Although testicular cancer is becoming a health problem more common, most people still do not want to talk about this issue, mainly due to embarrassment. However, we decided to break the “taboo” because it is very important for all men to learn more about this disease.
It is estimated that around 8,720 men in the United States will be diagnosed with testicular cancer in 2016. The average age of diagnosis is only 33. usually the first sign of testicular cancer is a change in the size or shape of one or both testicles. In most cases, this change does not cause pain.
Most health professionals recommend that men between the ages of 15 and 40 should be regular testicular self-examination. The self-check will lead to early detection, and is especially important for those who have undescended testes or family history of testicular cancer
How to do testicular cancer self-exam :. Keep your penis out of the way and check one testicle at a time. Hold the testicle between the thumbs and fingers of both hands and gently rolled between your fingers to see if there any lumps or bumps or changes in the size and shape of the testicles.
Here are the most common symptoms of testicular cancer:
Swelling and / or lump in one or both testicles. You may or may not have pain in the testicles or scrotum.
A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
A pain or pressure in the lower abdomen or groin.
In rare cases, germ cell tumors can cause breast growth or pain. Some cell tumors can produce estrogen, which can lead to breast growth or loss of sexual appetite
precocious puberty in :. Some tumor cells can make androgens (male sex hormones), which may not cause symptoms in men, but in children can cause symptoms of puberty at an early age (as a voice and facial hair growth and body depth)
1. It is normal for one testicle is slightly larger than the other
2. It is also normal for one testicle hangs lower than the other.
SYMPTOMS OF CANCER Testicular at later stages:
advanced stage of testicular cancer is when the cancer has spread to other organs. Symptoms depend on the parties concerned. Some of the symptoms of testicular cancer in late stage are:
Severe pain in the lower abdomen back and that occurs as a result of the spread of cancer to lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen
Constant. lack of energy, sweating for no reason, recurrent fever, and frequent feeling of illness
Shortness of breath, coughing and chest pain :. In some cases, coughing up blood may develop if the cancer has spread to the lungs.
frequent headaches or confusion :. When the cancer has spread to the brain
belly pain :. is produced from either or enlarged lymph nodes because the cancer has spread to the liver
IMPORTANT NOTE: Many non-cancerous conditions such as injury or inflammation of the testicle can cause symptoms that are very similar to those of testicular cancer. For example, inflammation of the testicles (orchitis) or inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis) may lead to swelling and pain in one or both testicles
Here are some tests and testicular exams.
Testicular ultrasound :. This test can be used to rule out other possible causes of an enlarged testicle, or painful before removing the testis
Blood: testicular cancer often produce high levels of certain hormones that can be measured by analysis of blood. Doctors call them tumor markers. There are 3 different tumor markers that can be done for testicular cancer: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-hCG) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
Imaging :. As Chest X-ray and CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis.
testicular cancer is probably the most curable form of cancer, especially if detected in its early stages. We recommend to carry out self-examination once a month. If you feel that there is something unusual, you should consult a doctor immediately.