When it comes to organic gardening, options for all natural fertilizers they can often be scarce on the shelves in average supply store. Those that do exist are more expensive and while they may say “organic” on the packaging, you really do not know what’s in them. Fortunately, making their own natural organic fertilizers can be easy and inexpensive to time, often using components that have already lying around the house.
To begin, let’s take a look at the basic elements that make up a good fertilizer and trace elements necessary for the more specialized plant food.
1. The fertilizer formula
Unless you are fairly new to gardening, you’ve probably seen the three numbers on the label of most fertilizers premixed. If you are not familiar with what they mean, the numbers represent nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium or N – P – K. overall health of the plant these vital nutrients for strong aerial growth, root development is needed, and, respectively . A good way to remember N – P – K is by using the phrase Knowing these three main components is essential to create the perfect food for your garden
“Up, down, all around.”
2. . trace nutrients
like humans need more protein, fat and carbohydrates in your diet; plants can not survive with N – P – K alone. There are thirteen additional chemical elements that contribute to the health and productivity of your garden.
Apart from the main nutrients that we have identified (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium), plants require three secondary minerals: calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and sulfur (S). During photosynthesis, plants use sunlight to break the water and carbon dioxide in hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and carbon (C); the three nutrients minerals not become food. Boron (B), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), chloride (Cl), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo) and zinc (Zn) are micronutrients necessary that a plant must obtain from the surrounding soil.
For more information on plant nutrients and their role in your garden, read more this article ncarg .
What if any of these minerals will be included in your subscription depend heavily on your soil type. Acid (low pH), such as those with high clay content soils tend to lack macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S), while alkaline soils (high pH) generally contain sufficient micronutrients ( B, Cu, Fe, Cl, Mn, Mo and Zn). The garden soil with a neutral pH between 6.0 and 6.5 generally contains adequate amounts of both sets of the nutrients needed to maintain healthy plants amounts. If you need help measure the quality of its soil, take a sample and have it tested .
3. Fertilizer tomato
Of all the plants in your garden, likes nothing more calcium than a tomato vine. Moreover, due to excessive leaf growth discourages flowering and fruiting, these plants do best when offered a good amount of nitrogen from the beginning. (Try using rabbit manure for a quick single N-boost!) Then, once the vines are set, change to a fertilizer high in phosphorus and potassium, but low in nitrogen. Tomatoes also benefit greatly from magnesium, producing the sweetest fruit when supplemented generously with this secondary mineral. Check out these recipes for growing more, bigger, and taste of tomatoes:
4. Rose fertilizers
There are a few gardening efforts as rewarding as the growth of the perfect rose. There are also few and difficult. Roses require constant attention – weeding, pruning, pest formation treatment, and of course food. For your rose just right fertilizer can have a huge impact on the appearance and quantity of flowers from their bushes deployed each year. If you need a little help to balance the diet of your roses’, give some of these fertilizers homemade recipes try:
5. Up-cycle fertilizers
There are several common household items that do much better than fertilizers waste bin-fillers. The next time you throw one of these items in the trash, consider giving it to you garden instead:
Mix uses ground coffee waste “brown” garden like dead leaves or dry straw and grass clippings to add nitrogen to the soil. Provided that they are well mixed with a neutral medium not significantly alter the pH . This fertilizer is ideal for plants such as azaleas, roses, hydrangeas and who like a more acidic soil.
Further reading: 14 reasons why you will never throw old Coffee Beans out again
Egg shells are approximately 96% calcium. When it used as a fertilizer, which help strengthen the cell structure and transport of nutrients in plants. (Read more about uses eggshells in the garden .)
( Collect shells used and coffee grounds in a glass jar with a lid or in a bag resealable plastic so they do not attract insects while they are waiting to be carried out. )
If freshwater fish as pets is maintained, can not discard the water next time clean the tank. The used water from the fish tanks is filled with nitrogen and trace nutrients that can improve the health of your garden. Remember, this only applies to deposits of fresh water. Salt water harm most plants!
