According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), genital herpes is a very common highly contagious virus, which is the No. 1 cause of genital ulcers worldwide.In the US, approximately 25 percent of all adult women (approximately one out of four, although some studies have found the rate to be much higher) and 20 percent of men (one in five) have genital herpes. And about 85 percent do not even know!
Because the herpes virus is transmitted sexually and incurable via a diagnosis of genital herpes can seem overwhelming and often causes much embarrassment and anxiety, plus cold sores that sometimes it can be very uncomfortable. But the good news is that there are plenty of ways to reduce your risk, help stop the spread of herpes and treatment of outbreaks.
What they are the genital herpes?
A genital herpes infection is caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two main types of HSV which are responsible for the vast majority of cases of genital herpes: HSV-1 and HSV-2. Once infected, a person with genital herpes develop skin sores / ulcers around the genitals and sometimes also feel other symptoms associated with having a virus -. Such as muscle aches, pain near the groin and fatigue
The virus can live dormant within the immune system of a person for a lifetime, periodically causing blisters that burst and become open wounds or ulcers before healing. HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections are acquired by direct contact with a person carrying the virus.
Infectious secretions passing on herpes live on surfaces of the oral mucosa, genital or anal. Herpes is an infection transmission from skin to skin, but do not need to have sex to cause the virus to reach the genital track. Any form of / intimate skin to skin contact is capable of transmitting the virus, including contact with the sores on the buttocks or mouth.
Research shows that most patients with genital herpes have virtually no symptoms at all, are unaware they have the virus and eliminate the virus in the genital tract before it causes discomfort. It is also very common to experience a visible outbreak only once and after the virus remains dormant and undetectable, sometimes for a lifetime.
How long does a herpes outbreak? Everyone is different, but the healing of injuries “uncomplicated” (those who are not very serious) usually takes about two to four weeks.
genital herpes causes and risk factors
In the past, the experts found that HSV-2 was responsible for causing infections more genital herpes but today an increasing proportion of genital herpes infections are due to HSV-1, which is commonly identified as “herpes in the mouth,” which only causes cold sores on the lips or mouth. Contrary to what most people think about herpes, HSV-1 not only affects the membranes on the lips or inside the mouth – which can also be transmitted to the genital area. In addition, although it is rarer, genital herpes can also be acquired through contact with eye ulcers, secretions on fingers, or ulcers / sores on the buttocks and thighs.
Experts now believe that oral transmission (mainly due to the transmission of HSV-1 from mouth to genitals) is the primary way that people get genital herpes for the first time, especially adolescents and adults young boys. About 50 percent of new genital herpes infections in young adults are due to HSV-1 and about 40 percent in older adults.
Besides participating in oral sex, other risk factors include having any unprotected sex, sex with multiple partners (since the infection rate is so high) and has certain other diseases the lower immune function (such as HIV, a autoimmune disorder or hepatitis).
Symptoms of genital herpes, herpes, plus what looks like
Genital herpes affects all so very different, but here are some general facts about the symptoms of common genital herpes and signals:
- usually the first outbreak of genital herpes produces the strongest symptoms, then the symptoms of outbreaks later (that reactivate the virus) they are softer.
- A person newly infected with genital herpes experience the first outbreak usually within 14 days of infection. Outbreaks are most common during the first year of infection and then tend to diminish considerably over time.
- You can make both HSV-1 and HSV-2, which can cause symptoms separately in different parts of the body at different times.
- “primary genital herpes” is the term for the first episode in an individual without preexisting to any type of herpes virus antibodies.
- A “first non-main event” is the term for someone who has a flare for the first time, even if that person already has pre-existing antibodies to another type of herpes virus (eg, he or she he was infected with HSV -1 virus as a child and then infected with HSV-2 virus in adulthood).
How do you see the like herpes, and what it feels like to experience an outbreak? The signs of symptoms of an outbreak of genital herpes may include:
- Any of a single sore or group of multiple cold sores (called vesicles) formed on the genitals, buttocks, thighs or near the groin. In primary outbreaks, sores can sometimes serious rupture being and cause fluid secreted out.
- Cold sores may ulcerate (become exposed and painful), the development of a white layer and record over a period of time before healing.
- Throughout the cold sore, it is common to feel pain, tenderness and other symptoms of a rash , such as redness or signs of inflammation.
- In men, genital sores / ulcers herpes usually occur mainly at the base of the penis and around the surrounding area.
In women, ulcers usually occur on the vulva, vagina and cervix.
- Other symptoms of a viral infection that are similar to a cold or flu . This may include fatigue, pain or fever. Some people are able to say before an outbreak, if one will happen because tingling, itching and signs of irritable or other contracting the disease feel.
- Unfortunately, a side effect of genital herpes caused by HSV-2 virus is that some people who develop increased susceptibility to future viruses, including HIV. The CDC has found that infection with HSV-2 has been shown to double the risk of becoming infected with HIV through sexual transmission.
