postural orthostatic tachycardia of (POTS) syndrome, also known as postural tachycardia syndrome of, is one of the disorders more common than has orthostatic intolerance as the main symptom.
orthostatic intolerance is a condition in which an excessively reduced blood volume returns to the heart after a person stands up from a lying position. This causes dizziness or fainting.
Under normal circumstances, when you stand up from a sitting or lying position, gravity pulls some of his blood to the abdomen, hands and feet. This makes the blood vessels constrict rapidly, leading to a slight increase in heart rate to maintain blood flow to the heart and brain. Thus, the blood pressure drops dramatically not.
All this happens by the autonomic nervous system, which is responsible for automatic body functions.
However, in people with POTS, the autonomic nervous system is not functioning properly. Because of this, there is a sudden drop in blood supply to the heart and brain to his feet and racing heart to make up for it.
People with POTS suffer from dizziness or fainting and rapid increase in heart rate of more than 30 beats per minute or heart rate above 120 beats per minute, less than 10 minutes standing after lying down .
Anyone can develop POTS, but women between the ages of 15 and 50 years are more prone to it. In fact, POTS episodes are more severe just before menstrual periods.
Although the exact cause of this condition is not well understood, some of the possible causes of POTS are diabetes, multiple sclerosis, lupus, sarcoidosis , mitochondrial diseases, Lyme disease, joint hypermobility syndrome and mononucleosis. In addition, POTS episodes are common after pregnancy, major surgery, trauma or a viral illness.
Signs and symptoms of postural tachycardia syndrome of
POTS causes a number of symptoms that occur within a few minutes of getting up from a sitting or lying position. . Lying down can relieve some of the symptoms
Some of the common signs and symptoms include:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Heart palpitations
- shaking and sweating
- weakness and fatigue
- Visual problems-blurred or tunnel vision
- failure sleep
- chest pain
- Feeling sick
symptoms can range from mild to severe. Those who suffer from severe symptoms may have difficulty coping with daily activities. Even just standing becomes a difficult task because the body is unable to adapt to gravity.
Even can make it difficult to exercise, since any physical activity brings on faint or lightheaded .
The disease follows a course of relapsing-remitting, which means that the symptoms come and go for years.
Often, POTS is difficult to diagnose because people often linked to anxiety or panic attacks. For this reason, you should consult a doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms. diagnosis and proper treatment is important.
You can try POTS by incorporating the lifestyle changes and taking prescribed medications as directed by your doctor.
These are some of the ways to treat postural tachycardia syndrome.
1. Increase fluid intake
people with POTS are unable to tolerate standing, due to voltage drop and heart rate increase. To resolve this issue, increased fluid intake is very beneficial.
Water intake stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and raises the level of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine stimulant, which helps in maintaining adequate blood pressure.
It is important to maintain adequate hydration POTS syndrome. Water intake should be enough to keep your urine clear.
A 2003 study published in Circulation reports that water increases the tolerance of an upright posture. The effect of water is mediated by increased peripheral vascular resistance.
Another 2010 study published in the European Journal of Neurology shows that the acute intake water and clear soup, both result in an improvement of orthostatic intolerance.
dizziness when standing, just take a little water. After a few minutes, you may find relief from symptoms.
2. Increase salt intake
Increasing your salt intake can also improve symptoms of POTS.
The amount of sodium in the body affects the amount of circulating blood plasma volume and in the body. Therefore, more sodium more volume means, which in turn lead to a better and less orthostatic intolerance symptoms.
Those suffering from POTS should increase the intake of salt in the diet for about 2 to 4 grams per day.
Note: Salt intake is not recommended for those suffering from high blood pressure or heart or kidney disease
3 .. Eat smaller meals and less carbohydrates carbon
Eating small meals is also beneficial if you have POTS.
When you eat smaller meals, your body requires less blood flow to the digestive system, which in turn reduces the severity of symptoms POTS. In people suffering from POTS, there is a problem with blood pooling in the lower body, and does not get back to the heart or upper body as usual.
Moreover, it is better eat your food slowly instead of hastily .
at the same time it is important to limit consumption of carbohydrates. High intake of carbohydrate leads to lower blood pressure in people with orthostatic symptoms. Moreover, the limited intake of carbohydrate is linked to improved blood pressure.