October is the month to raise awareness about breast cancer and often can be seen around pink ribbon is a symbol of the fight against this disease and female symbol of support for all those affected by breast cancer.
The facts speak loudly that every woman should be well informed about this common disease, because none of us is immune. Globally, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. The disease of breast cancer is increasing. In the world each year has about 2 million new cases of breast cancer diagnosed and the number of deaths per year is half a million. The good news is that breast cancer is detected at an early stage is considered potentially curable.
Although the disease is more common in women in the age group 45 to 49 and 55 to 59 years, most often breast cancer is diagnosed in young women. Therefore, it is important to begin by taking measures to protect a young age.
WAYS TO PREVENT BREAST CANCER
This is how you can reduce the risk of breast cancer and save health breasts:
1. Maintain a healthy body weight, especially after menopause. Overweight women is associated with increased risk of breast cancer. It is considered that obesity increases the risk of breast cancer by 40%. And not only that. Overweight women have a much harder fight against breast cancer after diagnosis. Keeping the body mass index (BMI) below 25. But not just watch the numbers on the scale. Regularly measure your waist. Do not let the reach waist circumference over 80 cm.
2. Minimize alcohol consumption. The more alcohol you drink, the risk of breast cancer increases. Research shows that drinking two alcoholic drinks per day increases the risk by 21%. It is best to drink alcohol only on special occasions. If you have decided every day to drink alcohol, do not drink more than one cup.
3. Make physical activity a priority. Regular exercise helps maintain normal weight, strengthens the immune system and reduces estrogen levels (high level of this hormone is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer). Exercise for 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week. If you do not like the gym, choose to walk. But it should not be an ordinary slow pace in the park, but must maintain a moderate pace. Exercise can also help women who already have better bear the side effects of therapy and recover faster after surgery for breast cancer.
4. Consider your family history. Women whose family has or had in the case of breast cancer are at higher risk. A high-risk group are women whose closest have suffered from breast cancer (mother or sister) cancer. Talk openly with your family and obligatory to inform your doctor about the onset of breast cancer in any of its closest. You can change its recommendations for the age when you should start testing.
5. Do not replace breastfeeding with formula. Women who breastfeed your baby reduces the risk of breast cancer. The more you breastfeed, the greater the protective effect. Breastfeeding your baby for at least six months.
6. Increase intake of vitamin D. Vitamin D is not only good for strengthening bones and to improve immunity. Studies show it can reduce the likelihood of breast cancer.
7. Take care of your nutrition. Reduce consumption of red meat, as it is believed to increase the risk of breast cancer. Replace red meat with chicken or seafood. Eat fruits and vegetables before pastas and cooked meats also. It is recommended to eat 5 servings of fruits or vegetables a day. Enrich your diet with :. Broccoli, olive oil, salmon, beans and nuts
8. Do regular breast exams. The above measures only reduce risk, but, unfortunately, does not protect completely. Secondary prevention, namely the detection of cancer at an early stage is very important. Cancer is diagnosed early, the easier it can be cured.
- breast self-exam It is recommended to breast self-examination -. Exam once a month, from the 20 years. The best time to do a breast self-exam -. Consideration is 3-5 days after menstruation
- mammography breast cancer. The most commonly recommended first mammogram done around 40 years. Women aged between 40 and 50 should have a mammogram every 2 years. After year 50, mammography should be done every year.
And do not forget, it is never too early or too late to change. No matter if you have 15, 25 or 55 years. Change your life to enjoy good health.