- Other complications, which are rare, include nerve damage (neuropathy) near the genitals, toileting problems normally (urinary retention) and increased risk of meningitis.
Conventional treatments for herpes simplex
Is Herpes curable? Like most viruses, herpes can not be completely cured, even with prescription drugs and early detection.
Researchers characterized by HSV “lifelong infection and periodic reactivation”, although this does not mean that all people with herpes actually experience cold sore outbreaks throughout his life. How often does someone have an outbreak, the severity of the outbreak is, How contagious is the person and how long they take to heal sores all depend on the individual immune response from someone.
conventional doctors often use certain medications and preventative measures to help keep outbreaks of genital herpes to a minimum and reduce its duration and severity when they occur. These may include:
- Nucleoside analogues and antiviral drugs, such as acyclovir, famciclovir and valacyclovir, working to control outbreaks and reduce the risk of transmission, but usually need to be taken daily ( forever) and are not 100 percent effective
- Cream / ointment to reduce pain and inflammation near the site of wounds
- the counter pain relievers to reduce pain, pain or fever
- for pregnant women who develop herpes during the later stages of pregnancy, doctors also recommend caesarean section to help reduce the risk of contracting the virus baby
- Education about safe sex and limiting risk of transmitting the virus also discussed generally
natural treatments for genital herpes
1. practicing safe sex
There is no definitive cure for genital herpes (whether caused by HSV-1 or HSV-2), which is spread through direct contact. The probability of transmitting the herpes virus to another person is higher for a period of outbreak when symptoms are present, but it is also possible to spread the virus when someone is asymptomatic (have no noticeable symptoms).
avoid any kind of sex or intimate contact if symptoms or sores are present (an ulcer afta swelling, etc.). If you are infected, safe sex is crucial to protect your partner; research shows that when partners avoid sex during active outbreaks, especially if they use condoms, there is a generally low risk of transmission (only 1 percent to 10 percent depending on the sex of the couple and their medical history) .
said, there is still always a possibility that the virus can be transmitted, so no guarantees. According to Journal of the American Medical Association , some research shows that most infections HSV-2 are actually acquired from people who did not know they had herpes and report no history of the symptoms.
One reason why many people do not know they have genital herpes (up to 85 percent of those with the virus) is because doctors rarely check for herpes when they perform standard checks ETS. Because up to 80 percent of people who carry the HSV-1 virus, 30 percent carry antibodies to HSV-2 virus and many people even carry both viruses, the tests are not always able to reveal much useful information.
According to the University of Columbia, blood tests for herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) are available but are not always accurate. Tests can be used when someone is worried about being exposed to herpes from a partner, however, the debate is ongoing relative utility of a blood test is to identify a person’s risk of developing symptoms of herpes.
2. Enhance immune function
Even when someone is infected with genital herpes, symptoms depend on how strong the immune system of the person is.
Symptoms of genital herpes vary considerably the amount of “viral spread” immune system of a person takes place, which means that the speed with which the body can fight off the effects of the virus and overcome or prevent symptom.
This is why many, many people are infected with both types of herpes virus (or both), but do not show any signs or symptoms -. Because they develop a strong immune response early in life or after he became sexual activity
What are some ways you can improve immune function in general?
- Eat a healing diet low processed foods but high in anti-inflammatory foods loaded with vitamins, minerals , essential fatty acids and antioxidants.
- avoid smoking or using drugs.
- Exercise regularly.
- control stress and get enough sleep.
- Limit or avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics and drugs to prevent antibiotic resistance .
- limit exposure to toxic chemicals in packaged foods, products of chemical or synthetic beauty and household cleaning products.
3. Antiviral Herbs
Certain herbs naturally act as “antiviral therapies suppressor “, which can help reduce your chances of getting HSV infection in the first place or experience recurrent outbreaks. antiviral herbs inhibit the development of virus, help treat infections, and usually cause no or very few side effects. In fact, they have multiple benefits beyond stimulate the immune system , to help reduce inflammation and allow the body to attack viral pathogens more quickly. antiviral and antioxidant herbs, which can help control genital herpes include:
- Astralagus root: A 2004 study found that astragalus helped decrease symptoms of herpes virus simplex type 1, and has also been shown to have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties used in wound skin care
- burdock root
- A multivitamin containing vitamin C, zinc and vitamin D
- herbs Adaptógenos : These include ashwagandha, maca, medicinal mushrooms and rhodiola to help minor aches, fatigue, stress and low immune function
- the omega-3 to reduce inflammation
- Some research shows that the amino acid lysine can also reduce symptoms of herpes
4. reduce pain and improve natural healing time
When an outbreak of genital herpes, some of the ways they can help lessen the pain of herpes include occurs:
- Only use natural hot water, mild soap and ulcers. This reduces irritation. Avoid adding anti-itch creams, petroleum jelly, creams or other products that may worsen the swelling.
