This may not be a big surprise for environmentalists, but that does not make the results of Organization World Health report less disturbing. Most of us are aware of risks of air pollution to human health and welfare, but the impact is much greater than we imagine, as the WHO says that 90 percent of the world population breathe poor air quality , resulting in more than 6 million deaths every year!
Air Pollution a public growing health crisis
“92 percent of the world’s population live in places where levels of air quality exceed the limits of WHO “
problem with poor air quality is more widespread in the cities, but the increasing urbanization and a shift of population to urban centers around the world has shown a greater segment of the population to diseases of lifestyle and health risks associated with air pollution. Another study published earlier this year showed that air pollution is also linked to the increasing incidence of cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of death in India and many other parts of the world. What is worrying is that researchers point out that the current air quality in rural areas is not really much better than in urban areas. The report, data gathered across 3,000 sites worldwide, found that “92 percent of the world population lives in places where air quality levels exceed WHO limits.”
The report focuses mainly on the levels of airborne particles, with toxins such as sulfate and black carbon that can enter the lungs and also affect the cardiovascular system. This increases the risk not only of disorders and respiratory diseases such as COPD, but also raises the risk of heart disease and stroke .
How to air pollution impacts on quality of life
“ninety percent of deaths related to air pollution occur in low- and middle-income “
According to Maria Neira, head of the department of public health and environment WHO,” it is a public health emergency. ” it is estimated that the combined effects of air pollution indoor and outdoor kill more than 6 million people a year, being the clearest data regarding outdoor air pollution. However, indoor air pollution is a major threat, especially in developing countries and rural societies, where solid fuels such as wood and coal for heating and cooking are used. In fact, 90 percent of deaths related to air pollution occur in low- and middle-income countries. This has a dramatic impact on quality of life, since the cost of medical care arising from air pollution-related ailments takes a huge toll on societies that are already poor.
Unlike diseases spread through infection or contagion, there is also a limit to what you can do to avoid health risks of air pollution. According to the coordinator of the Department of Public Health and Environment WHO, Carlos Dora strategies to protect against air pollution they are limited in effectiveness, so improving air quality absolutely essential. The WHO report found that the masks are ineffective in filtering pollutants in dry air, while staying home on days when levels of air pollution are particularly high also does little to offset the risk of living in such conditions as it still is breathing polluted air over a prolonged period.
These results highlight the importance of government initiatives to reduce emissions by adopting and promoting green practices and more environmentally friendly methods of commuting, waste management, and kitchen.
September 29, 2016