I Xylitol use my simple whitening toothpaste and by far the most frequent questions in the comments of the post is that the safety of use of xylitol. Although it is by no means certain (and may even be fatal) to the dogs, there is some evidence that it has benefits in humans, especially for oral use.
What is xylitol?
Xylitol is a polyol alcohol or sugar found in many fruits and vegetables and extracted from birch wood or corn to make a sweetener that is similar in taste to sugar, but with approximately 40 % fewer calories. Although xylitol is extracted from natural sources, passing through a process called hydrogenation sugar to become a stable white powder in storage for food and dental use.
Although technically considered low in digestible carbohydrates, it has no impact on blood sugar levels makes the way sugar (and this is one reason why it is so dangerous for dogs). You can have a laxative effect in humans (more on this later), but generally considered safe for human consumption, although it is a FODMAP and can be problematic for some people.
is widely used in chewing gum, oral health products and as a sugar substitute for people with diabetes or problems related to blood sugar. Xylitol is recommended even in the community of natural health and is found in many anti-candida diets and recipes.
However, Xylitol is really healthy or safe?
as a sweetener xylitol?
Xylitol is a bit controversial sweetener but often promoted as safe for human consumption as a healthy alternative to sugar.
Certainly, I do not think that is a lot for something to be a healthy alternative to sugar especially with all the problems sugar can cause and just because something is considered safe for consumption, does not necessarily mean that it is healthy.
I have my concerns with the way the xylitol and long-term use is processed for several reasons. Most often it is processed from corn, and often genetically modified.
Furthermore, since xylitol is not metabolized and broken down in the stomach like other sweeteners to reach parts of the intestines than regular sugar would not. Since it has the ability to kill many strains of bacteria, including Streptococcus mutans, which is one of the reasons why it is beneficial to dental health, but can also adversely affect intestinal bacteria.
long term, this may mean that xylitol could be beneficial to help with overgrowth of bacteria in the digestive system and even things like biofilms, but can also mean that can adversely affect intestinal bacteria beneficial. At least, this justifies caution and further research. At the same time, many respected sources take an optimistic potential of Xylitol
For the most part, sugar alcohols do not cause significant changes in blood glucose or insulin in humans, and sorbitol and xylitol have not been found to increase glucose blood after consumption. ( 5 ) in diabetic rats, 5 weeks of xylitol supplementation (as 10% of its drinking water) reduced body weight, blood glucose and serum lipids, and increased glucose tolerance compared with controls. ( 6 ) Two other studies in rats also found that xylitol supplemented rats gained less weight and fat mass compared to control rats, and had improved glucose tolerance. ( 7 8 )
Interestingly, while research is still in its infancy, there is some evidence that sugar alcohols such as xylitol can act as a prebiotic and feed intestinal bacteria ( source ) which could have both positive and negative consequences for different people. Since they are FODMAP, some people experience digestive problems sugar alcohol
Xylitol has some potential unexpected benefits :.
- may be potential to increase collagen synthesis and improve the strength and smoothness of the skin when consumed internally and even to help improve bone density with long term use.
- The studies found that xylitol gum helped reduce ear infections in 30-40% of children who have struggled with recurring infections, as it helped eliminate bacteria in the mouth that can contribute to ear infection.
can also cause loose stools, diarrhea and bloating, and many sources recommend working slowly when sugar alcohols are consumed.
Xylitol dental health
In my opinion, the dental benefits of xylitol are the most studied and most compelling, especially 😕
regular use of xylitol food and aids With oral hygiene has been shown to reduce the growth of plaque, to interfere with the growth of bacteria associated with caries, to decrease the incidence tooth decay, and is associated with the remineralization of carious lesions. ( source )
By providing fuel for acid-producing bacteria in the mouth, sugar consumption sets an ideal acidic condition which promotes decay and demineralization of teeth. Xylitol, however, it is not fermentable and non-oral bacteria feeds acid generators. Regular use of xylitol causes cavities forming bacteria, most notably Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans ), to starve and die as much as 73% reducing the level of acidic by-products formed when bacteria ferment sugars. 24 Xylitol also increases the flow of saliva which helps cushion these acids. 25 a more alkaline environment is created, which fewer cavities and plaque, and increasing the remineralization of teeth. untreated cavities, especially small spots of decay, can harden and become less sensitive to exposure to xylitol. 26
My dentist suggests xylitol gum to help prevent cavities, but since Don ‘t like gum for several other reasons (another topic for another day) I like to use in toothpaste instead
Important :. Xylitol and dogs
Although it is considered safe for humans, is extremely toxic to dogs and other animals:
In humans and dogs, the sugar level blood is controlled by the release of insulin by the pancreas. Xylitol does not stimulate insulin release from the pancreas in humans. However, when non-primates (eg, a dog) species eat anything containing Xylitol, which is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, resulting in a powerful release of insulin from the pancreas. This rapid release of insulin resulting in rapid and profound decrease in the level of blood sugar (hypoglycemia), an effect that occurs within 10-60 minutes after ingesting xylitol. If left untreated, this can be life-threatening hypoglycemia. ( source )
Even a very small amount of xylitol can be fatal, especially for small dogs. In fact, some brands of chewing gum containing xylitol enough that even a single piece could be lethal to a dog.
Many people oppose understandable that even having Xylitol in the house with pets and caution should be exercised to avoid any products containing xylitol (gum, toothpaste, etc.) out of reach of pets .
My opinion of Xylitol
With current research, I would only consider the use of xylitol from birch wood products of oral health made at home as:. Lesan, Kashi N. Effect of xylitol in the cariogenic and beneficial oral streptococci: a randomized double-blind crossover trial. Iran J Microbiol. 2012 Jun; 4 (2) :. 75-81
VCA Animal Hospitals: Security xylitol in dogs
Hujoel PP, KK Makinen, CA Bennett, et al. The optimal time to initiate habitual xylitol gum-for obtaining caries prevention long term. J Dent Res. 1999; 78 (3) :. 797-803
Milgrom P, Ly KA, Roberts MC, et al. Mutans streptococci dose response to xylitol chewing gum. J Dent Res 2006 in February.; 85 (2) :. 177-81
Mattila PT, MJ Svanberg, Pokka P, et al. xylitol in the diet protects against weakening of biomechanical properties of bone in ovariectomized rats. J Nutr. 1998 Oct; 128 (10): 1811-4
Mattila PT, Svanberg MJ, ML Knuuttila .. The increased bone volume and bone mineral content in aged rats fed xylitol. Gerontology. Odontology. Share below!