- Press a hot towel to the affected area to reduce pain, or sit in a hot bath or shower to allow heat to reach the area where it hurts area. Some people also use a hair dryer at low temperature to apply heat directly to the area for several minutes at a time.
- wear comfortable, loose clothing to allow air to reach the sores.
- Use a separate genitals, near open wounds that you would use in his mouth towel. The virus can be transmitted from one location of the body to another, but this limits the chance.
- Try not to touch the open sores during an outbreak or beforehand. Wash your hands every time you do it.
Facts & Figures genital herpes (herpes simplex virus)
- Genital herpes is the most common viral form sexually transmitted disease in the world, affecting more than 536 million people worldwide.
- genital herpes rates have been increasing steadily both in underdeveloped and developing countries. In the UK, there have been at least an increase of 15 percent in the number of diagnoses in the last decade, and the prevalence of genital herpes in developing countries is up to 75 percent of the total population, depending on the country.
- In the US, an estimated 40 to 60 million people are infected with HSV-2. Until 800,00 new clinical / first of HSV-2 cases are diagnosed each year.
- Genital herpes can spread HSV-1 usually causes cold sores in the mouth and affects both children and adults. About 50 percent to 80 percent of all Americans have oral herpes (HSV-1).
- genital herpes increases the risk of HIV infection and makes both virus easier to transmit. In some African countries, about 70 percent of people have genital herpes virus, adding to the HIV / AIDS.
- 85 percent of people with genital herpes do not know they have the virus, because about 60 percent of infected people show no symptoms.
- People infected with genital herpes experience four to five outbreaks a year on average, but some only experience one to two outbreaks in the course of his entire life.
- People experiencing an outbreak of genital herpes active are at least double the chances of spreading the virus compared with those who are infected but show no symptoms. When an outbreak is not happening, there is a 4 percent to 10 percent chance of transmitting the virus.
genital herpes against other ulcers (genital warts, HPV, herpes zoster and blackheads)
Is herpes or something else? How can you know if sores / ulcers that have developed are related to HSV-1 or HSV-2 and not caused by other common conditions?
Genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). It is believed that there are more than 70 types of HPV, which is very common in both men and women and also very contagious. Like herpes, there is no definitive cure for HPV.
- Genital warts usually develop in the walls of the vagina or cervix of a woman in a man’s penis and near the base of the groin or anus. They can spread into the scrotum, thighs, lips, mouth, tongue, throat and hands. Most warts are white, and some have a high “top cauliflower.”
- As with herpes, warts or someone without visible symptoms you can still spread HPV. The virus can remain dormant for years before producing warts. Sometimes, in addition to warts, HPV symptoms may include abnormal odor vaginal or discharge, vaginal bleeding during sex, itching and moisture. Symptoms of warts usually take several weeks to heal completely.
- herpes zoster it is also caused by a virus that causes skin sores / bumps. The virus that causes shingles is called HHV3 (known as varicella zoster virus or VZV’s, which also causes chickenpox). In fact, there are eight types of human herpes virus (HHV): HSV1-, HSV-2 and HHV3 are three of the eight. VZV causes chickenpox first when someone becomes infected (usually as a child) and then can lie dormant in someone’s system until it causes shingles later in life. HHV3 can not become the cause genital herpes or herpes virus is distributed.
- Grains or other signs of acne can also form around the genitals and painful, but they are very different from genital herpes because they are not caused by a virus. Shins near the genitals can be caused by bacteria, an ingrown hair, a razor dirty razor when shaving or other irritation. Pimples are not contagious and usually disappear after about a week.
Precautions about genital herpes
- When it comes to preventing transmission of herpes, experts recommend thinking of “sex insurance “rather than” safe sex “. Sex is never completely safe, and condoms reduce the risk of transmission by 50 percent, but not 100 percent.
- Be sure to use a consistent protection, getting tested if suspected of having the virus and avoid having sex during outbreaks. Talk to your partner about any concerns, but remember that just because someone is absent of symptoms does not mean that the person is necessarily free of infection.
- Note that the acquisition of genital herpes does not mean they will suffer outbreaks throughout their lives. Many people do not.
- Use condoms for various reasons to prevent herpes (such as prevention of HIV transmission and pregnancy), and keep up with regular visits to the doctor for tests.
- If you have an outbreak that is very painful and is not resolved within two weeks, see a doctor check for other similar viruses.
Final Thoughts on genital herpes
- Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease common) caused by the HSV virus 2 or HSV-1, which causes outbreaks of sores or skin ulcers.
- The greatest risk of becoming infected with genital herpes is having unprotected sex, especially with someone who is experiencing an active outbreak.
- The herpes has no cure, but natural treatments can help control symptoms and reduce the pain of outbreaks. Treatments include practicing safe sex, taking antiviral herbs, increase immune function and heating the affected area to reduce pain.