Bed bugs are small reddish brown insects that often live in furniture or bedding. But it can also be found in other crevices, such as in objects under the bed and under the carpet. They bite the exposed skin of sleeping humans and animals to feed on their blood. According to the NHS, there are three main ways to avoid bed bugs.
The health agency recommends taking the following three steps:
Contact your local council or the pest control service: it is unlikely that you can get rid of the bugs yourself, as they may be resistant to some insecticides.
Wash affected bedding and clothing: use a hot wash (60 ° C) or dry dry in a warm place for at least 30 minutes
Place the affected clothing and bedding in a plastic bag and place it in the freezer (-16 ° C) for four days (alternative to hot washing)
Clean and vacuum regularly: Bedbugs are in clean, dirty places, but regular cleaning will help detect them early
"A complete aspiration of cracks and cracks can physically eliminate the bugs from an area.
"Empty the vacuum after each use," Mayo Clinic added.
It is also important to be aware of the triggers. According to the Mayo Clinic, there are several ways to prevent an infestation, including:
Second hand items – Carefully inspect used bedding and upholstered furniture before bringing them into your home.
Hotel precautions – Check the seams of the mattress to see if there is bed bug dung and place your luggage on tables or dressers instead of on the floor.
Birds and bats – Eliminate any neighboring habitat of birds and bats that can serve as a refuge for bed bugs.
The NHS also recommends keeping the area around and under your bed free of clutter.
Bedbugs tend to make their presence known. Typical signs include bites of people exposed to sleep, such as the face, neck and arms, blood stains on the bedding, either from the pieces or crushing a bug, or small brown spots on the bedding or on the furniture (poop of bedbugs).
A sting should not pose any health problem, but some people may have a reaction, the NHS said. This can cause a lot of itching in the area and there may be a panic swelling.
Bed bug bites usually clear up on their own in about a week. To soothe any symptoms, the health body recommends applying something cool, such as a clean, damp cloth on the affected area to help with itching and swelling.
It also recommends keeping the affected area clean and avoiding scratching, as it could aggravate the bite and cause an infection.
"Antihistamines can help if the bites sting a lot and you can not sleep," he added.
A skin cream containing hydrocortisone (Cortaid) can also speed recovery, the Mayo Clinic said.