common headaches are part of the normal human experience and there are many ways to get rid of a sore head fast. Headaches that are severe, persistent or associated with other symptoms can be a sign of other health problems. While most headaches are completely harmless, there are several important types to consider.
The brain itself is insensitive to pain. The headache occurs either in the tissues lining the brain, attaching structures at the base of the brain or muscles and blood vessels around the scalp, face and neck.
A primary headache is one when an illness or other medical condition does not cause it.
Secondary headaches are caused by other medical conditions, such as sinus infection, neck injuries or abnormalities, and stroke. Approximately 2% of headaches are secondary headaches caused by abnormalities or infections in the nasal passages or sinusitis.
In this article we look at six common types of headaches …
Types of headaches
ATM headache (temporomandibular joint) is caused by clenching or grinding teeth (usually during sleep), or abnormalities own jaw joints.
The diagnosis is easy if chewing causes pain or if the jaw movement is restricted or noisy.
TMJ pain may occur in the ears, cheeks, temples, neck or shoulders.
Many primary headaches, including migraine are misdiagnosed as sinus headache. Sinus headaches can occur in the front of the face, usually around the eyes, cheeks, or forehead.
They usually are mild in the morning and increase during the day and usually accompanied by fever, runny nose, congestion, and general weakness.
Sinus headaches are spread over a larger area of the migraine headache, but it is often difficult to tell them apart, especially if the headache is the only symptom of sinusitis; even they coexist in many cases.
Often, visual changes associated with migraine can be ruled sinusitis, but such visual changes do not occur with all migraines.
Cluster headaches are among the most painful of all headaches. The firm is a pattern of periodic cycles of headache attacks, which can be episodic or chronic. (It should be noted that a significant percentage of people who experience a first cluster attack do not have another.) Between 80% and 90% of these patients with headache they have cycles episodic cluster headache. Such patients experience cycles daily or near daily attacks that can last from one week to one year. During an active cycle, patients may experience one or more episodes a day, or only once every two days.
The attacks themselves are usually brief but extremely painful. These cycles are followed by free periods headache lasting at least fourteen days. About 10% of patients with cluster headaches have a chronic form, lasting more than a year and remissions lasting less than 14 days. About 10% of patients experience premonitory symptoms called night to 8 weeks before a cluster headache attack. They may include fatigue, neck pain, stiffness, strange sensations in the extremities, extreme sensitivity in the area where will develop headache. When the actual attack occurs, symptoms usually increase rapidly (in about 15 minutes) at intense levels.
People often wake with them a few hours after they go to bed. The very severe, stinging attack typically causes or boring pain centered in one eye. Pain can also occur above the eye, near the temples, or one side of the head. They may occur migraine-like symptoms (sensitivity to light and sound, auras and rarely, nausea and vomiting). Women have a higher risk of nausea and vomiting than men. Capsaicin based nasal sprays have been found to be very effective for cluster headaches.
Tension headache (also called headache muscle contraction) is the most common of all headaches. Tension headache is often experienced in the forehead, the back of the head and neck, or in both regions. It is commonly described as a tight feeling, as if the head were in a vise.
Pain in shoulders or neck is common.
Victims of headaches are tension-type light-sensitive than the general population, even between attacks. They may also suffer from visual disturbances. (None of these symptoms is as intense as in people with migraine. Tension headaches also do not cause nausea or limit activities as much as they do migraines.) Tension headaches can last from minutes to days.