Diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar levels are elevated for a extended period of time. The increased levels of blood sugar creates symptoms such as frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger. Less common symptoms include frequent colds, delayed wound healing and a feeling of being very tired and exhausted all the time.
If left untreated, diabetes can lead to complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, eye damage and foot ulcers. This disease affects people of all ages. It is a chronic disease that threatens life and has no known cure. You can only manage sugar levels in the blood around normal levels.
Prediabetes is a situation where levels blood sugar rise to abnormal levels but not high enough to diagnose. This can gradually lead to diabetes type 2.
Pre-diabetes may continue for many years before the onset of clinical diabetes suitable. It is better for diagnosing pre-diabetes at an early stage, especially in “at risk” individuals because there is no chance fighting to stop its progression to type 2 diabetes
Diabetes of any drop in insulin production in the body or failure of the body’s response to insulin. Based on this, diabetes are two main types:
Type 1: In this type, the pancreas body stop producing enough insulin, which aids in the absorption of glucose blood in the body. This is called dependent diabetes mellitus insulin. Representing 5% of all cases of diabetes. The cause of this type of diabetes is unknown, although genetics is said to play an important role.
Type 2: This type of diabetes results when the body’s cells to insulin resistance develop and do not respond to insulin. This is called non-insulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus. This is more common than type 1, which contributes to almost 90% of all cases of diabetes. The cause of this type is excess body weight and lack of sufficient exercise.
This is a type of diabetes that develops in pregnant women who have no history of diabetes before pregnancy. This generally resolve after the baby is born. It occurs in about 7% of pregnant women and increases the risk of type 2 diabetes in the future.
- Risk factors that lead to diabetes
- sedentary lifestyles and excess body weight
- habits unhealthy diet
- stress, depression, insomnia
- family history of diabetes
Managing levels of blood sugar
a healthy diet, normal body weight and regular exercise are highly recommended for diabetics. proper care of food and controlled blood pressure are also necessary.
insulin injection is needed to control type 1 and type 2 diabetes needs to be managed with medication; insulin may or may not be included. surgery weight loss for obese people is also effective in cases of type 2 diabetes
Diabetic patients should be extra careful to balance your diet with insulin and oral medications (if needed). A healthy diet helps maintain levels of blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure and prevent heart disease, some cancers and helps in improving overall health.
No food is known to be perfect, alone. The choice and combination of different varieties of food, portions desirable to provide as much quality nutrients help in maintaining a healthy diet for diabetics.
Processed foods should be replaced with foods rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber. Diets high in dietary fiber (soluble), which have a low glycemic index, fat (saturated) and low sugar content are highly recommended for diabetic patients. Studies have shown that vegetarians are less vulnerable to diabetes and research also it shows that switching to a vegetarian (vegetarian diet that excludes dairy products) is very effective in managing type 2 diabetes
glycemic index (GI):
the glycemic index is a number indicating the effect of a particular food in the level of glucose in the blood. The standard set to be 100, and represents an equivalent amount of pure glucose. In general, GI represents the increased levels of blood sugar after consumption of food. recommended foods with low glycemic index in diabetic patients.
Food of a diabetic should be planned taking into account the lifestyle, body and health of a particular individual in mind. However, the following are some general recommendations:
monitoring of carbohydrates plays a key role in managing glucose levels in the blood. It is recommended to complex carbohydrates for diabetic patients as they release glucose slowly into the blood sugar level and blood can be maintained and remain stable. Simple carbohydrates have the ability to break quickly into sugars and therefore are extremely dangerous for diabetics. Calories are recommended obtained from carbohydrates that are generally maintained in the range of 40 to 60%.
calorie intake of protein should be between 15-20%. Whey protein is very good to control type 2 diabetes
Unsaturated fats are good for diabetic patients. They are present in olive oil, avocados, etc. Saturated fats and trans fats should be avoided.
