There are several types of altitude sickness such as acute mountain sickness, high altitude pulmonary edema (EPA) and high – altitude cerebral edema (ECA). The most common and less dangerous is the acute mountain sickness (AMS).
Symptoms include headache, shortness of breath, fatigue, dizziness, trouble sleeping, nausea, vomiting, tachycardia and difficulty thinking. Symptoms occur when the body rises very quickly at high altitude, as when you’re taking off in an airplane, or when it rises to a height such that the air becomes thinner and suffering from lack of oxygen.
There are several ways to treat and prevent the symptoms of altitude sickness using natural, affordable and effective remedies you can make at home. Ready to find out what they are? Let’s start!
home remedies for altitude sickness:
1. Take time to acclimate
try climbing at a rate of about 500-1000 feet per day, and when you first arrive to a new height, relax for 12-24 hours before participating in the demanding physical activity. The body acclimate to lower oxygen levels by adjusting the depth of breathing. He also will release more red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body, and produce more of the enzyme that helps the tissues absorb oxygen.
2. Keep your healthy digestive system
lemon juice, ginger, garlic, and honey are all naturally antibacterial. Fight germs that cause colds and other illnesses, and support proper digestive function. Drinking lemon and ginger tea with honey and garlic 2-3 times a day for several days before flying or climbing. This will help prevent nausea, upset stomach and vomiting.
3. Food easy to digest
Eat foods that are easy for the body to digest before and during the flight or climbing. Avoid excess fat, fat and salt. The harder your body has to work to digest the food you eat, the less energy you have to spend on physical effort and acclimatize to new heights.
Eat ginger before climbing or fly tends to prevent altitude sickness, but also can be taken to alleviate the symptoms if they occur. Whenever you feel nauseous, chewing a piece of fresh ginger root to calm your stomach. Or mix 20 drops of ginger juice (liquid) in 1/2 cup of water and drink.
5. Ginkgo Biloba
Ginkgo biloba leaves contain bilobalide, ginkgolides and flavonoids that relieve the symptoms of altitude sickness. Ginkgo biloba supplement take 24 hours before flying or climbing. It has some side effects such as dizziness, restlessness, breathing problems, allergic skin reactions. It is good to use ginkgo supplements certificate that is free of acid ginkgo. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should consult a physician before using this method.
6. Be prepared
Whether you are flying or climbing, it is important to plan your route in detail so that you and the other members of your group can be prepared. Having a first aid kit ready, make sure you have an exit strategy. Make sure that the timing and the ground are within the capabilities of all members of your group.
7. The mental and physical ability
A person who deals with the symptoms of altitude sickness better when he or she is both physically and mentally. Learn about the physical effects of high altitudes so that when they occur, they are mentally prepared to deal with them. Visit a doctor familiar with travel demands altitude. Addressing acute medical problems like sinusitis, bronchitis, chest pain, heart and lung disease, musculoskeletal disorders, and sleep disorders before going for the trip and take medications that are essential for the journey.
Before flying or climbing, avoiding caffeine, alcohol, smoking, and sedatives that affects blood pressure levels and causes dehydration. Be sure to drink 2-3 liters of water a day to stay hydrated.
Ask your doctor about medications that prevent altitude sickness. Acetazolamide and dexamethasone neutralize the effects of low air pressure; nifedipine improves the flow of oxygen by decreasing the pressure on the pulmonary arteries; furosemide and prevents fluid buildup in the lungs. Take plenty of ibuprofen or acetaminophen or NSAIDs on their journey to fend off headaches and body aches. These drugs tend to reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness by 75%.
Lack of sleep leads to fatigue, which contributes to altitude sickness. Before and during your trip, be sure to get 8 hours of sleep each night.
11. Get educated
Before flying or climbing, talk to a doctor about altitude sickness and its symptoms, and ask what you can do to prevent and cope with them.
Other tips to treat and prevent altitude sickness:
- is sometimes difficult to recognize the symptoms of altitude sickness in oneself. Traveling in groups so people can look out for one another.
- Healthy individuals typically do not experience altitude sickness below 8000 feet.
- If you start to experience nausea, dizziness or other symptoms of altitude sickness, stops rising.
- For large ascents, it is limited to 1000 feet per day in order to allow your body time to acclimatize.
- Certain drugs for altitude sickness cause side effects, including numbness, tingling, ringing in the ears, sleep disruption, euphoria, and fluctuations in blood sugar.
Have you tried any of these methods to treat and prevent altitude sickness? Do you know of any other know we have not mentioned? Share your experience with us