The thyroid gland plays an essential role in the body, and thyroid hormone is responsible for regulating metabolism, growth and energy of the body.
However, issues related to the work of this gland are common. That is, low or high activity leads to diseases such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
is vital to know all about these terms, symptoms, causes and treatments in order to successfully prevent health problems. According to statistics, 1 in every 20 people is likely to develop some form of thyroid problems in your life. Moreover, women are more likely to develop these diseases.
Hypothyroidism vs hyperthyroidism
These two health problems are a result of thyroid hormone imbalance. Its production should not be deficient or excessive, in order to prevent hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is the result of a deficiency of thyroid hormone in the body. In the case of hypothyroidism, the individual experiences the following symptoms :. Cramps, muscle aches, dry skin, difficulty in concentration, excess fluid in the tissues, thinning hair, fatigue, and sensitivity to low temperatures
By contrast, hyperthyroidism occurs in the case of excessive production of this hormone and leads to symptoms such as rapid heart rate, diarrhea, irritability, anxiety, unexplained weight loss, problems, nervousness and sensitivity hot to sleep.
In some cases, when the thyroid gland works too hard, causing the formation of a large lump in the throat, as a symptom of iodine deficiency, and is called goiter.
However, his lifestyle is a decisive influence on the incidence of these diseases. That is, the most important triggers are:
- Iodine deficiency
- The accumulation of toxins
- accumulation of metals
- Chronic stress
In addition, conditions such as toxic adenomas, thyroiditis, or Graves disease can cause the onset of hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, while it may be triggered by excessive exposure to iodine or lithium, removal of the thyroid or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis .
Prevention and treatment
- adequate nutrition
Your diet is of fundamental importance in addressing these issues. Therefore, avoid or reduce the intake of sugar, processed foods and refined flours, and increase the intake of iodine, zinc, omega-3 fatty acids and selenium, as they promote thyroid health.
Regular exercise supports thyroid function, so it can help substantially rebalance the production of this hormone.
- Stress management
Prolonged stress causes adrenal exhaustion leads to problems related to the thyroid. Therefore, you should participate in some activities of relaxation and stress management programs, such as meditation, yoga, nature walks or breathing exercises that will significantly reduce the stress and provide calm and tranquility.
- Heat therapy
thyroid problems can also be treated with heat therapy session or sauna, as these methods of detoxifying the body and eliminate toxins that lead to thyroid problems.
- nutritional supplements
Before you decide to use some alternative products to address these issues, you need to consult your physician or holistic practitioner. However, one can find many effective products to maintain proper thyroid metabolism.
- Thyroid hormones
In order to treat or prevent these problems and to support thyroid health, your doctor can give you information on any replacement therapy effective thyroid hormone.
- preventing thyroid problems by preventing their causes
In order to successfully prevent thyroid problems, it is necessary to prevent major causes of their appearance. Therefore, it reduces stress and treat allergies, heavy metals and nutritional deficiencies in time. Moreover, you should avoid dairy products and gluten, which cause digestive discomfort.