Speaking of cancer, most women diagnosed with cancer are basically diagnosed with breast or skin cancer. In other words, breast cancer is the leading type of cancer in women worldwide.
As yet the real cause that triggers the development of this disease is unknown, any person is prone to this cancer. However, there are some factors that contribute to represent a higher risk.
Some of the contributing factors are obesity, hormone replacement during menopause, family history of breast cancer, ionizing radiation, physical inactivity, menstruation begin at an early age, exposure to radiation , having children later in life or not at all, and excessive alcohol consumption.
Although it is more common among women, men can also develop breast cancer
is a fact that women who receive mammograms on an annual basis are less likely to die of breast cancer compared to those who do not.
Although mammograms are not perfect every time, make it much easier to detect cancer at an early stage, which in turn allows both an effective and successful treatment.
is very important to be familiar with the warning signs and changes that may indicate breast cancer. Of course it is much better to have a false alarm that cancer screening is lost as soon as possible. Note the signs warning:
- changes in breast appearance
Any change in size or shape of their breasts is alarming. On the other hand, seek contraction, dimpling and recent asymmetry of the breasts.
Physical changes may be the result of a deep growth of breast tissue that affects their size or shape.
Taking into consideration the fact that these changes are more about the appearance of feeling, you may notice that simple booty in the mirror.
- Nipple discharge
Any nipple discharge, which occurs without any contact or breast compression is cause for concern. Any type of nipple discharge is warning sign of breast cancer, except breast milk.
Once the tumor starts in the milk ducts below or around the nipple, leading to infection and irritation which in turn leads to the download.
In the event that the nipple discharge, especially if bloody or clear a check immediately. Although it not necessarily has to be a sign of breast cancer, which can result from an infection or other condition that requires immediate treatment.
- sensitive nipples
Apart from nipple discharge, change in appearance and nipple sensitivity may also be indicators of cancer breast. Breast tumor often found under the nipple, causing changes in the appearance and feel of the nipple. It could become indented, flattened or inverted, and there may be an increased sensitivity.
As sensitive nipple and any change in the feel of the appearance of the skin in the nipple can be caused by mastitis or other reasons, it would be best to consult your doctor.
- lump in the breast or armpit
Having lump the breast or armpit is the first and most common indicator breast cancer. Packages are usually painless and hard, although in some cases can be painful. A lump in the armpit is hard or thick and dense compared to the armpit on the other side.
There is no need to panic if a lump is noticeable, as in most cases is not cancerous. Common causes of breast lumps are hormonal changes in the body, fat necrosis and breast infection.
However, be sure to consult your doctor if you notice suspicious lumps and in order to determine the cause.
- Itching in breasts
Although it is rare, of unknown cause itching in the breast area may be a breast cancer indicator. It may be a sign of inflammatory breast cancer, a type of cancer. As a result the tumor, the skin over the breast becomes inflamed, red, itchy and even painful.
The itching is intense and extreme, making you feel like scratching the skin. Regardless of how much you scratch or apply lotions, nothing can relieve itching.
Be sure to consult your physician immediately, should have an itchy skin and that simply can not reduce it.
- redness and swelling of the breasts
breast pain are generally regarded as premenstrual syndrome (PMS), while red breasts and hot it suspected to be a result of infection. swelling of the breasts, followed by redness and pain can be a sign of breast cancer.
Usually, the cause of chest pain and bloating is a tumor located below a breast tissue pushing on. Sometimes the swelling is most evident under the arm or below the collarbone.
is recommended to consult a doctor if the symptom lasts more than a week.
- Pain in the upper back, shoulders and neck
Once the tumor spreads to the spine, causing pain in the upper back, shoulders and neck. Very often people make this mistake and confuse pain with osteoarthritis of the spine, pulled a tendon or ligament and muscle pain. If the pain does not go away with a change position and stretch the muscles, it is very likely that the tumor is the cause.
If physical therapy doesn`t reduce pain in the back, shoulders and neck, have it checked by your doctor.
- chest pain or chest area
Having pang, pain or pain in the area of the breast or chest it can be an indicator of breast cancer. Mild electrical sensation or sharp pain that comes and goes may be a sign of breast cancer, and changes from one breast to the other.
What causes pain and discomfort in the chest or chest area is a tumor located directly behind the nipple or in one of the milk ducts.
Although pain in the area of the breast or chest is not always a warning sign of cancer and can be caused by other health problems, you still need treatment. Sometimes the chest pain can be triggered by stress, birth control pills, bras that do not fit well, and hormonal changes in the body.
Tips for reducing risk BREAST CANCER
- Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy
- Perform breast self-examination once every two months.
- avoid drinking too much alcohol.
- Consult your doctor about tests and other ways you can reduce your risk.
- enough sleep.
- Do not avoid breastfeeding their babies.
- maintain a healthy weight.
- Exercise regularly at least 30 minutes 5 days a week.
- Avoid exposure to chemicals that can cause cancer.