In 1993, environmental activist Erin Brockovich, though! not to be!
Erin case against PG & E stated that the contamination of drinking water, saying dangerous cancer-causing substance hexavalent -. or chromium-6 -existed City Southern California Hinkley
Chromium-6 is a natural toxin that is also manufactured for use in the manufacture of steel, chrome, dyes and pigments, leather and wood manufacturing, among other preservatives. It is a dangerous substance for humans. A study by the National Toxicology Program 2008 found that mice and rats who took the developed stomach mixed-chromium-6 water and intestinal tumors. This led to the Environmental Protection Agency US (EPA) to classify oral exposure to chromium-6 as likely to be carcinogenic, in a draft risk assessment.
In the center of the case Erin was a center, the compression station Hinkley, built in 1952 as part of a natural gas pipeline that connects the area of the Bay San Francisco. The wastewater was discharged to unlined ponds at the site, and some percolated into the groundwater, affecting an area close to the plant, about 2 1 mile.
In 1996, the case was settled for $ 333 million, the largest settlement ever paid in a direct action lawsuit in US history. This brought fame to Erin, and since then has become a media personality, documenting their stories in movies and books.
However, 20 years after the case was settled, now it has become a new study that the hazardous substance Erin fought is in drinking water all 50 states of the United States .
on September 19, 2016, figures released by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) showed that approximately 218 million Americans have been exposed to hazardous chromium-6 substance through its water potable.
According to EWG, more than 75% of water samples gathered 60,000 between 2013 and 2015, containing chromium-6 levels above 0.02 parts per billion. State scientists say California is 0.02 threshold where chromium-6 presents a risk of cancer over 70 years of consumption begins.
EWG revealed that the state with the greatest amount of chromium-6 in its water, is Phoenix. It is said Phoenix has almost 400 times the amount that Californians agree on the objective scientific health.
Below is a graphic information released by EWG, showing the most affected areas of the United States, part of the dangerous substance is shown.
After EWG published this report demining, Erin said Newsweek in an interview that he never knew was so widespread poisoning. “This is quite shocking, to be honest,” said.
EWG is now pressuring the EPA to set new standards for chromium-6. EWG is again funding six universities in the United States, to work with local communities to better understand the economic value of water quality.
The co-author of the EWG report, Bill Walker said CNN that American society today is being poisoned with all kinds of hazardous substances both in its food and water.
“Americans are exposed to dozens if not hundreds of other cancer-causing chemicals every day in the drinking water, consumer products and food. And what is the best science last decade tells us is that these chemicals that act in combination with each other can be more dangerous than exposure to a single chemical, “ said.
water intoxication in the United States dominated the media earlier this year, only after it became known in the city of Michigan Flint, the city water has been contaminated with lead, after a change of supplier occurred in 2014.
Flint had changed the water system to Flint Detroit river, which leads to corrosion Flint river water main cause of aging pipes leach into the water supply. Officials changed water system of the city, claiming to save money. According to residents, despite the overwhelming evidence that water had been contaminated with lead, municipal and state authorities continued to argue that there was nothing wrong with it.
About 100,000 people in poor, mostly black city, were exposed to high levels of lead. Health experts say that exposure to lead can cause disabilities and behavioral problems in children. During the worst period of the crisis, residents relied heavily on bottled water, which was donated by individuals and charities.