infections that directly affect immune system
skin lesions leading to Koebner effect due to vaccines, scratches or Sunburn
against malaria, beta blockers, lithium or strong topical steroids
Other factors -Diet, dry climate, and allergies may also trigger plaque psoriasis
Psoriasis guttata : Small red spots on the trunks and branches are another way that is common among people under 30 may also appear on the ears, face and scalp. Usually, hundreds, these red spots are small and separate. No cover large areas. These injuries are not as thick as those in the plate. A person who is a carrier of streptococcus and has inherited psoriasis may see outbreaks during an outbreak of cold or strep.
Stress respiratory Problems and streptococcal infections
tonsillitis, skin lesions
malaria drugs and beta blockers
pustular psoriasis : that primarily affects adults, is characterized by blisters or white patches of noninfectious pus and redness of the skin around the pustules. Pus is white blood cells and therefore is not infectious or contagious, unlike popular belief. The skin reddens and pustules or blisters created in the affected area. This eventually leads to flaking of the skin. itching and pain in the affected areas occurs.
infections, systemic steroids
Withdrawal of systemic medications or topical steroids
Emotional and mental stress
Excessive exposure to ultraviolet light
internal medicine and irritating topical lotions
erythrodermic Psoriasis : Considered one of the most dangerous forms of psoriasis, this form covers large areas of the skin with red spots in general, co-existing with pustular psoriasis. It is also common in individuals suffering from unstable plaque where injuries are not defined.
The sudden withdrawal of systemic steroids
infections and allergies
sunburn and skin painful lesions inducing Koebner phenomenon
Inverse psoriasis : This form usually occurs in skin folds such as the armpits, groin and under breasts. This is may be particularly uncomfortable as these are the main areas of sweating and tend to have sensitive skin. Lesion appears as large stains like red, but nonstop. It’s easy to look and covers large areas in the folds of the skin.
Triggers include :. common in overweight due to the folds in the skin, this form of psoriasis could be triggered by any of the causes of other types
nail psoriasis : When the nails start to itch, develop an uneven surface or are plucked from the nail bed during outbreaks, characterized as nail psoriasis. This is commonly paired with one of the other types such as the plate or scalp. Symptoms include uneven texture of nails, nails and splintering of uprooting the nail bed
triggers include :. While there is no separate nail psoriasis symptoms, coexists with other like plaque or guttate when the outbreak is high
scalp psoriasis : Presence of dandruff flakes appearance on the scalp might be psoriasis. The scalp is skin and like any other area that could be affected. Almost 50% of people with psoriasis have any presence of the same on the scalp.
begins with light, thin or thick scales and dense scales. From isolated areas on the scalp could spread to the entire scalp, forehead, neck and ears.
triggers include :. As in nail psoriasis, scalp also has individual triggers, commonly however, combined with plaque or guttate psoriasis and may continue to spread
psoriatic arthritis : People who suffer from psoriasis, are likely to develop psoriatic arthritis between the ages of 30 to 50, causing inflammation, swelling and pain in the joints and around. Statistics say of 30% of people affected with psoriasis have psoriatic arthritis.
is important diagnose and begin treatment so that as soon as a delay of even six months could permanently damage the joints. The severity of psoriasis is not directly related to the severity of psoriatic arthritis.
Along with immunity, outbreaks of psoriasis also affect the joints. Obesity, no form of exercise and ignorance of psoriasis can lead to joint exhibiting symptoms of psoriatic arthritis.
swelling, inflammation and pain in the joints and around
stiffness or joint lock
Fatigue and limited mobility
Swollen fingers and toes
Redness of eyes similar to conjunctivitis
The stiffness and fatigue in the morning
The tenderness of tendons
Psoriasis and depression
Psoriasis patients are also likely to show symptoms of depression . The unattractive appearance of the lesions tend to draw unwanted attention and could adversely affect self-esteem and confidence of the patient. At such times, it is vitally important for family and friends to support the concepts and the person.
is important to note that each affected person can not be treated with the same medication. Since each person has a different work of the immune system, the type of treatment that can work it varies.
Sometimes a trial and error method is used for the treatment of psoriasis. It is recommended to consult a dermatologist immediately in case of finding any of the symptoms.