warning signs of diabetes
diabetes In 2013, more than 382 million people worldwide had, and 90% of them had diabetes type 2. This is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) in the blood. Production of insulin – a pancreatic hormone that usually refers to balance the levels of blood sugar – is reduced one or the cells do not respond properly. The following symptoms develop as a result of this:
1. Frequent urination (polyuria): If you notice that you have to urinate more often, and wakes up at night (sometimes several times) to empty bladder, this could be a warning sign. The kidneys begin to work harder to get rid of excess blood glucose.
2. Excessive thirst (polydipsia): This symptom is linked to the previous one. As you lose more fluids, the body will try to replace, hence the constant need to drink.
3. Increased hunger (polyphagia): Due to the extreme highs and lows in levels of blood sugar, the body develops a sudden urge to eat. The cells do not get enough glucose, so they crave.
4. Dry mouth: Experience a lack of moisture in the mouth, which can be both unpleasant and dangerous. Dry mouth can become a breeding ground for bacteria and cause various oral and dental problems. gum disease is a known complication of diabetes.
5. weight loss or weight gain without explanation: As the insulin can not get glucose into cells, the body reacts as if it is starving and begins to use muscle proteins. Weight loss without quick explanation (10 to 20 pounds more than a couple of months) is unhealthy and requires further investigation. On the other hand, increased consumption of sugary foods can lead to weight gain.
6. Fatigue: exhaustion can develop when the body constantly up for the lack of glucose into cells. It also does not help if your sleep is interrupted by the urge to urinate. People begin to experience lower energy levels and chronically not feeling well. It is not uncommon also feel irritable and cranky.
7. Vision problems: high blood sugar also affects the eyes. the shape of the lens is changed and eyes. As a result, your vision becomes blurry. You can see occasional flashes of light and vision becomes distorted. Initially, the eye changes are reversible. However, if sugar levels remain high over a long period of time, this can cause permanent damage and may even lead to loss of sight.
8. Headaches – A headache may develop due to elevated levels of blood sugar and is considered an early sign of hyperglycemia (high blood glucose). The symptom worsens as the condition worsens.
9. infections, cuts and bruises that do not heal: This classic sign of diabetes is a consequence of damage to the blood vessels. Excessive amounts of sugar damage the veins and arteries, so they become less able to carry blood to where it is needed to repair and heal damage.
10. Yeast infections: Since bacteria and fungi thrive in an environment with sugar, infections may be more common. The most common are fungal infections such as Candida, especially Candida vaginal infections in women.
11. Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet: This symptom is the result of nerve damage – Neuropathy – which is connected with diabetes. Tingling and numbness may be accompanied by burning pain and swelling. If sugar levels are not brought down, the nerve damage can become permanent and presents a serious complication of diabetes.
12. Skin changes: dark, velvety, skin known as achantosis nigricans, may appear in the neck, groin and armpits. You may also notice other unusual changes in the skin and itching especially around the vaginal area or groin.
13. Sexual dysfunction: diabetes also damages the blood vessels and nerves in the sexual organs, which can lead to different sexual problems. Women may experience vaginal dryness and men can have difficulty with erection. 35% to 75% of men with diabetes suffer from impotence.