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How to get rid of pimples, according to dermatologists

Banish pimples – forever.
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<p type = "text" content = "Pimples, like cockroaches, are the worst for this reason: every time you squeeze one of them, you find dozens more to face. (How about that for a fun visual image?) As satisfying as the squeeze may be at this moment, the discomfort of blackheads can lead to anyone. They just stay. Coming. Back. In search of answers, we turn to the best dermatologists to find out how to get rid of them, forever. "Data-reactid =" 22 ">Pimples, like cockroaches, are the worst for this reason: every time you squeeze one of them, you find dozens more to face. (How about that for a fun visual image?) As satisfying as the squeeze may be at this moment, the discomfort of blackheads can lead to anyone. They just stay. Coming. Back. In search of answers, we turn to the best dermatologists to discover how to get rid of them, forever.

<h2 type = "text" content = "First things first, what exactly are the black dots?"data-reactid =" 23 ">First things first, what exactly are the black dots?

<p type = "text" content = & # 39; Before trying to get rid of blackhead skin, it is better to understand first what they really are. "Pimples are just an oxidized mixture of oil and dead skin cells that are in the pores, (and) exposure to air is what causes them to oxidize and turn black," explains Rachel Nazarian, dermatologist at Schweiger Dermatology Group In New York. & # 39; data-reactid = "24"> Before trying to get rid of the skin of blackheads, it is better to first understand what they really are. "Pimples are just an oxidized mixture of oil and dead skin cells that are found in the pores, (and) exposure to air is what causes them to oxidize and turn black," explains Rachel Nazarian, Schweiger dermatologist. Dermatology Group in New York. City.

<p type = "text" content = & # 39; The technical name of a black shin is an open comedon (and comedon is the scientific term for an acne lesion). There are two different types of comedones: Open (black dots) and closed (white dots). As Shari Marchbein, a board-certified dermatologist and clinical assistant professor of dermatology at New York University, explains: "(Blackheads) are characterized by a dilated opening of a hair follicle, caused by the buildup of sebum, which is oil, P. Acnes bacteria, the main bacteria responsible for causing acne and inflammation. "Data-reactid =" 25 "> The technical name of a pimple is an open comedo (and comedo is the scientific term for an acne lesion.) There are two different types: comedones: Open (blackheads) ) and closed (white dots.) As Shari Marchbein, board-certified dermatologist and assistant clinical professor of dermatology at New York University, explains: "(black dots) are characterized by a dilated opening of a hair follicle, caused by the accumulation of sebum, which is oil, P. Acnes Bacteria, the main bacteria responsible for causing acne, and inflammation. "

In other words: a pimple is essentially a hair follicle that is so blocked by dead skin cells, oil and bacteria that it becomes a large opening in the surface of the skin. When all this dirt falls outdoors (due to the large opening), it oxidizes and turns black.

Despite its unpleasant color, black dots have nothing to do with dirt. "Having (black dots) is not a sign that you are too dirty," says Nazarian. So, at least that's good news. The bad news, for some, is that there is a genetic component in the blackheads, which means that certain people are more likely to develop them, although the underlying reason for this is not yet fully understood.

<h2 type = "text" content = "How are pimples treated?"data-reactid =" 28 ">How are pimples treated?

When it comes to getting rid of black pimples or any type of acne, there are two ways to do it: you can do DIY at home or, for more severe or persistent cases of acne, you can consult a dermatologist. The best plan of action for you will depend on many different factors, of course, but here are the best OTC and prescription treatments for the best dermatologists.

<h3 type = "text" content = "1. For mild pimples, try an exfoliation with salicylic acid"data-reactid =" 30 ">1. For mild pimples, try an exfoliation with salicylic acid

<p type = "text" content = & # 39; "If you have blackheads, your ingredient to go should be salicylic acid"explains Joshua Zeichner, director of cosmetic and clinical research at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City." This beta hydroxy acid helps to remove excess oil and exfoliates the cells from the surface of the skin. "& # 39; data-reactid =" 31 ">" If you have blackheads, your main ingredient should be salicylic acid, "explains Joshua Zeichner, director of cosmetic and clinical research at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City "This beta hydroxy acid helps eliminate excess oil and exfoliate the cells. From the surface of the skin. "

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The best way to use salicylic acid? Try a gentle face wash, which acts as a kind of one to two punch to combat black pimples, providing twice the power of exfoliation. "The combination of physical exfoliation of the exfoliation, along with the chemical exfoliation of salicylic acid, can help maintain clear pores," says Zeichner.

