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Ergonomics in the workplace

What is ergonomics?

Employees in this day and age drain blood and sweat at work. It is not an option, but an obligation to be the best at work in this fast-paced competitive world. This excess workload affects not only our minds but also our bodies!

While the psychological stress of performance work can leave adverse physical effects, leaching of our bodies force sometimes is indeed the physical environment of the workplace itself is the biggest aggressor one muscles. This is where ergonomics in the workplace comes in. Ergonomics is ideally a study of how the efficiency of people affected by their work environment.

Bad ergonomic work environments can be sent by very harmful to a person’s health and wellbeing.

The science of ergonomics focuses its efforts on designing products and systems for a workplace, paying due attention to the health and safety of workers. Screens, lighting, tools and work space are designed with the intent to minimize the inconvenience for employees.

Lesions can be caused due to poor workplace ergonomics

ergonomic deficient in the workplace can contribute to various physical problems. Like any other physical problems that are preceded by a buildup of stress As an employee works at least five days a week, no less than six hours a day, exposure to risk factors is constant, which makes the him / her more vulnerable to injury.

Ergonomics in the workplace Poor-Ergonomics

Ergonomic injuries occur mostly because of the positions that are static and awkward, and movement patterns that are repetitive and forceful. In addition to this, it is the lack of recovery or rest time, which is the complaint of all employees.

Only if it is genetically blessed with an incredibly strong set of bones and muscles, you can be safe from musculoskeletal injuries (MSI), also known as repetitive strain injuries (RSI).

MSI s are a group of agonizing injuries that target soft tissues – muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels and nerves. The transition of injury and damage is gradual.

Initially, the discomfort is mild and goes away with rest. This does not affect daily functioning. You will feel pain only when you are working. If we proceed from there to the next level, the daily functioning can simply start getting affected, however, the damage is reversible. If exposure to the risk factor continues its painful effects seep into the background of their daily functioning. At this stage, the damage is irreversible, especially with not very high potential for improvement. The sensation of pain is present even at rest. This is precisely what ergonomics in the workplace aims to avoid.

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low back pain and neck stiffness (tension neck syndrome) back seem to constantly occupy the highest point in the list of ergonomic injuries. The muscles and ligaments in your back may feel stiff with restricted range of constant motion. In severe scenarios, the discs may start to deviate from the normal position and put pressure on the nerves.

Inflammation, pain, tingling, numbness and restriction of movement can occur and persist even in the smallest region who are involved in their work. Even the index finger can be a victim. Here is a brief list of previous LER Category:

carpal tunnel syndrome :. Hands and wrists

Ergonomics in the workplace - Carpal-Tunnel-Syndrome
cysts node

Ergonomics in the workplace - Ganglion cyst

clumping in the elbow wrist tennis – sleeve elbowRotator – shoulders trigger finger – the index finger

DeQuervain disease base of the thumb. Office ergonomics:

Ergonomics in the workplace - DeQuervain’s Disease

office ergonomics not necessarily completely eliminate your chances of being affected by MSI, but certainly can minimize the risks .. A genetically person predisposed to musculoskeletal distress is already likely to develop poor posture and pain experience. Imagine the damage that your body will suffer when ergonomics in the workplace is not adequate.

neutral body position or simply “good posture ‘is a position of healthy working environment that minimizes the MSI. Adoption of good posture requires the help of ergonomics proper working. A good . posture or neutral is not simply standing or sitting up straight These are some of the characteristics of a good posture to be taken into account if you are pointing to it:

  • head and neck on shoulders. Only slightly bent, not hunched over.
  • shoulders should be relaxed but not slouched.
  • back should be straight, not too arched and must be compatible with the back of the chair. superior
  • arm close to the body, elbows bent between 90 and 120 degrees.
  • one placed horizontally and parallel to the group, at an angle of 90-110 degrees he was noted in the hip. the hip should be supported by a firm seat.
  • feet flat on the floor or footrest.

The idea of ​​a good posture includes making small adjustments and changes in posture or seat occasionally.

It is important to overcome the static posture from time to time, even for a moment.

Chairs:
The chairs are probably the first factor of attention when it comes to ergonomic work. A chair that fits the description of a ‘ ergonomic chair ‘ must have the capacity characteristics of height adjustment, seat depth and arm rest back. The width of the seat base should be appropriate to suit the height of the user. The seat and backrest must provide constant lumbar support. Ergonomics in the workplace ideally begins with optimum arrangements of rest.

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armrests:
The main job of the armrest is to reduce the tension in the shoulders. The surface of the armrest should not be difficult as continued friction with the elbow will prove to be uncomfortable.

Worktop:
The height of the work surface should be such that reaches the elbows. A lot of work surfaces may not be able height adjustment. In this case, adjust the height of the chair. The work surface should be equipped with a footrest that is wide and long enough to accommodate both feet. It must be large enough to accommodate work tools – monitor, keyboard, files, stationery and so on. The tools can be organized in terms of their need. Usual working tools should be placed closer to oneself for ease. A random arrangement, clumsy is not a good idea.

In this scenario, are as responsible for ergonomics in the workplace and your employer.

wrist posture:

If the height of the work surface reaches the elbow, the work surface is likely to allow you to maintain a position neutral wrist.

distance and location:
it is preferable to place the monitor at a distance of 60-90 cm. Placing the monitor too will cause back and neck strain bowing. A distance that allows you to maintain a neutral position is the correct distance to place the monitor.

stretching to avoid injury:
Stiffness is a common result of maintaining a static posture for long hours. It is not uncommon for anyone suffering from a pain in the neck or shoulders after a productive day at work. reception sections are simple exercises that do not involve complex movements. If your muscles are sore, these simple stretches can give you a sense of relief. One might feel a little awkward stretching on the desktop, but would only add a little humor.

Here are some common desktop sections that you and your coworkers can perform:

Ergonomics in the workplace - Shoulder-Rolls

Ergonomics in the workplaces

Ergonomics in the workplace - Torso-twists

  • front-rear and side room neck flexion

Ergonomics in the workplace -Forward-backward-and-side-ward-neck-bending

  • extensions leg and leg embraces

Ergonomics in the workplace - Knee-Hug Ergonomics in the workplace Leg-extensions

Ergonomics in the workplace - BigHug

(which is a stretching exercise, but it can be considered a form of self praise for stretching desk.

Ergonomics in the workplace - arm-cross-twists

would not be incorrect to say that the focus and investment in ergonomics in the workplace is indeed a movement smart of the organization poor ergonomics in the workplace is a slow toxin that feeds the disease. -. Propensity employees, leaving slow, debilitating effects on their bodies, which are mostly irreversible

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