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Common Diseases in Old Age

Common diseases in old age

Old age is the most common and real for all human beings who make reality one day in the life of truth all at once. health problems associated with age that can be said diseases of old age are the complications of the aging process that can never be stopped however; It may be slower through proper care of the body, active lifestyle and a healthy diet. Some of the age-related diseases are atherosclerosis, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, kidney infections, cancer, osteoporosis, cataracts, type 2 diabetes, memory loss, hypertension, stroke and Alzheimer’s disease, etc. The frequency of occurrence of these diseases increases with the age of the person.

The appearance of such aging disease are more common among older people worldwide who are less active and generally do not receive proper care and diet throughout his life. List of some old age health problems listed below:

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a common brain disorder causes mental deterioration and affects the part of the brain that controls memory. People who are affected by this disease get problem with their emotional, intellectual and behavioral capabilities of the body. As age increases, the possibility that this disease increases about 1:20 after 60 years and 1: 5. After the age of 80. It is not known why it happens, but it happens when cells in the brain begin to die

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is a brain problem of old age and commonly lead to chronic neurological disorder that affects nerve cells in the brain that control muscle movements. It is caused due to the degeneration of the basal ganglia found in the brain and dopamine deficiency (a neurotransmitter). symptoms of tremor, loose movement, muscle rigidity is developed and etc. It is associated with.

brain problem

people in old age can develop some other problems such as brain shrinkage, dementia and atrophy in people with mild cognitive impairment during which people are affected by loss of memory and forgetting.

mental illness

The possibility that mental illness is increased in accordance with age due to depression, anxiety, irritability, sadness, dementia, inability to concentrate, confusion, schizophrenia and other reasons, etc. some mental illnesses are memory loss, suicidal thoughts, lack of adequate sleep, fatigue, lethargy and etc.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension is the most common old age problem caused by excessive pressure of blood against the walls of blood vessels it means arteries. measuring blood pressure increases from the normal value of 120/80 mmHg. It is called as the silent murderer, increasing day by day, if left unchecked and lead to death without clear symptoms. It also affects some other important body organs like kidneys, heart, eyes, etc., and generates symptoms of drowsiness, headache, confusion, nausea, loss of vision or blurred vision.

heart disorders and heart attack

During aging heart is enlarged and has a tendency to decrease its pumping action that causes less flexible and elastic blood vessels which in turn causes swelling of the feet, hypertension and heart failure. Heart disease or myocardial infarction occurs due to lack of supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart or a blood clot in the coronary arteries that blocks the normal blood supply to the heart. It usually occurs due to poor eating habits, anxiety, stress, lack of exercise and adequate sleep.


Stroke is also the problem of aging that occurs due to the lack of adequate supply of oxygenated blood and glucose to the brain that causes the death of brain cells. Sometimes it is also known as the cardiovascular accident that causes stroke and lead to loss of brain function. It is caused by the interruption of blood supply to the brain or rupture of blood vessel supplying blood to the brain.

Usually occurs in two types, such as ischemic and hemorrhagic. ischemic stroke type is caused due to sudden blockage of blood supply to the brain leading to brain damage and paralysis on one side of the body. Type hemorrhagic stroke is caused due to the sudden rupture of the artery that supplies blood to the brain leading or cerebral hemorrhage hemi paralysis and loss of function it means half body.


Sometimes aging occurs in the early stages of life, however, quickly becomes old age due to the inability of people to combat the harmful effects of free radicals. It can attack due to lack of antioxidants, vitamin E and strength of immunity. Symptoms of aging skin, hair loss, baldness and shrivel etc. It can be reduced by maintaining a healthy lifestyle from age.


People in old age are more vulnerable to cancer due to sedentary lifestyle, lack of proper diet, lack of happiness, higher stress level and goals. Among men age-old cancer of the prostate gland and colon cancer is more common among women, however, breast cancer is more common. Some more types of cancers that can occur during aging are skin, pancreas, lung, bladder, rectum, intestine, stomach, blood cancer, etc.


Diabetes is a disorder of old age health commonly caused due to metabolic disorders that lead to high levels of blood sugar. It affects the body’s natural ability to produce insulin or respond to insulin. Causes common symptoms of excessive thirst, increased frequency of urination, inability to get prevented infections, increased hunger, weight loss, fatigue, weakness, irritability, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, memory loss and etc.

Type 2 diabetes

is the disorder arises when the body loses its normal ability to use glucose absorbed from food digested. In type-2 diabetes produce enough insulin body however acquire strong resistance to it and the body becomes unable to process glucose throughout the body. Surge some new and chronic health problems such as heart attack, kidney disease, stroke, kidney failure, nerve damage, blindness, obesity and etc.


seniors are more prone to obesity (a condition of overweight) leading to some other chronic conditions such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, apnea (lack of sleep), cancer, osteoarthritis and etc. . obesity among seniors has been found to reduce life expectancy and a higher risk of physical and mental conditions. This occurs due to lack of mobility, hypertension, diabetic food, etc. unhealthy and

Prostate enlargement

BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia or benign prostate hypertrophy) is the most common type of problem of aging among men who usually described as the enlargement of the prostate gland due to functional imbalance. Causes common symptoms of problems during urination, interrupted urination, weak stream of urgency, leaking or dribbling of urine (incontinence), bladder or kidney damage, urge to urinate frequently, bladder stones, tract infections urinary, etc. and according to the condition. This can lead to medical conditions such as acute urinary retention.


