The AHA says PAD is the narrowing of the peripheral arteries and legs, stomach, arms and head. It is more common in the arteries of the legs. PAD is caused by atherosclerosis and narrow blocks arteries in these critical regions of the body. People with PAD have a much higher risk for a heart attack or stroke.
According to WebMD, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, overweight and not active are the main causes. Diabetes can make it much worse
Signs and symptoms
According to WebMD, symptoms of PAD include:
– Leg pain that usually comes with the beginning of the year, then. stops when you rest
– wounds that heal poorly
– area of the body affected is cooler than the rest
– bright skin (legs or arms if this area is affected)
– Loss of hair on legs
– pulse Fainter feet
Some people, however, do not experience any pain or symptoms. This can occur when the body produces new blood vessels grow around blockages.
PAD is often diagnosed, but there are ways your doctor can check to see if you are affected by the disease, according to the AHA. The doctor can evaluate your ankle-brachial index, which compares the blood pressure in the feet to blood pressure in the upper arm. Doctors can also perform imaging tests such as an MRI, CT scan or angiography, especially for someone whose case is serious. This helps doctors identify where the blockage is.
Treatment and Prevention
The AHA indicates that the PAD treatment often focuses on reducing symptoms and find ways to prevent disease progression. Your doctor may need to focus on changes in lifestyle such as:
– Increase physical activity
– Eating a healthy
diet – Quitting smoking
– Taking medications to reduce high blood pressure and / or cholesterol-lowering
is important to note that treatment and prevention of PAD PAD are very similar. To avoid getting PAD, you should exercise, eating right, not smoking and maintaining pressure levels and blood cholesterol under control.
Finally, there is a small number of patients who need a procedure such as angioplasty to open the artery that is blocked or inserting a stent to keep the artery open. These are minimally invasive procedures
Source :. remedydaily.com