Quinoa is an interesting way of pseudocereal that is not technically a grain or a traditional cereal. It is a crop that has been cultivated for thousands of years and is grown primarily for its edible seeds. The scientific name of quinoa is Chenopodium and is a kind of houndstooth. It is grown mainly in South America, in the Andean region, including countries such as Ecuador, Peru, Colombia and Bolivia. The scientific name of quinoa is Chenopodium quinoa .
is believed to have originated in the Andean region. Quinoa grows in general, at a height of between 1 to 3 m in length, grain production each year that can grow in various colors like white, yellow, pink, orange, red, brown and black. The grains can be consumed whole as well as in the form of a flour.
Relates to spinach and beets, and is becoming an important food in America, Europe, China and Canada, despite the fact that it must be imported. It is of great value because it is such rich food source nutrients, and can be used as many common grains, or ground into a powder or flour. It has a very low fat and can be added to diets around the world as a healthy alternative to many other similar foods .
Quinoa is an ancient grain which was cultivated throughout the Andes from 7,000 years ago. The plant is grown at high altitudes ranging from 2,000-4,000 meters in the Andes, where every year, the Inca emperor usually planted the first seeds. It was very important to the Incas agroindustrial plant, as it was one of his basic cereals other than maize.
In the recent past, the Peruvian government has been granting incentives to farmers to increase production quinoa and other similar crops due to their outstanding nutritional qualities.
Quinoa is considered a “wonder food” essential element such that not only has a huge amount of vitamins and minerals , but also organic compounds and several other nutrients that can have a huge impact on our health. It is consumed worldwide in increasing numbers because it is wonderfully nutritious and very versatile in a number of foods.
There are an impressive lot of manganese magnesium , and phosphorus, as well as a significant amount of iron zinc copper and potassium . Quinoa has even amounts of calcium sodium and selenium track. It is also a rich source of phytonutrients and flavonoids such as kaempferol and quercetin and tryptophan, which have their own very special health benefits that add to the demand for quinoa.
Finally, there is a huge amount of protein components and essential amino acids the body needs in quinoa. This is one of the best things about this wonderful food.
is not only a rich mineral and organic chemical form of food, it is also an ideal source of vitamins. Vitamins help the body function properly and are an essential part of any diet. Contains significant amounts of thiamin, Riboflavin , folic acid, and Vitamin B6 .
This makes quinoa the perfect place to help regulate internal functions and metabolism of the body, due to the large amount of vitamin B complex containing food.
calorie content of quinoa
100 grams of quinoa contains only 120 calories , and only 2 grams of fat. For a substance similar grain, ie much less fat than most such foods. For people concerned about their weight, replacing other food grain quinoa is a wonderful way to lose weight.
Health Benefits of Quinoa
is a nutritious food that is good for health. It provides many health benefits, some of which include:
antioxidant properties Quinoa has antioxidant properties helps protect the heart , liver, kidneys, lungs and pancreas against oxidative stress . When compared with other pseudocereals, such as amaranth, quinoa have higher antioxidant activity. Some of the antioxidants found therein include total phenols, polyphenols, anthocyanins. Outbreaks quinoa have also shown significant antioxidant activity.
Supply Good Proteins Quinoa plant has been highly valued for its high protein value , not because it has very high in protein, but rather because it is a source of essential amino acids such as lysine, methionine and tryptophan, all of which can not be synthesized in the body.
Good for glucose and lipid profile Level: quinoa seeds can be beneficial in regulating levels of blood glucose and cholesterol levels in the blood. A study in rats fed high fructose indicates that consumption of quinoa seeds can help in reducing the adverse effects of fructose while glucose level and lipid profile.
high calcium content: The amount of calcium found in quinoa is similar to that of dairy products, but noted that those who are intolerant to products dairy can eat. Calcium is very important for bones, brain and nervous system.
Cardiovascular diseases: Quinoa is a pseudocereal containing proteins and carbohydrates low glycemic value high quality, along with omega-6 and omega-3 and antioxidants . It is also considered good for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease in the future. Test in young and middle-aged people confirmed a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease.
good for the digestive system: Quinoa contains insoluble fiber that helps improve the digestive process and facilitates healthy bowel movements. This also helps in reducing the risk of flatulence , swelling, pain, constipation and gas .
Reduces the risk of Bile calculations: The fiber found in quinoa also aid to reduce the risk of gallstones. Quinoa consumption helps in reducing secretion of bile juice, which AIDS in the formation of gallstones.
source of magnesium: Magnesium is one of the trace elements found in Quinoa. Dietary magnesium intake provides benefits, including control of asthma , increased bone health, reduced risk of osteoporosis , an increase in heart health, and regulation of sugar levels in the blood.
Appetite Control: One study found that a high intake of wheat , oats, noodles, rice , spaghetti and oat induce eat more. On the other hand, alternatives, such as pseudocereals like quinoa and amaranth, not induced to eat more. This is particularly important for those who want to control their diet and who want to lose weight. consumption quinoa reduce excess food intake, thereby promoting healthier weight.
Quinoa – Serving Quick Tips
Before cooking quinoa, one has to ensure that the layer of saponin in the seeds has been removed. In most cases, it purchased in the US quinoa, rinsed and dried, but to be very careful, you can rinse. This saponin can give a bitter taste quinoa if not rinsed properly.
boiled Quinoa: quinoa, after soaking and rinsing, can be boiled in water. 1 cup quinoa lasts about 1 ½ cups of water to boil. Boil for about 15 minutes, then add a pinch of salt to be cooked. While pressure cooking, requires only 5 minutes of cooking High flame.
quinoa salad: Quinoa can be added to salads with choice of vegetables and condiments. The salad tastes good and is nutritious. It is good for those who do not want to gain extra weight.