It’s hard not to smile when you’re playing with a new puppy. An adorable little bundle of fluff and floppy feet has a way of melting hearts, even the most stoic among us. When you bring a new puppy into your home and your family, then you puppy care becomes a major concern for them to grow happy and healthy.
Unfortunately, like humans, puppies can be eliminated with a number of ailments that can affect their health and growth, some of which may even be fatal. In order to help avoid pain and tragedy, here are five common health risks that you should consider in your new puppy
Communicable Diseases -. There are a number of communicable diseases, both in the human world and the world of dog. Some of these diseases are parvovirus, canine distemper and rabies. Not only can these diseases make your new puppy very ill, but if left untreated can even be fatal. Fortunately, most of these viruses can be avoided by buying your dog from a reputable breeder and make sure your puppy is getting all necessary vaccinations at the right time.
intestinal parasites – The worms can wreak havoc in the gastrointestinal tract of your puppy, which can cause lasting health problems as they grow into adulthood, or become fatal if untreated. The problem with worms and other parasites is that even in ideal breeding sites, your puppy may be infected. Fortunately, parasites are fairly easy to treat and often diagnosed by your veterinarian for a checkup.
Hernias – Hernias are actually quite common for puppies, and occur when part of the intestine protrudes, usually either the groin area or around umbilical cord. If a hernia can be pushed back, it is considered to be reducible. What you need to keep in mind with hernias it is intestinal strangulation, which is when the intestines become knotted or looped and need to be treated with emergency surgery. Otherwise, a hernia can be addressed when your puppy is spayed or neutered.
Skeletal abnormalities – Sometimes your puppy could not develop exactly as they should. These changes can occur in a variety of different ways includinghip dysplasia, hypertrophic osteodystrophy, Legg-Calve-Perthes, patellar luxation disease and osteochondritis dissecans. These are evident in puppies and often are diagnosed lameness and fever. Your vet may opt for surgery, bed rest, or a change in diet; all of which can help curb the problem before it becomes a permanent problem.
Demodicosis – Demodicosis, or scabies, is quite common in puppies and can result in bald patches on either the face or forelegs. Scabies occurs when the mite population (present in all dogs) out of control and begins to damage the hair follicles resulting in bald patches. While the singular incidents will normally disappear on their own, widespread incidents (multiple bald spots all over the body) often require a bath or drugs to get the problem under control.
Fortunately, these and other diseases that can affect your puppy, there are a wide variety of treatments available. Buying your new puppy from a reputable breeder and taking them to the vet to get checked out can go a long way toward preventing these problems before they start.