You might think that you have left acne as a teenager or maybe you have been lucky enough to skip the stage completely, but if you are starting to suffer with adult acne, do not worry, it is completely normal!
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Although it is common, it can be very difficult to get rid of it, to find out everything we need to know about adult acne and how to treat it, we talk to Daniel Glass, leading dermatologist at the Dermatology Clinic, Sara Elizabeth, a leading esthetician at the beauty studio and wellness Young LDN and Sally Penford, director of education at Dermalogica,
We explained the different types of acne, why it is common to have acne in adulthood and how to get rid of it.
What is adult acne?
Sally told us that adult acne usually falls into two categories: persistent acne or late onset acne.
"Adults with persistent acne are experiencing a continuation or relapse of acne from adolescence to adulthood and middle age," he explained. "Whereas, late-onset acne can happen to anyone, regardless of the preconditions of acne during adolescence"
Daniel explained that P. acnes is a bacterium that lives on everyone's skin, but those with elevated levels tend to experience acne. It is a complex condition that, according to Daniel, can be caused by many different factors, including genetic, bacterial and environmental factors.
Sally agreed and noted that late onset acne is more common in women, as outbreaks often cause inflammation of the skin and occur along the chin and jaw, the sides of the neck and even the chest.
What are the treatments for acne?
Sara told us that when it comes to treating acne it all depends on the person.
"The treatment will have to be tailored specifically to the needs of an individual. In general, a combination of exfoliation and soothing hydration will be used," he said.
He added: "The treatments vary from a mild chemical peel, an extraction with LED therapy, a laser treatment and, finally, a micro puncture to remove any remaining acne scars."
Sally said that one of the top priorities when treating acne is to control the P. acnes bacteria on the skin, as well as reduce excess sebum to stop the flowering of the bacteria.
What products should you use for acne?
"When selecting acne products, you should consider both the treatment aspect and the exfoliating aspect," Sara said.
She warned: "But equally, the use of too many aggressive products will create a secondary problem of dehydration. Therefore, treatment ingredients such as salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide should be combined with soothing and moisturizing ingredients such as botanical ingredients and hyaluronic acid. ".
"Salicylic acid is excellent because it not only exfoliates blockages, but also fights bacteria to reduce breakouts and achieve clearer skin," Sally said.
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While the treatment depends on the person, Sally said it is important to maintain a good skin care routine even when the acne is not swelling.
"Adults with break-prone skin need an oil-based cleanser to remove surface dirt and makeup, followed by a skin pH cleanser that will give a deep cleansing of the skin without drying out excessively," Sally said.
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She suggests continuing with a serum made specifically to attack the outbreaks and then a light moisturizer with SPF.
What should you be avoiding when you have acne?
"When acne is treated, it is important to allow the skin to breathe," Sara said.
"The P. acne bacteria cannot survive with oxygen, therefore avoid caking with heavy moisturizers and fat-rich products. The most important thing is to evaluate your makeup, it is the only way to break the vicious circle," he advised.
Sally suggests avoiding the ingredient myristate, which often makes the products feel silky but can cause skin congestion.
How to get rid of acne scars?
"Acne can be an emotional test, even when the outbreaks have subsided, the scars can be a constant reminder," Sara said.
Sally explained: "True scars occur in the dermis (a deep layer inside the skin) and leave a notch in the skin. If it has been present for some time, it becomes more difficult to treat and would require technological treatments such as LEDs, laser or dermabrasion. "
Sara agreed and recommends a combination of microneedles, laser rejuvenation and chemical peels or exfoliations to help reduce scars.
He also suggested using products containing vitamin A, such as retinol, as they will accelerate the skin's natural rejuvenation cycle, which will help the scars fade away.
"The scars can also come in the form of pigmentation: kojic acid and alpha arbutin are key to helping mitigate these types of scars," Sara added.
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There you have it, try these expert tips to fight acne and get rid of scars forever!