Apple cider vinegar is a natural tonic. It has several health benefits that are supported by scientific studies in humans. However, people have also expressed concern about their safety and possible side effects.
This article takes a look at the potential of apple cider vinegar side effects. It also provides instructions on how to consume apple cider vinegar safely.
What is apple cider vinegar?
Apple cider vinegar is made by combining apples with yeast.
l yeast converts sugar into alcohol apples. Bacteria to the mixture, fermenting alcohol in acetic acid ( 1 ) are then added.
Acetic acid constitutes about 5-6% of apple cider vinegar. It is classified as a “weak acid”, but still has quite strong acidic properties when concentrated.
Besides acetic acid, vinegar and water containing trace amounts of other acids, vitamins and minerals ( 1 ).
Several studies in animals and humans have found that acetic acid and apple cider vinegar can promote fat burning and weight loss reduce levels of blood sugar increase insulin sensitivity and improve cholesterol levels ( 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ).
ottom Line: apple cider vinegar is made from acetic acid, which can provide health benefits. These include weight loss, reduce blood sugar and cholesterol levels healthy.
7 Side Effects of Apple cider vinegar
Unfortunately, the apple cider vinegar has been reported to cause some side effects.
This is particularly true in large doses.
although small amounts are generally very good and healthy, taking too much can be harmful and even dangerous.
1. Delayed gastric emptying
However, this effect may worsen the symptoms of gastroparesis, a condition common in people with type 1 diabetes
In gastroparesis, the nerves in the stomach does not work properly, so the food stays in the stomach too long and not discharged at a normal pace.
Symptoms of gastroparesis include heartburn, swelling and nausea. For type 1 diabetics with gastroparesis, the timing of insulin with meals is very challenging because it is difficult to predict how long it will take food to be digested and absorbed.
In a controlled study looked at 10 patients with type 1 diabetes and gastroparesis.
Conclusion: apple vinegar has been shown to delay the rate at which food leaves the stomach. This may worsen the symptoms of gastroparesis and to control blood sugar more difficult for people with type 1 diabetes
2. digestive side effects
Apple cider vinegar can cause unpleasant digestive symptoms in some people.
Studies in humans and animals have found that vinegar apple cider and acetic acid can decrease appetite and increases the feeling of satiety, leading to a natural reduction in calorie intake ( 11 12 13 ).
However, a controlled study suggests that, in some cases, appetite and food intake may decrease due to indigestion.
People who consumed a drink containing 25 grams (0.88 ounces) apple cider vinegar reported less appetite, but also significantly greater feeling of nausea, especially when vinegar was part of a drink unpalatable ( 14 ).
Conclusion :. Apple cider vinegar can help reduce appetite but can also cause feelings of nausea, especially when consumed as part of a drink with a bad taste
3. Low potassium levels and bone loss
There are no controlled studies on the effects of apple cider vinegar in potassium levels in the blood and bone health at this time.
However, there is a case report of low potassium in the blood and bone loss was attributed to large doses of apple cider vinegar is taken over a long period of time.
A woman of 28 years old consume 8 oz (250 ml) of apple cider vinegar diluted in water on a daily basis for six years.
She was admitted to hospital with low potassium and other abnormalities in blood chemistry ( 15 ).
What’s more, she was diagnosed osteoporosis a disease of brittle bone that is rarely seen in young people.
Physicians who treat women believe that large daily doses of apple cider vinegar took minerals leached from your bones to buffer the acidity of the blood.
also they found that high levels of acid can reduce the formation of new bone.
Of course, the amount of vinegar apple cider, in this case, it was much more than most people consume in a single day – well, she did this every day for many years
Conclusion :. There is a case report of low potassium levels and osteoporosis probably caused by excessive consumption of apple cider vinegar
4. The erosion of tooth enamel
foods and acidic beverages have been shown to damage tooth enamel ( 16 ).
Soft drinks and fruit juices have been most extensively studied, but some research shows that the acetic acid in vinegar can also damage tooth enamel.
Importantly, this study was conducted in a laboratory and not in the mouth, where saliva helps buffer acidity. However, there is some evidence that large amounts of vinegar can cause dental erosion.
Conclusion :. Acetic acid in vinegar can weaken tooth enamel and lead to loss of minerals and tooth decay
5. throat burns
Apple cider vinegar has the potential to cause burns esophageal (throat).
A review of noxious liquids accidentally ingested by children found that acetic acid in vinegar was the most common cause acid burns the throat.
The researchers recommended vinegar be considered a “strong caustic substance” and kept in childproof containers ( 19 ).
There are no reported cases of throat burning apple cider vinegar itself.
However, a case report found that a tablet apple cider vinegar burns caused after becoming lodged in the throat of a woman. The woman said she experienced pain and difficulty swallow for six months after the incident ( 20 ).
Conclusion: acetic acid Throat apple cider vinegar has caused burns in children. A woman with experience throat burns after a tablet apple cider vinegar became lodged in the esophagus.
6. Burning Skin
Due to its strong acid nature, apple cider vinegar can also cause burns when applied to the skin.
In one case, a 14-year-old developed erosions in the nose after applying several drops of vinegar apple cider to remove two moles, based on a protocol that had seen on the Internet ( 21 ).
In another, a 6-year-old with multiple problems developed health burns on his legs after his mother treated his leg infection with apple cider vinegar ( 22 ).
There are also several topical line burns apple cider vinegar to the skin anecdotal reports.
Conclusion :. have been reported cases of skin burns that occurs in response to treatment moles and infections with apple cider vinegar
7. Drug interaction
A few medicines may interact with apple cider vinegar:
- Diabetes Medications :. People taking insulin or insulin stimulating drugs and vinegar may experience dangerously low levels of blood sugar or potassium
- Digoxin (Lanoxin): This drug reduces levels of potassium in the blood. If taken in combination with apple cider vinegar could reduce excess potassium.
- Certain drugs diuretics: Some diuretic medications cause the body to excrete potassium. To prevent potassium levels get too low, these drugs should not be consumed with large amounts of vinegar.
Conclusion :. Some medicines may interact with apple cider vinegar, including insulin, digoxin, diuretics and certain
How consume apple cider vinegar safely
Most people can safely consume reasonable amounts of apple cider vinegar following these general guidelines:
- Limit your intake :. Start with a smaller amount and gradually work up to 2 tablespoons (30 ml) per day, depending on your personal tolerance
- minimize exposure of teeth to acetic acid :. Try to dilute the vinegar in water and drink through a straw
- Rinse your mouth: Rinse with water after taking it. To prevent further damage enamel, wait at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth.
- consider avoiding it if you have gastroparesis :. Avoid apple cider vinegar or limit the amount to 1 teaspoon (5 ml) in water or salad dressing
- Be aware of allergies :. allergies apple cider vinegar are rare, but they stop taking immediately if you experience an allergic reaction
Conclusion :. consume apple cider vinegar safely, limit your daily intake, dilute it and avoid it if you have certain conditions
Take Home Message
Apple cider vinegar can provide health benefits.
However, to maintain security and prevent side effects, it is important to control the amount you eat and be careful how you take it.
While a small amount of vinegar is good, more is not better and may even be harmful.
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apple cider vinegar is a natural tonic. It has several health benefits that are supported by scientific studies in humans. However, people have also expressed concern about their safety and possible side effects.
This article takes a look at the potential of apple cider vinegar side effects. It also provides instructions on how to eat …