What is yoga? An Introduction
The word “yoga” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Yuj” which means servitude or the union, and often is interpreted to mean the union of body and mind. Yoga is an ancient discipline from India, which is nothing more than an exercise regime. the body is synchronized with the mind and spirit, bringing that practice to inner peace and wellbeing.
The legacy of 2000 years old, left by the sages of India is said to have been first compiledin the form of the Yoga Sutras, by the great sage Patanjali.
The Yoga Sutras serves as a guide for all yoga gurus. Iyengar yoga consists of eight limbs of yoga-yama (restrictions), niyamas (observances), asanas (postures), pranayama (breathing), pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses), Dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation) and samadhi (absorption).
Practice of the third part, asanas, has openly popularized worldwide and therefore, there is the misconception that yoga is only an exercise regimen. In fact, asanas consist of physical postures that provide the body with the necessary strength and resistance to practice meditation.
What is Iyengar yoga?
“The practice of yogasana for the sake of health, to keep fit, or to maintain external flexibility is the practice of yoga. While this is a legitimate place to start, not the end” .
“Even in simple asanas, one is experiencing the three search levels: external search, which brings the firmness of the body, the inner quest, which brings steadiness of intelligence; and the inner quest, which brings benevolence of spirit. “~ Guru Yoga BKS Iyengar
(14th of December 1918 ~ 20 August 2014)
guru final Yoga BKS Iyengar is credited with the creation of Iyengar yoga , which is actually a form of hatha yoga which emphasizes the importance of good posture (asanas) and breathing Control (pranayama). It also emphasizes the importance of correct timing, technique and sequencing as outlined in the Yoga Sutras and the eight members. These are followed with great austerity for all practitioners of Iyengar yoga postures.
Iyengar yoga poses consists of many traditional yoga postures and about 14 variations of pranayama. Easy yoga postures evolve into more complex and advanced positions. This form of yoga ensures a gradual progression toward wellness practitioner, self-fulfillment and peace of mind.
How Iyengar yoga poses were performed? Iyengar yoga students are aware of their limitations; they are taught to work around these and perform the steps of initially easy yoga. This ensures the safety of the asanas (postures).
Students Iyengar yoga postures use a wide range of accessories; These can be as varied equipment such as carpets or belts and even blocks. The supports ensure accuracy and are given great importance in this form of yoga, and also reduce the risk of injury and help students, youth and adults to perform the asanas with great precision and ease.
In this form of yoga, students are taught to keep their positions for a slightly longer length of time compared to other forms of yoga. This helps extend musclesand stiffness increases its flexibility. Therefore, it helps students to concentrate on their conscience.
Initially, yoga postures are taught to beginners are placed. Gradually they are taken through a series of easy yoga postures that involve sitting and reclining postures, twists, turns, backbends, forward bends, etc. Students are taught to properly align your body in order to maintain the perfect balance. Once a student of Iyengar yoga poses is strong enough to sit or lie down for long periods without interruption, breathing techniques are taught (pranayama). Relaxation is granted utmost importance at all stages of Iyengar yoga because it helps stimulate, energize and relax the body and mind.
Benefits of Iyengar yoga postures?
Iyengar yoga poses the following benefits and reduce anxiety and suffering emanating from the following conditions:
chronic back pain:
Iyengar yoga postures helps increase strength and flexibility of the lower abdomen and back muscles of the body. Postures improve the alignment and raise awareness of the body. The student learns to stand tall and straight because the muscles stop slouching or fall.
People suffering from immune deficiency disorders are taught to shift their focus away from the body with the help of Iyengar yoga postures. A deeper awareness is developed through these postures. Certain Iyengar yoga poses also strengthen the immune system by producing relaxation responses of a patient to the physical and psychological stress created in the immune system.
High Blood Pressure:
Iyengar yoga postures helps lower blood pressure and slow the heart rate which is advantageous for patients with high blood pressure or those who have suffered stroke
insomnia is a disorder related to stress which is triggered by a number of factors such as hormonal changes, physical or emotional problems and certain medications . Iyengar yoga postures are useful in these cases because their breathing and relaxation techniques (pranayama) helps calm and relax the body and the mind.
Iyengar yoga postures help the body and mind to work in harmony and therefore helps prevent depression. This is achieved by incorporating physical postures, breathing exercises and meditation in the regime.
Research shows that relaxation techniques are extremely effective in the management of heart disease and to reduce the possibility of cardiac events in the future. They also improve the condition of the heart and autonomic nervous systems.
A woman undergoes a remarkable increase and flow of energy that can be both disconcerting and, cathartic during menopause. According to Iyengar yoga philosophy, at this stage, women should be encouraged to take a full (physical and mental) breakdown of your daily routine and a part for itself.
Iyengar yoga, guides women through spiritual and physical way that is menopause, with the help of its various postures and relaxation techniques.
Some of Iyengar yoga important means to heal the mind, body and soul: Yoga as taught and popularized by the late B.K.S. Iyengar can be used to cure a number of ailments such as chronic back pain, heart disease, high blood pressure, physical and mental hormonal fluctuations during menopause, insomnia, immune deficiency syndromes and depression.
Some of the yoga postures Iyengar that are specially designed to relieve the symptoms of the following diseases:
chronic back pain:
the Adhdo Mukha Svanasana (upward dog) and Utkat asana (pose chair) help strengthen the lower back and strengthen the muscles in the abdominal muscles
With the help of various techniques of meditation and yoga breathing Iyengar can put aside the pain and choose to focus on the sensations that are responsible for relief and relaxation
high blood Pressure:
Iyengar yoga poses like Adho Mukha Svanasana (downward facing dog), Setu Bandha Sarvangasana (bridge pose), Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulder stand) and Sirsasana (Headstand) Regular blood flow and help keep blood pressure under control.
as Uttanasana forward bends (standing forward bend), Prasarita Padottanasana (Wide-Legged standing forward bend), Adho Mukha Svanasana (-dog face down Pose) , Ener Sirsasana (head to knee Pose) and Paschimottanasana (seated forward bend), stimulate the relaxation response, helping the nervous system and brain to maintain composure. The Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulder stand Supported) when carried out at bedtime relaxes the body and prepares it for a restful sleep.
Relaxation techniques have a calming effect on the mind and body and helps keep stress factors that cause depression at bay
Easy yoga postures as Shavasana (corpse pose) makarasana, the Vajrasana and Anulom-Vilom series (breathing techniques / pranayama) reduce the number of symptoms of angina pectoris, decrease the narrowing of the arteries and increase the tolerance level.
Iyengar yoga poses as Salamba Sirsasana (Headstand), Salamba Sarvangasana (shoulder stand) and Halasana (plow pose) to improve hormonal balance. These positions are specially designed to meet the needs of women experiencing menopause.
Based on the principles of Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, Iyengar yoga postures are safe and easy to follow. They can also be made by each and every one.
Iyengar yoga is a combination of all eight elements of yoga that promote the philosophy that we are all connected to each other and ultimately the universe. As the Guru himself once said, Iyengar yoga poses help for the “physical body in line with the mental body”.