<p type = "text" content = "A couple of our favorite salicylic acid exfoliants include the St. Ives Blackhead Clearing Green Tea Scrub Y Clinique & # 39; s Blackhead Solutions – 7-Day Deep Cleansing and Exfoliation. "data-reactid =" 33 "> A couple of our favorite exfoliants with salicylic acid include the St. Ives Blackhead Clearing tea scrub and Clinique & # 39; s blackhead Solutions 7-day deep pore cleanser and scrub.

<p type = "text" content = "However, you do not want to exfoliate with an exfoliant every day." The general rule is three times a week for oily or combination skin, and only once a week for sensitive skin, Marchbein says. On days when you do not use an exfoliant, swap a mild cleanser that contains salicylic acid, such as Neutrogena & # 39; s Acne Proofing Gel Cleanser, which contains 2 percent of the ingredient, or Murad Clarifying Cleanser, which is formulated with 1.5 percent salicylic acid. "data-reactid =" 34 "> However, you do not want to exfoliate with an exfoliant every day.The general rule is three times a week for oily or combination skin, and only once a week for sensitive skin, says Marchbein. On days when you do not use an exfoliant, swap a mild cleanser that contains salicylic acid, such as Neutrogena acne gel cleanser, which contains 2 percent of the ingredient, or rinse from Murad Cleaner, which is formulated with salicylic acid at 1.5 percent.

<h3 type = "text" content = "2. Try a clarisonic brush"data-reactid =" 35 ">2. Try a clarisonic brush

<p type = "text" content = "Electronic devices for skin care, like the beloved Clarisonic brush, are not just exaggerations, but really clean the skin much more thoroughly than just the fingers. "Just make sure you do not overdo it, since the irritation caused by the cleaning brush can set off acne," explains Jeremy Fenton, a dermatologist in New York City. "Data-reactid =" 36 "> Electronic devices for skin care, like the darling The Clarisonic brush, is not only exaggeration, but actually cleans the skin much more than the fingers." Just make sure you do not overdo it, that the irritation of the cleaning brush can cause acne, "explains Jeremy Fenton, dermatologist.

<p type = "text" content = "What classifies as exaggerating?" Once or twice a week should be enough, "says Fenton. The latest from Clarisonic The gadget comes with a softer brush head (and lets you know when it's time to change it). "data-reactid =" 37 "> What is classified as exaggerated?" Once or twice a week should be enough, "says Fenton For your information: the latest Clarisonic gadget comes with a softer brush head (and lets you know when it's time to change it).

<h3 type = "text" content = "3. For more rebellious pimples, go with a cream of retinoids"data-reactid =" 40 ">3. For more rebellious pimples, go with a cream of retinoids

<p type = "text" content = "The retinoids can help treat blackheads and clogged pores by reducing the adherence of the cells that clog the pores, as well as accelerating the speed at which the skin it rotates and regenerates, "says Marchbein. While there are many myths of retinol Over there, the underlying truth about the ingredient is that the correct percentage and regime can totally transform your skin, and that includes helping to keep pimples at bay. data-reactid = "41"> "Retinoids can help treat blackheads and clogged pores by reducing the adhesion of the cells that clog pores, as well as accelerating the speed at which the skin revolves and regenerates" says Marchbein. While there are many myths about retinol, the underlying truth about the ingredient is that the correct percentage and regime can totally transform your skin, and that includes helping to keep pimples at bay.

