Summer is the period of growing food while winter is all about storage. Given the fact that prices increased production during the winter, store as much as possible before it is of utmost importance.
Cold storage, commonly known as the root guard, is one of the oldest and simplest to preserve fruits and vegetables during the winter months ways. As a matter of fact, it has been found that Aboriginal people of Australia have long used this practice to preserve food, but walk-in root cellars did not become popular until the fourth century 17 .
The term basement refers to an underground room, whose purpose is to preserve fruits and vegetables for a long period of time. A basement is a place with an adequate level of humidity, cool temperature and adequate ventilation. It can be built in the basement but also places outside the home.
The appropriate level of humidity is paramount and most produced require high humidity, which is about 85-95%. Although most root cellars are naturally moist by placing a hygrometer in the basement is a good idea.
If the humidity level in your basement is too high, you must add a couple of barrels of rock salt or increase ventilation in order to lower it. On the other hand, if the humidity is too low, it can be increased by packing the vegetables in wet sawdust or just sprinkle some water on the floor.
Colder temperatures slow the rate at which cause the release of ethylene gas, which in turn reduces the rate at which become rancid. After all, that is why we use cooling!
Generally, the temperature should be 32-50 degrees Fahrenheit, although the ideal temperature depends on the fruits and vegetables you plan to save.
In addition to temperature and humidity, adequate ventilation is another factor for success cellar`s root. The air circulation is very important because it controls the ethylene gases that are released by fruits and vegetables stored.
An ideal cellar must have a ventilation inlet and an outlet vent, although you may need more. Inlet vents should be placed under, while the latter should be placed high. In cases of extreme cold and heat, the vents should be closed so that the temperature inside remains more consistent.
What foods can be kept in a basement?
As a matter of fact, most foods can be kept in the basement, including beets, potatoes, carrots, onions, apples and many more.
Interestingly, if stored properly, you can even keep the cauliflower (leaf wrapper), cucumbers (in containers of wax or wet) and tomatoes (stored in boxes in a single layer).
How should a basement can be arranged?
Given the fact that the air circulation is important, shelves should be positioned so that there is enough air around the product. In other words, should not keep fruits and vegetables and packed pallets should be used to raise the food if stored in the soil.
Those foods that release greater amounts of ethylene gas must be placed closer to the extraction holes, including tomatoes, pears and apples.
Col and other foods with strong odors should be wrapped in paper to prevent other foods to prevent odor.
GUARDING AGAINST RODENTS
rodent infestation is one of the main problems in basements root. He makes sure to cover all entry points with a wire mesh in order to avoid this.
Do not forget to inspect the warehouse on a regular basis and remove any spoiled food to prevent bacteria from affecting other foods.
Given that high levels of humidity can make caps food cans to rust, do not store canned food in the basement.