men who provide most of the income of his family suffer a blow to their health and psychological well-being, new research has found.
The data collected over 15 years from a group of men and women in heterosexual marriages men showed levels of health and happiness decreased when they took greater financial responsibility for their partners.
This could be due to the psychological impact of entrenched gender roles, Christin Munsch, a sociologist at the University of Connecticut, who led the study, said The Independent .
“The psychological experience of being a bra for men and women is very different. Men do not get brownie points for being breadwinners, is only the status quo,” he said.
“If they lose that, it has been seen as an emasculating thing wrong -. You are more likely to ridicule from peers who say that his wife wears the pants in the family, that sort of thing
However, when women were the main source of income, their psychological well-being improved.
“for women, being a breadwinner is no expectation, so when you are one breadwinner, people look at that. And if that is lost, do not become a loser, it’s just the status quo. “
Mrs. Munsch study examined responses from 3,176 married people aged 18-32 in the 1997-2011 Survey national Longitudinal Youth.
the sample was chosen to represent a cross section of the population of the United States.
the psychological well-being was measured through questions on happiness, anxiety and depression, such as “how often feel so depressed that nothing could pick it up?” or “how often do you feel happy?” said Mrs. Munsch.
the answers to these questions as well as research on the subject’s health were then analyzed in relation to the partner or partners he led most of the family income.
scores wellness Men took a 5 percent dip and declining health scores a 3.5 percent were when the primary breadwinner instead of taking an equal role in ensuring financial stability of the family.
“I was surprised not to find that men have these falls in psychological well-being and health when they are the breadwinners, but it was different for women,” said Mrs. Munsch.
The assistant professor of sociology said she and her team had carefully considered a number of variables such as the amount of money the couple formed in total, to ensure the validity of its conclusions.
came to the conclusion financial inequality among participants was an important psychological impact of making the bread of men reason.
“There is an element of food vendors is stressful, but it’s just having health consequences because there is something in you doing your partner a lot and do a lot,” he said.
“This is not absolute income, this is how you are responsible for the standard of living of your family.”
The study reaches more than 40 years after the publication of The Feminine Mystique Betty Friedan, feminist study influential in the widespread unhappiness among housewives.
This study shows that after rigid gender roles in heterosexual marriages have a negative impact on men and women, said Ms. Munsch.
“People think that gender roles are super barricaded, and in some respects they are, but for most men and history women have worked together, and there has not been a housewife and model breadwinners, “she said.
“I think it’s entirely possible to eradicate these expectations.”
And, according to other sociological studies, things may be changing.
“Young reported in all areas who want to be in egalitarian relationships where both partners contribute equally, economically and make childcare and domestic responsibility,” said Mrs. Munsch.
“Given what they want, men and women are making these career decisions that are not aligned with their preferences.”
The research was presented at a conference of the American Sociological Association in Seattle.