Osteoporosis is a common condition of weak bone (due to lack of bone strength and proper bone density) in old age, which causes bones (hip, wrist, spine ) to break easily and leads to pain, back pain, disability, deformity, loss of independence and sense of wellbeing. This occurs due to lack of physical activity, hormonal changes, obesity, metabolic problems such as hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, vitamin D and calcium deficiency, stress and anxiety.


Arthritis is the most common problem of aging that causes inflammation, swelling, redness, pain and stiffness of joints that lead to limited movement of joints.

rheumatoid arthritis

arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is also a common problem in the synovial lining the joints become inflamed. It commonly affects the peripheral joints such as hands, fingers and toes and cause functional disability and pain.


It is the most common type of arthritis that varies from mild to very severe conditions. the breakdown of cartilage and bone joints affects greatly provoked. It may lead to permanent damage of the bone when rubbed together.


The cause of gout in old age is excessive accumulation of uric acid in some joints that lead to severe pain, warmth, tenderness, swelling, redness of the region of the joints, especially the big toe foot.

Eye Problems

common vision problems in later life are blurred vision, cataracts, macular degeneration related to age, glaucoma, blindness, diseases of the retina of the eye and etc. sometimes it happens disorders in old age are the complications of other health problems like diabetes, heart problems, kidney disorders and etc.

Skin problems

skin problem is the most common problem in old age, as it loses its elasticity as age grows and becomes what causes dry, inelastic and wrinkled itching and scratching and after mechanical injury and bacterial infections. skin problem in old age may occur due to the lack of a diet rich in antioxidants, proteins and vitamins so the skin loses its ability to fight skin damage due to UV rays, free radicals and aging .


Injury is the most possible health problem in old age due to lack of proper vision, hearing, bone and muscle strength, and etc. A common injury can lead to some health problems large heart, brain, fracture and loss of confidence and well-being. The reason for the injury can be a slippery surface, the loss of stability and balance, neglect, weak bone and body.

Kidney disease

Kidney diseases or disorders are more common in old age due to the inability of the natural functioning of the kidneys. It can be hereditary, physiological, congenital or acquired. It can be acute or chronic type, depending on the severity. kidney disorders in old age leads to kidney failure, cardiovascular problems and even death. It can be caused due to high blood pressure, abnormal weight, inactive lifestyle, smoking, snuff and chewing etc.


Incontinence is the common problem occurs in old age due to the loss of muscle control of the bladder urine involuntarily cause dripping. It can occur due to emotional distress, kidney disorders, paralysis, benign prostate hypertrophy.

Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders during the lead-old age some serious problems such as insomnia, apnea, movement disorders, loss of body balance, irritation, tension, stress, depression, etc.


Depression is a serious illness old age fall under the category of doctor of psychiatric disorders. It may occur due to the significant loss, unnecessary struggles of life, hopelessness, self-esteem and injuries, etc.

hearing loss

hearing problem is a common health problem in old age may be due to ear problem or complication of some chronic health disorders.

Respiratory Diseases

seniors are more prone to diseases of the lungs, as they are more vulnerable to infections because of low immunity. Some of the lung problems are curable through regular medication.

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

occurred due to the problem of the normal flow of air into and out of the lungs that leads to inflammation of the airways, thickening of the lining of the lung wall, excess mucus production in the ducts air and develops symptoms etc. chronic cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath. The common cause of this is the large exposure to airborne irritants (snuff, cigarette smoking, occupational or industrial pollutants).


During old age immunity of older persons becomes very low, which increases the probability of occurrence of tuberculosis however, can be prevented by regular use of an anti-TB treatment (mean treatment direct short-term or points) for the prescribed time period of observation. It can be caused due to low defenses, unhygienic practice, cross-infection with some people suffering from chronic tuberculosis, etc.


Pneumonia is the most common old age problem due to DNA damage. DNA damage in old age makes people more vulnerable to disease community acquired pneumonia as caused due to infection of the lungs. Causes common symptoms of shortness of breath, fever, chest pain, cough, weakness, fatigue, etc.


Anemia is the most common health problem in old age during which the body reduces its ability to produce hemoglobin due to lack of proper diet or physical activities or other disorders of the body.

Gastrointestinal disorders

Some most common gastrointestinal disorders in old age are stomach ulcers, abdominal swelling, diverticulosis (small pouches appears on the wall of the colon), inflammation of the colon (colitis), difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), diarrhea , constipation, hemorrhoids, bowel incontinence and etc.

teeth and gums

tooth and gum problems are more common in old age. The teeth and gums become very weak, inactive, brittle, dry, painful and bleeding, etc. In old age, tooth decay and infections, bad breath and tooth loss, gingivitis (gum inflammation) and glossitis (inflammation of the tongue) and etc they are more common.

Bowel and Bladder

during aging muscles volunteers lose bowel and bladder control and cause incontinence problems means passing stool or urine involuntarily.

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