reading, writing and math are the building blocks of learning. The domain of these issues from the beginning can affect many areas of life, including school, work, and even health in general. It is normal to make mistakes and even fight a little time to learn new things. But repeated, long-term problems may be a sign of a learning disability.
Learning disabilities are not related to how smart he is a child. They are caused by differences in the brain that are present at birth or shortly thereafter. These differences affect how the brain handles information and can create problems with reading, writing and math.
“Usually, in the early years of primary school, some children, despite adequate instruction, have a hard time and can not master the skills of reading and writing as efficiently as their peers” Dr. Benedetto Vitiello says, an expert on children’s mental health at NIH. “So the question is usually raised as a learning disability.”
In general, the sooner a learning disability is recognized and treated, the greater the likelihood of success in school and later in life. “The initial screening and then continuous performance monitoring of children is important to be able to tell quickly when they start to fight,” says Dr. Brett Miller, an expert in reading and writing disability in the NIH. “If you are not actively looking for it, you can lose the opportunity to intervene in time.”
Each learning disability has its own signs. A child with a reading disability may be poor spelling or have trouble reading quickly or recognition of common words. A child with a disability can write writing very slowly, they have bad handwriting, or have trouble expressing their ideas in writing and organizing text. A math disability can make it difficult for a child to understand the basic mathematical concepts (such as multiplication), make the change in cash transactions, or do word problems related to mathematics.
learning difficulties may affect more school performance. If untreated, they can also affect health. A learning disability can make it difficult to understand written health information, follow the instructions of a doctor, or taking the right amount of medication at the right time. Learning problems can also lead to a misunderstanding of the benefits of healthy behaviors, such as exercise, and health risks such as obesity. This lack of knowledge can lead to unhealthy behaviors and increasing the chances of disease.
Not all struggling students have a disability. Many factors affect a person’s ability to learn. Some students may learn more slowly or need more practice than their classmates. Poor vision or hearing may cause a child to miss what is being taught. Poor nutrition or exposure to toxins early in life may also contribute to learning difficulties.
If a child is struggling in school, parents or teachers may request an evaluation for a learning disability. US Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requires public schools provide free support special education for children, including children with specific learning disabilities who need these services. To qualify for these services, the child should be evaluated by the school and meet specific federal and state requirements. An evaluation may include a physical examination, a discussion of family history, and tests of intellectual performance and school.
Many people with learning disabilities can develop strategies to cope with their disorder. A teacher or other learning specialist can help children learn skills that relying on the capabilities to counter-balance their weaknesses. Educators can provide special teaching methods, make changes in the classroom, or use technologies that can help the learning needs of a child.
A child with a learning disability may also have difficulty with low self-esteem, lack of confidence, and frustration. In the case of a learning disability in math, math anxiety may play a role in worsening math skills. A counselor can help children use coping skills and build healthy attitudes about their ability to learn.
“If appropriate interventions are provided, many of these challenges can be minimized,” explains Dr. Kathy Mann Koepke, an expert in mathematics NIH learning disability. “Parents and teachers should be aware that their own words and behavior of all learning and doing mathematics are implicitly learned by young people around and lessen or worsen math anxiety.”
“We often talk about these conditions in isolation, but some people have more of a challenge,” says Miller. Sometimes children with learning disabilities have another learning disorder or another condition, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
“ADHD can be confused with a learning disability,” says Vitiello. ADHD makes it difficult for a child to pay attention, stay focused, organize information, and finishing tasks. This can interfere with school work, home life, and friendships. But ADHD is not considered a learning disability. their own treatments, which may include behavioral therapy and medication is required.
“Parents play an important role in treatment, especially for children in elementary school,” says Vitiello. Medications and behavioral interventions are often delivered at home. Teachers can usually advise parents on how to help children at home, such as by scheduling appropriate time for learning activities amounts. Parents can also help minimize distractions and encourage children to stay on task, such as homework. Effective intervention requires consistency and partnership between school and home.
Many complex factors may contribute to the development of learning problems. Learning disorders tend to run in families. Home, family and daily life also have a strong effect on a child’s ability to learn from a very early age. Parents can help their children develop skills and build knowledge during the first years of life that will support further learning.
“Early exposure to a rich environment is important for brain development,” says Mann Koepke. Involve your child in different learning activities from the beginning. Before they even speak, children are learning. “Even if it’s just listen and see how talking about what you are doing in your daily tasks,” she says.
pointing and talking to children about names, colors, shapes, sizes and numbers of objects in their environment. Try to use comparative words such as “more” or “less”. This will help teach your child about relationships between things, which is important for learning math concepts, says Mann Koepke. Even basic things like getting enough sleep and eating a healthy diet, can help the brain development of children and their ability to learn.
NIH continues to invest in research centers studying learning problems and treatments, with a special focus on groups that have been studied and high risk.
Although there is no cure, “” Early interventions provide essential learning tools and strategies to help lessen the effects of learning difficulties. With the support of caregivers, educators and health professionals, people with learning disabilities can succeed in school, work and in your personal life.
Courtesy NIH, USA