6. Epsom salts
hydrous magnesium sulfate, also known as Epsom salts (available separately this page in Amazon ) contains two important elements that plants need to maintain optimal health. Magnesium plays a vital role in photosynthesis and is required by plants for the proper functioning of many enzymatic processes. The seeds also need magnesium to germinate. AIDS sulfur plants with various functions, including the production of amino acids, root growth and the formation of chlorophyll. This mineral also gives cole crops and Alliums signature flavors.
Fertilize your onions, broccoli, cabbage and Epsom salts to get healthier, vegetables sweeter wine. Using Epsom salts in tomatoes, peppers and roses to grow stronger plants with more flowers. As a general purpose fertilizer, Epsom salts are an inexpensive way to give all your garden a healthy boost of nutrients. A solution of Epsom salt is also a great way to replenish magnesium and sulfur levels in soil for potted exhausted.
Mix one tablespoon of Epsom salts with a gallon of water and apply to garden plants as a spray leaf once every two weeks. When feeding roses, use a tablespoon of salt per foot of plant height mixing in a gallon of water. Spray once in the spring when the leaves begin to appear and again after your roses bloom. For vegetables, sprinkle a tablespoon of Epsom salts around each plant as soon as they are transplanted into the garden. Repeat this power after the first flowering and fruiting. For potted plants, dissolve two tablespoons of salt in a gallon of water and use this solution instead of the normal watering once a month.
Further reading: 10 ways to use Epsom salts in the garden
7. Vinegar fertilizer
Normal white vinegar is a cheap and effective fertilizer plant lovers of like roses, hydrangeas and berries. Simply mix a tablespoon of vinegar in a gallon of water. Use this solution instead Regular watering once every three months. Remember to test your soil before altering the pH. While many plants grow in an acid environment, too low a pH can be detrimental.
An excellent practice for recycling waste materials feeding your garden and at the same time, composting is becoming increasingly popular among organic gardeners. The ingredients of a mixture of compost successfully include:
Air and water to sustain the bacteria responsible for the decomposition of organic matter,
Dry the “brown” (carbon), such as dead leaves, straw and other yard waste and drying yard. Material
Wet “green” matter (nitrogen) such as rabbit or chicken manure, grass clippings, and other cool stuff from the plant. Try to avoid adding weed seeds to the mix. Your compost may not get hot enough to kill them. ( Compost to kill weed seeds )
for composting successful, you want a carbon to nitrogen ratio somewhere around 30: 1 and 40 :. 1 – read more about the balance of compost in this guide for organic gardening
Remember, it is important to give your credit enough to “cook” time – especially if uses manure – as this will kill harmful pathogens that may be living in the decaying material. It is also important that you do not let your age compost for too long decaying organic matter begin to lose nutrients the longer it sits.
9. Compost tea
Once you have finished compost is available, you can add directly to garden or make tea for your plants. Fill a five-gallon bucket about a third of the way with finished compost. Add water until the bucket is almost full – about an inch or two of the lips. Let the mixture stand, stirring frequently (like the stew cooked in a clay pot.) After three or four days, strain the compost out using a porous fabric such as gauze. Return the solid material to the compost pile or feed to your garden. The liquid should be diluted with about one part “tea” and ten parts of fresh water. Apply the solution, either directly in the soil or as a foliar spray.
As a side note: work with compost business is dirty (and smelly!). Remember to wear gloves and goggles. You may also want to wear a breathing mask.
10. Herb Tea
Grass clippings also make an excellent fertilizer rich in nitrogen themselves. To make the herb “tea” for your garden, fill a five gallon bucket about two thirds of the way with fresh cuts. Spiking with water to within one or two inches from the edge. Let the mixture stand for about 72 hours, stirring at least once per day. Strain to remove grass clippings then diluted with the finished product some “tea” freshwater part. Apply this solution as a foliar spray or directly to the ground.
One final note: Make sure that all the ingredients used in their home fertilizers contain herbicides or other chemicals that may harm your garden. Remember, plants love food that is free of harmful chemicals, much as people do!
The 10 Tips and recipes for best homemade organic fertilizer in the world first appeared in Natural living ideas .