The fiber intake of diabetic patients should be the same as recommended for normal people. At least 25 grams of fiber must be obtained from the daily diet.
Not only diabetics but also normal individuals who are aware Heath can follow this maximum.
good food for diabetics
Recommended for diabetics foods are fruits, vegetables, legumes and nuts, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, poultry, lean meat and fish.
Fresh fruits like jamuns or black berries, kiwi, peaches, strawberries, cherries, papaya and guava have a very low GI
Non-starchy vegetables, such as cucumbers, broccoli, lettuce and cauliflower have negligible amounts of carbohydrates
low-fat dairy products: Studies have shown that consumption of low-fat yogurt you can help in the battle against diabetes. Baked, broiled, grilled or stewed meat products can be consumed.
Whole grains :.
Whole grains like white rice, flour products whole grain as bread and tortillas and cereals that contain whole grain ingredients are good for diabetics
There is a common myth that excessive intake of table sugar contributes to the development of diabetes, but actually produces glucose in the blood of a level lower than other carbohydrates that produce the equivalent calories. The Canadian Diabetes Association, in fact, a diabetes diet is recommended include table sugar.
5 foods you should never eat if you have diabetes
diet management is the most important measure to be used to control diabetes. Diabetic patients should avoid a wide variety of foods that are packed with high levels of starches or sugars.
The greatest enemy of diabetic food is processed as polished rice and should never eat. Diabetics should also not eat starchy vegetables like potatoes and corn. energy bars and drinks should also be avoided.
discussed here are the top 5 foods you should never eat if you are diabetic.
1. Junk food:
Globalization led to the rapid increase in the consumption of Western-style fast food and soft drinks around the world, especially in Asian countries. This in turn led to a rapid growth of obesity and type 2 diabetes, which affects both the rich and the poor. Therefore, junk foods top the table as one of 5 foods you should never eat if you are diabetic.
Pizza, cheeseburgers, hamburgers, hot dogs, french fries, fried chicken are fast foods that are the most coveted. fries and large pizzas with cheese have excess sodium, saturated fat and calories. Chicken that is actually a good source of protein is loaded with unwanted fat, carbohydrates and sodium when fried. cheeseburgers are rich in saturated fats. Soft drinks and flavored water have high sugar content and are rich in carbohydrates.
All these foods increase the risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, sugar levels in the blood without control and weight gain.
2. White rice:
Processed foods also form an important group of food should not be consumed by diabetics. They are polished white rice, whole grains processed foods such as white bread and foods made with refined flour such as pasta. All these foods raise glucose levels in the blood quickly.
White rice is known to have no nutritional value but it does raise blood glucose levels significantly. pasta lovers are known to have no control over the amount they consume and white pasta made from white flour increases levels of blood sugar.
3. drinks, fruit juices and sauces:
Fruit juices and smoothies are high in sugar and calories. rich and thick shakes milk are loaded with sugar and calories and hidden trans fats. Despite containing fruits, which are not acceptable because they have rich amounts of HFCS (high fructose corn syrup). This leads to peaks in the levels of blood glucose and obesity in young children. real fruits are good to eat because they are rich in fiber. Sauces and ketchup are sweeteners that have a disastrous effect on levels of blood sugar. Drinks such as coffee are high in carbohydrates, fats and have a rich calorific value.
4. pickles and canned foods:
pickles and canned vegetables are between 5 foods you should never eat if you have diabetes because of They are containing sodium loads. Sodium increases blood pressure which increases the risk of heart disease. This worsens the complications of diabetes.
5. Baked goods:
The baked goods are also added to the list of foods that diabetics should not eat because of their high-calorie, sugar and fat content. baked commercially available, such as cakes, muffins, cakes and donuts products fall into this category. Some baked goods like cakes foods also contain trans fats and carbohydrates.
Diabetes requires strict diet control and regular exercise. Diabetics have to keep this in mind and follow a proper diet and exercise regimen to live healthy and strong!