We have all encountered the dreaded black pimples: those pimples not so thin that they seem unsightly spots on our noses, foreheads and chins. While you may want to squeeze and extract them, you should not. That's because there are more black spots than what you see at first glance, and many ways to treat them that do not leave your skin red, stained or bleeding. Discover how to get rid of pimples easily and get a fantastic look in the process.
What are pimples?
What we consider as blackheads are pores that have become clogged with oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. This mixture turns black when exposed to oxygen. If the skin grows on it, it will look white, what we know as a white pimple or a classic pimple. The scientific name for both types of grain is a "comedo". Usually, you will notice black spots on your nose, since these are the largest and most oily pores. Like pimples, being dirty or unhygienic does not cause pimples. They are a natural part of having pores and experts believe that there could also be a genetic component. They also could not be easier to treat, although they are not something you can cure completely.
How to get rid of pimples
Improve the routine of skin care
While pimples are not caused by dirt, improving your skin care routine could help reduce them. First, you must begin to cleanse and exfoliate to remove any dead skin that may be forming. Make sure your skin does not produce too much fat by keeping it hydrated and wearing balance masks and, finally, use particular acids to make sure the bacteria do not infect your pores. It is also important to use non-comedogenic products. If something is comedogenic, that means it can block the pores. Lightweight, water-based and gel-textured products are generally recommended for skin prone to peeling.
Choose salicylic acid over benzoyl peroxide
Salicylic acid is what is known as a "chemical exfoliant". These chemicals work to remove dead skin cells by dissolving them. In contrast, the physical exfoliants are exfoliating with sugar, which you must rub on the skin to eliminate dead cells. Despite the slightly frightening name, chemical exfoliators are much softer on the skin than physical exfoliants. Dermatologists recommend the use of salicylic acid for pimples, as it can penetrate the pores and dissolve the oil. Benzoyl peroxide is an antibacterial product that tends to be better for pimples, since it prevents stains from forming.
Cleaning is the first step to good skin care. Use an oil-free cleanser with salicylic acid and apply it at night, rinsing it with lukewarm water. Do not use a cloth because the material is usually too rough for the fragile skin of our faces; use your fingers For even deeper cleaning, consider a facial cleansing tool such as a Clarisonic brush once or twice a week. These devices can be excellent if you are prone to blackheads, but they can make acne worse by irritation if you abuse them.
Exfoliate with AHA or BHA
As mentioned earlier, exfoliation is a crucial step to get rid of dead cells that clog pores and form blackheads. There are two main types of chemical exfoliants: AHA (alpha hydroxy acids) and BHA (beta hydroxy acids). Both work well in black spots. Salicylic acid is a BHA, which means it is soluble in oil. That is why it is so effective in lowering pores and dissolving oils there. Meanwhile, AHAs are water soluble and work by loosening the bonds that hold the upper layers of the skin together. The most common AHA found in skin care is glycolic acid, which occurs naturally in sugar cane. It also minimizes wrinkles and discoloration by allowing the new skin to surface faster. However, it makes your skin more vulnerable to sun damage, so it should always be paired with an SPF.
Hydration helps prevent blackheads in several ways. First, it helps moisturize your skin, so your pores do not produce too much oil to compensate for dryness. Second, it forms a thin barrier to prevent bacteria and dirt from entering your pores. Choose a moisturizer specially formulated for acne-prone skin and has a light texture. You should moisten twice a day after cleaning your skin, using a formula with SPF in the morning, so that your skin does not get damaged by UV rays.
Retinoids are compounds derived from vitamin A and are known as a bit of Holy Grail in the care of the skin. This is because they unclog blocked pores and help the skin regenerate faster. In this way, they can also reverse the signs of aging and sun damage. You can buy over-the-counter retinol serums and creams, but it's important to consider your concentration. Start with a 0.1% retinol formula and use it only at night twice a week, as retinoids make your skin prone to sun damage. If your skin begins to improve after a few weeks, it may change to a higher percentage, but stop if there is any irritation. For unpleasant cases of blackheads, consult a dermatologist about the most powerful prescription retinoids. These usually have names like tretinoin or Retin A.
Once a week, treat your skin with a mask after cleaning. Look for ingredients that clean or refine pores, such as tea tree, coal and clay. These types of masks will remove impurities from the skin and control excess fat, and generally have a clean, natural scent. Apply a thin to medium coat and wait 15 to 20 minutes for the mask to dry. Your skin may feel a bit stiff and dry at this point, which is when you should wash the entire product in a shower of warm water. Most skin types will benefit from a weekly mask, but if your skin is dehydrated, you may want to skip this step or apply the mask only on the nose, forehead and chin where the pores are most visible.
Professional treatments and chemical peels
If all else fails, it's time to call the professionals. A facial that includes extractions is a good option. This type of treatment usually involves double facial cleansing by the facialist, exfoliation with glycolic acid and the use of a special tool to press around the pores to "extract" the fat mass from inside each one. Even more intense is a chemical peel. This involves the application of a strong chemical exfoliant (usually AHA, BHA or retinoid) to remove the upper layers of the skin. This procedure will not only eliminate black spots until the skin has completely regrown, it will also drastically reduce the appearance of wrinkles. As the name suggests, you will notice that your skin peels in the days after treatment. Consult a professional before booking as this treatment has many subsequent care and may cause an allergic reaction in some people.
How to get rid of pimples on the nose
You may be tempted to squeeze the pimples on your nose, but it is a terrible idea. While it is satisfying, pressing the pores causes them to stretch and deform, which means that their black dots will become bigger than ever. Instead, you can try treating your blackheads, that is, just apply products to your nose or T-zone. Use salicylic or glycolic acid gels on the nose and a regular cleanser anywhere else, or apply exfoliating pads only on the areas you need to deal with. A physical scrub, again only applied to the nose, could also be a good idea. Having a clean pillowcase that changes regularly is also a simple advice to prevent pimples from the nose. A quick solution is pore strips. They will not cause permanent damage, but they are only effective in newer black spots that are not very deep.
How to get rid of pimples in the ear
Pimples on the ear can be annoying and even painful if left untreated. They form for the same reason as blackheads: the pores become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. You can prevent them from forming by cleaning your ears with a small amount of facial cleanser on a towel while you are in the shower. Prevent oil from accumulating by placing a Q-tip on an astringent toner and gently rubbing it into your ear. If you already have a black pimple on your ear, you can remove it using a sterilized extraction tool, which you can buy at a pharmacy or online. It looks like a metal pencil with a small bow at the end. Pressing around the black shin with the loop will cause enough pressure to loosen the debris and unclog the black head.
How to get rid of pimples fast
For a simple step-by-step guide to getting rid of pimples, look no further than this video by James Welsh. James advises doing any black spot removal immediately after the shower, as steam will open your pores and make your skin softer. He is a fan of the classical pore strips for the nose area, the forehead, nose and chin loop extraction tools and masks for total cleansing. After each treatment, he recommends using a tea-based toner to keep your skin clean and balanced.
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