Change the main city designs could reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes
encourage more people to cycle and walk among the tightest workplace and the home would have significant health benefits, researchers at the University of Melbourne said.
However, proponents argued that cycle more roads are needed to avoid potentially fatal accidents on busy roads. Experts said that the night before the idea could also reduce air pollution, reducing the risk of developing heart disease.
Our study shows that these changes to the city level could lead to real improvements for health
Professor Mark Stevenson, of the University of Melbourne, he said: “The effect of interventions that encourage cycling and walking was particularly evident in highly motorized cities like Melbourne, London and Boston, and highlights the importance of transport policies, pricing and regulation that encourage active transport through cycling, walking and public transport, while private car use daunting.
“These changes also need to be accompanied by improved pedestrian and cycling infrastructure to protect cyclists and pedestrians.
“Our study shows that these changes to the city level could lead to real improvements for health.” a team that generates London studio took one for every 13 percent reduction in heart disease and seven percent decrease in type 2 diabetes, when the distance to public transport was reduced by 30 percent and 10 percent of the population of the capital and walked on or more.
researchers designed a ‘compact model cities’ where the density of land use increased by 30 percent, the average distance to public transport was reduced by 30 percent, and shops, homes , offices and leisure facilities were all included closer together. It also increased the proportion of people living in those cities on foot or by bicycle by 10 percent.
The model was applied to London, Melbourne, Boston, Sao Paulo, Copenhagen and New Delhi. Heart disease was reduced further, according to the study, since the results suggest that increasing the number of people who exercise regularly
Maureen Talbot, Senior Cardiac Nurse at the British Heart Foundation, said :. “Many people say they have no time to exercise.” If you are looking at how to plan a city, which are fixed for transport connection for cars, trains, buses, but it makes sense to consider the infrastructure for cyclists and pedestrians.
“It would be beneficial.” Exercise conditions the heart and as it gets better, slow heart rate. It basically makes the heart more efficient. As a result, there is less demand to pump blood around the body and this reduces blood pressure.
“It will help people to maintain their weight and reduce the risk of developing diabetes, which are both linked to the development of heart disease.” Ms. Talbot also said it would reduce air pollution in major cities. He added: “There is evidence that air pollution exacerbates heart conditions
.” Definitely there are cities in the UK, where it is a problem “
researchers found that encourage people to cycle more would be beneficial to health
Helen Dickens, acting director of the Diabetes UK type 2 Diabetes Prevention, said: “we know that managing your weight, getting regular physical activity and a healthy diet can significantly reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, and walking and biking are great ways to build more activity into your daily life
“Planning in which we live for give people more opportunities to move can help people make healthier choices.
“There are a lot of changes we can all do now, and we recommend that people find practical ways to stay asset so enjoyed “
professor Billie Giles-Corti, also of the University of Melbourne, said:” .. urban planning should be part of a comprehensive solution to address adverse health outcomes
However, proponents have argued that more bike lanes are needed to prevent fatal accidents
“was key to reducing outbreaks of infectious diseases in the 19th century by sanitation, housing and separation of residential and industrial areas.
“Today, there is a real opportunity for city planning to reduce noncommunicable diseases and injuries in road illnesses and to promote health and well-being”
Simon Munk defender infrastructure at the London cycling Campaign, said:.. “If you look at the cities where most people are cycling and the proportion of journeys that are made for cycling, which involves some forms of infrastructure
‘There is evidence that pollution aggravates the condition of the heart, “said Ms. Talbot
“need a network of routes that are safe and feel safe. We need routes that are directly and go from one place to another.”
argued that they should be separated from the main traffic, but following the main routes of the city.
The study was published in The Lancet and launched at the UN General Assembly in New York.