B other skin cancer, cancer the third most frequently appear in people in the US It is colorectal cancer. You should see a doctor if any of the symptoms listed below shows. Perhaps `s nothing dangerous and is completely healthy, but must ensure that the symptoms are not bad and do a medical check. Aside from the symptoms and signs, the history of this disease is very important to mention also:
- History and Family evidence shows that colon cancer could be inherited. As the website says the NHS, about 20% of people suffering from bowel cancer have a close family member (father, mother, sister, brother) who has also suffered from the same disease.
- diet is proven that eating large amounts of red and processed meat increases the chances of developing colon cancer. Therefore, in order to reduce the risk of bowel cancer, you should convey a healthy diet that is high in fiber and low in saturated fat.
- smoking cigarettes highly increase the risk of developing colon cancer and other cancers and heart disease.
- Alcohol significant research called the EPIC study, appointed that alcohol influences the development of bowel cancer. What is more worrying is the fact that even small amounts of alcohol can lead to this type of cancer. Research also said that 2 glasses of alcohol a day increases the risk by 8%.
- obesity Obese people are at greater risk of getting cancer.
- Inactivity- in order to reduce the risk of developing bowel cancer should be more active and exercise regularly. gut
- digestive disorders cancer is more likely to be developed in people with ulcerative colitis and Crohn`s disease.
- genetic conditions- specific hereditary characteristics, such as non-polyposis hereditary colorectal cancer (HNPCC) – also known as Lynch syndrome, or know the adenomatous polyposis (FAP), and so on can cause bowel cancer.
- -radical and ethnic background Afro-Americans have a higher risk of developing colon cancer compared to other racial groups in the US .. While in Eastern Europe the `s Ashkenazi Jews who have high probability of developing the disease.
- Type 2 diabetes- colon cancer and type 2 diabetes are influenced by the same risk factors such as obesity.
- work night shift One study showed that people who work at least three nights a month for 15 years have a greater chance of developing bowel cancer. However, this information is not confirmed and much more research is needed.
- Pretreatment against cancer- men who survived prostate and testicular cancer have an increased risk of bowel cancer because of the side effects of their treatment for cancer .
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer
1. The blood red, purple or black in feces
the most common and the most indicative symptom of colon cancer is blood in the stool. You not have to be bright red – brown black, purple or color or sticky, tarry consistency in all kinds of concerns. The reason for the blood? Cancer is the abnormal tissue and bleeding easier than normal tissue.
When blood in the stool is cancer NO: Blood in the stool may be due to bleeding hemorrhoids, inflammation of the colon, a bleeding stomach ulcer or colitis. If you are older and / or have a family history of colon cancer, Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, rectal bleeding is a serious concern. You should consult your doctor as soon as possible. He / she will send a stool sample to a laboratory for analysis of fecal occult blood.
2. Going to the bathroom more or less often
If you notice a change in bowel habits – more flexible, narrow, fibrous, stools more frequent or “go” much less – consult your doctor. It could be that the cancer is blocking the movement of the intestines. What else could it be: unknown or food carrying bacteria can cause stomach upset and cause a change in stool frequency. In this case, the culprit could be food poisoning, not cancer. In addition, some diseases, such as giardia – an infection of the small intestine – can be hired when water is mixed with sewage
3. Rectal bleeding
rectal bleeding occurs in more than half of people with colon cancer. They often appear as a painful bowel movement, blood is usually bright red and can be found in the water of the toilet bowl or on toilet paper.
4. Abdominal Pain
A certain amount of abdominal discomfort or stomachache, is normal (irritable bowel syndrome, for example, can have symptoms similar to those colon cancer), but if you are experiencing severe, persistent abdominal pain, it would be wise to get checked by your doctor.
5. Unexplained weight loss
Colon cancer can cause weight loss, even if you are eating normally. It can also cause a complete loss of appetite. Although unexplained weight loss, certainly could not be colon cancer, which is something that should raise suspicion.
Constipation that persists more than a few days could be a symptom of colon cancer, as well as changes in step stool (feeling that it has not gone completely a stool or an urgent need to have a bowel movement when there is no stool that is passed).
The blood lost colon cancer can cause anemia, a deficiency of red blood cells. Symptoms of anemia feel tired much of the time, weakness and shortness of breath. Your skin may also appear pale.
Persistent diarrhea is a symptom of colon cancer. More than 1 in 5 people with colon cancer experience diarrhea.
9. Nausea and vomiting
If you are experiencing nausea and vomiting for no apparent reason, this may be an indication that you have colon cancer . You may experience these with or without other abdominal symptoms.
10. A general feeling that you are not well
This symptom is not specific for colorectal cancer, but is a general symptom of most forms of cancer and should be taken as a warning sign if experienced in conjunction with any of the symptoms described above. You should consult your doctor if you notice that you feel lethargic, depressed, weak and fragile.