In the last couple of decades, both in the medical community and cancer of the media has become very present, especially because of its aggressive and very difficult to treat symptoms. However, because of where it is and its taboo status among the population of anal cancer is a form of cancer that is usually overlooked.
What is anal cancer?
At the opening of the rectum begins anal cancer, also known as the anus and is not very common. Usually it overlooked and people may experience some of the symptoms associated with this type of cancer is uncomfortable to discuss with your doctor because this type of cancer is mostly associated with dirt or sex.
Anal cancer is different from colorectal cancer. Throughout the rectum and large intestine has an effect of colorectal cancer and anal cancer only affects the opening of the rectum.
with anal cancer each year, about 8,000 Americans get diagnosed and an estimated 1,000 of them are likely to die. After its spread to lymph nodes near one of every four people with anal cancer is diagnosed and one in ten people suffer is diagnosed when it has spread to other organs. The number of people suffering from anal cancer is increasing steadily although not as common as colorectal, cancer of the colon or rectum and the reason for this may be that is not treated in its early stages.
Symptoms of anal cancer
to detect anal cancer in its early stages is very important, however, it can be difficult because symptoms are not always present. However, there are a number of symptoms if the cancer progresses, including:
- Itching in the anus
- Tenderness or pain in the anus
- unusual bowel movements
- Anal bleeding
- unusual discharge from the anus
- Presence of a hard area or a lump near the anus
is not specific in most cases causes anal cancer, but some of the factors contributing to compromised immune system, smoking, anus and irritation are common. The age group most affected are adults older than 60 years. Also likely to develop colon cancer are men under 35 and women over 60 years old
How to detect cancer in its early stage
If the chances of successfully overcoming cancer are higher is detected in the early stages. There are a number of procedures that can be done that can detect cancer, including:
digital rectal exam :. For any abnormality and lumps a doctor examines the anal cavity with your fingers after putting a lubricated glove during this test
Anoscopy : In order to get a fuller look inside the anus during this test, the doctor places an anoscope, which is a small tubular instrument into his anus. If the doctor finds something during the digital rectal exam this test is carried out usually.
PET scans, MRIs, CT scans, X-rays, ultrasounds and biopsy procedures are commonly used for the detection of anal cancer. However, there are a number of people who claim they can cause or spread cancer and found these controversial tests.