Dealing with hyperpigmentation can be a battle. Whether from acne, skin rashes, insect bites or waxes that went wrong, you have spots on the skin that are darker than the surrounding areas. And besides grabbing your concealer, it is complicated to make them disappear. That is unless you have a professional advice from a dermatologist who knows exactly what your daily line of skin care should consist of to finally say goodbye to stains.
According to dermatologist Keira L. Barr, MD, founder and director of wellness at the Resilient Health Institute, there are two simple ways to combat hyperpigmentation that you should know. prior to Get into the elegant ingredients for skin care: avoid the sun, which can make those dark spots worse, and make sure you are properly treating air pollutants, which have been associated with hyperpigmentation.
“The most important part of a skincare routine to help minimize hyperpigmentation is sunscreen. Sun protection will always be number one, ”says Dr. Barr. “Right behind sunscreen as a cause that contributes to hyperpigmentation is air pollution, especially if you live in a larger city. Various air pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, oxides, particles, ozone and cigarette smoke affect the skin. Then, one of the most important parts of a skin care routine is to wash your face to remove dirt, dirt and contaminants. ”
In addition to using sunscreen throughout the year and never skipping facial washes, Barr says there are also several topical products that you can use that can help with hyperpigmentation, both directly and indirectly. "Indirectly, consider products that help with skin cell turnover and gentle exfoliation such as retinoids," she says. That will help your dark spots fade over time. "Also look for products that directly block enzymes that produce pigmentation with ingredients such as kojic acid and arbutin."
There are a handful of other ingredients that can also help with pigmentation, and Barr recommends using products that contain some or all of its ingredients to help improve your skin and fade those dark spots over time. The next time you buy skin care, these are the ingredients you should look for, as well as the best products to combat hyperpigmentation approved by the derm that contain them.
The ingredients approved by derm to combat hyperpigmentation
Product to test: Drunk Elephant A-Passioni Retinol wrinkle cream, $ 74
When it comes to getting rid of hyperpigmentation, retinol is the queen. "Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A and could be the holy grail for hyperpigmentation, anti-aging and acne regimes because it helps in the renewal of skin cells and plays a role in increasing collagen," says Barr.
Product to test: Herbivore Bakuchiol Retinol Alternative Smoothing Serum, $ 54
If you want to reap the benefits of retinol without using a real retinol, looking for a product that contains bakuchiol is the way to go. It is a milder alternative that does the job without any of the irritating effects.
“Bakuchiol is a meroterpene phenol, an antioxidant, found most abundantly in the seeds of the Psoralea corylifolia plant. It has a long history in medicine for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-proliferative and anti-acne properties, ”says Barr. "Although it has no structural resemblance to retinoids, it has been shown that bakuchiol works similarly to traditional retinoles by focusing on similar cell pathways, which means it offers benefits for the skin that include a softer texture, less hyperpigmentation, improved elasticity and less wrinkles. "
3. Kojic acid
Product to test: Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare Clinical Grade IPL Dark Spot Correction Serum, $ 92
Kojic acid, which is derived from fungi, is excellent for attacking hyperpigmentation. "Kojic acid works as a lightening agent," says Barr. "It blocks the formation of the tyrosine enzyme, which prevents the production of melanin." Other key fighters against hyperpigmentation? Beta and alpha hydroxy acids. "Think of lactic, glycolic and salicylic acids, which exfoliate the surface of the skin and, as a result, help resolve hyperpigmentation while adding hydration to the skin to promote a youthful glow."
4. Vitamin C
Product to test: Drunk Elephant C-Signature Vitamin C Day Serum, $ 80
Leave it to vitamin C to help reduce the appearance of dark spots. "As a powerful antioxidant, it fights environmental stressors such as UV rays and air pollution, which contribute to skin hyperpigmentation," says Barr. "Vitamin C also plays a role in the repair of skin cells."
Product to test: Isdinceutics Melatonik 3-in-1 Night Serum, $ 160
According to Barr, melatonin "increases the skin's natural defenses against free radicals caused by UV radiation, oxidative stress and pollution," and this product uses the ingredient to help fight hyperpigmentation. It also contains bakuchiol and vitamin C.
Product to test: iS Clinical Pro-Heal Serum Advance Plus, $ 148
Arbutin, which is an alternative to the topical agent for skin whitening hydroquinone, works to help lighten the skin by inhibiting tyrosinase activity, says Barr. “This results in the prevention of melanin formation. It can be found as a natural extract in bearberry plants (Uva Ursi), ”he explains.
This is how your hormones can play a furtive role in hyperpigmentation, according to derms. Then, check out the light CC creams such as air that can match your skin tone better than the base.