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<p type = "text" content = & # 39; If you have a sensitive skin, go with a over-the-counter retinoid cream, as SkinCeuticals Retinol 0.5% Refining Night Cream or Night cream RoC Retinol Correxion Sensitive. data-reactid = "42"> If you have sensitive skin, use an over-the-counter retinoid cream, such as SkinCeuticals 0.5% Retinol Refining Night Cream or RoC Retinol Correction Sensitive Night Cream.

<p type = "text" content = & # 39; For more annoying cases of black dots, prescription retinoid creams You usually do the trick. "Prescription retinoids such as tretinoin, Retin A micro or Tazorac can be effective," says Marchbein. data-reactid = "43"> For heavier cases of blackheads, creams with prescription retinoids tend to do the trick. "Prescription retinoids such as tretinoin, Retin A micro or Tazorac can be effective," says Marchbein.

Another dermatologist based in New York City, Sejal Shah, of SmarterSkin Dermatology in New York City, agrees and says that "topical retinoids are my first line recommendation" to eliminate blackheads.

<h3 type = "text" content = "4. For severe cases, oral medication for acne may be necessary."data-reactid =" 45 ">4. For severe cases, oral medication for acne may be necessary.

When all else fails, your dermatologist can prescribe an oral medication to help clear things up. "If topical medications do not work, medications such as birth control pills and spironolactone decrease oil production and can effectively treat blackheads," says Zeichner. "They will get rid of black spots and prevent new ones from appearing in the future, but these drugs are reserved for people who have more than just occasional black spots, they are more for people with moderate to severe acne."

<p type = "text" content = & # 39; Both oral contraceptives and spironolactone work on a hormonal level to help reduce oil production in the skin. "data-reactid =" 47 "> Both oral contraceptives and spironolactone work at the hormonal level to help reduce oil production in the skin.

<h3 type = "text" content = "5. Finally, do not forget to moisturize."data-reactid =" 48 ">5. Finally, do not forget to moisturize.

<p type = "text" content = "We have said it before and we will gladly repeat it: Hydration is a crucial step. in any skin care routine, even if you have skin prone to acne. Why do you ask? "All these methods can remove oils from the skin and dry," explains Fenton. "It is important to maintain the correct balance in the skin, and hydration will allow you to continue using exfoliating products without any problem." "Data-reactid =" 49 "> We've said it before and we'll gladly repeat it: Hydration is a crucial step in any skin care routine, even if you have an acne-prone skin. Why, ask? "All these methods can remove oils from the skin and dry," Fenton explains, "It's important to maintain the right balance in the skin, and hydration will allow you to continue using exfoliating products without any problems."

<p type = "text" content = "Pro tip, especially for those with sensitive skin: If the retinoid cream dries too much, try applying it on the moisturizer (or even between layers of moisturizer). Always use noncomedogenic moisturizers, which are formulated specifically to not clog your pores (we love it CeraVe Daily Hydrating Lotion Y Seduce Winner of the readers' choice, Neutrogena Hydro Boost Gel-Cream Extra Dry Skin.) "data-reactid =" 50 "> Professional advice, especially for people with sensitive skin: if the retinoid cream dries too much, try applying it on the moisturizer (or even between layers of moisturizer). non-comedogenic moisturizers, which are formulated specifically to not clog the pores (we love CeraVe Daily Moisturizing Lotion and Seduce Readers & # 39; Choice Award Winner, Neutrogena Hydro Boost Gel-Cream Extra Dry Skin.)

<p type = "text" content = "More about treatments for acne:"data-reactid =" 51 ">More about treatments for acne:

<p type = "text" content = "Now, see how treatments for acne have evolved over the past 100 years:"data-reactid =" 56 ">Now, see how treatments for acne have evolved over the past 100 years:

Watch the video. <P type = "text" content = & # 39;You can follow Allure in Instagram Y Twitteror Subscribe to our newsletter To be up to date on all beautiful things.& # 39; data-reactid = "58">You can follow Allure on Instagram and Twitter, or subscribe to our newsletter to stay up to date on all the beautiful things.

Source: https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/rid-blackheads-according-dermatologists-120000256.html

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