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How to get rid of a migraine
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When a migraine occurs, you can not think of anything else other than how to get rid of it quickly. Migraine symptoms include a throbbing headache that may be isolated to one side, as well as nausea or vomiting and feeling super sensitive to lights and sounds. And it can really weaken him, forcing him to cancel work and cancel plans. The worst part: migraines do not go away as fast as regular headaches. They last from four hours to three days if they are not treated.
Rapid treatment of your migraine is key: the earlier you address your symptoms, the more likely your treatment will be effective. Familiarize yourself with these common treatment options, then, so you do not have to suffer.
Migraine treatments, explained.
Treatments for migraine range from over-the-counter medications and prescription medications to natural remedies and simple lifestyle modifications.
Treatments for migraines are usually divided into two categories: preventive, which can stop migraines before they start, and acute / abortive, or in other words, stop the pain now.
A cure for migraine is not yet known, but many patients can find significant relief. Your treatment strategy will probably depend on several factors, such as your sex, your age, whether you are pregnant or breastfeeding, the frequency of your headaches, the severity of your headaches, whether or not you experience an aura with your migraine. and what other medical conditions you have.
How to get rid of a migraine as soon as possible
Acute / abortive treatments include:
Drink water and have a snack.
Because dehydration and skipping meals can sometimes lead to migraines, drinking a large glass of water can not hurt. And if you have not eaten in a long time, eat something too.
Take some caffeine
For some people, caffeine is a trigger (which means it's a no-no). But for others, it can be a form of relief. In fact, some over-the-counter migraine medications contain caffeine. But if you prefer to sleep without migraines, remember that caffeine can make it harder to do.
Create a sanctuary
If the lights and sounds bother you during a migraine, lying down in a dark, quiet room can help. Close the door and the blinds. Wear a sleeping mask and earplugs if necessary.
Try over the counter medications
There are many options, including pain killers such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, paracetamol, and combination medications. Excedrin Migraine is acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine; Alka Seltzer is aspirin and two antacids. Professional Tip # 1: All the pills that come in liquid gel form work faster. Professional advice number 2: If you are taking over the counter medications more than 10 to 15 times a month, talk with your doctor about your migraines. Taking over-the-counter medications too often can sometimes lead to serious side effects, such as liver problems, and may actually cause you to have headaches more frequently.
Take your prescribed medications
If you have already been seeing a doctor for your migraines, then you may have a prescription medication on hand to relieve migraine pain. Some of these include indomethacin, triptans, medications combined with ergotamine and caffeine, anti-nausea drugs, opioids and glucocorticoids. If you experience an aura with your migraine, a doctor may prescribe a different type of medication to specifically treat that symptom.
How to prevent a migraine
The best candidates for the preventive treatment of migraine are people who have four or more migraines a month, those who have migraines that last more than 12 hours at a time and people who do not get enough relief from taking over the counter medications. when migraines occur
There are a variety of prescription medications you can take to prevent migraine. For example, there are cardiovascular medications, such as beta blockers and calcium channel blockers; antidepressants such as tricyclics, Effexor XR; and anticonvulsant drugs. The Food and Drug Administration approved a new option that works in an innovative way. It's called erenumab, or Aimovig, and it blocks the activity of a molecule called a peptide related to the calcitonin gene. "In the world of neurology, we are enthusiastic about Aimovig because the results in clinical trials have been excellent," said Santiago Mazuera Mejia, a neurologist at the Sandra and Malcolm Berman Brain & Spine Institute of LifeBridge Health in Baltimore, Maryland. Receiving Botox injections every 12 weeks on the muscles of the forehead and neck can help.
"Botox is reserved for people with chronic migraines, and most insurance companies will not cover it unless two or three prescription drugs have not worked for you," said Dr. Bradley Katz, a neuroophthalmologist at the University of Moran Eye Center of Utah, which specializes in the treatment of sensitivity to light related to migraine. Hormone therapy may be useful for some women who have migraines related to their menstrual cycle.
Put your stress under control
This may include exercise, deep breathing or trying progressive muscle relaxation, biofeedback or meditation. Practicing yoga is a way to combine several of these approaches.
Avoid your triggers
Doctors often recommend keeping a migraine diary because it can help you discover your triggers. Write down what time the migraines occur, how long they last, how you slept the night before, what you ate and drank that day and when, how you felt emotionally that day, etc. Common triggers include being exposed to certain types of light; consume certain foods, beverages or additives such as aged cheeses, alcohol, smoked meats, caffeine, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, salty or processed foods, or MSG; skip meals; become dehydrated, skimp on sleeping or sleeping too much; an infection; certain smells, like the smell of perfumes, paint the thinnest second-hand smoke; loud sounds; Stop a certain medication and climate changes, such as an increase or decrease in the temperature of 10 degrees or the fall in barometric pressure. Therefore, you may want to consider making certain lifestyle changes, such as adjusting your diet, going to bed earlier or using custom lenses or contact lenses.
Try alternative medicine
Acupuncture, massage therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy are options for migraine patients. Your doctor can talk about taking certain nutritional supplements such as magnesium, coenzyme 10, or vitamin B2 or B12. The butterbur herb is another herb that can be used but, recently, there have been concerns about its safety.
Use a neuromodulation device.
You can use a device that rejects brain activity. For example, there is one called Cefaly that you put on your forehead for 20 minutes a day. This is called transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation or t-SNS. There is another device called SpringTMS or sTMS, a magnet that is placed behind the head and emits a rapid pulse. And there is one called gammaCore, a non-invasive stimulator of the vagal nerve, which is placed in the neck on a gel for 90 to 120 seconds.
The final result: do not give up
"The current treatment options are effective for some people, what happens is that many people have migraines and have to deal with them, which is really sad, often people do not treat them in the first place or stop going to The doctor simply accepts them and gets discouraged, "said Dr. Wade Cooper, director of the University of Michigan Headache and Neuropathic Pain Clinic in Ann Arbor.
But that does not have to be the case. There are more treatment options than ever, and if one type of therapy does not work for you, you can keep trying with others until you find the right fit. Do not hesitate to discuss treatment options with your primary care physician, who can refer you to a specialist, such as a neurologist.