The Ebola virus was first reported from the African country, Sudan. This virus infection has become one of the most feared diseases in the world in recent times. The destructive potential of this virus is high, with almost 80% of victims reported dead. The virus has the potential to infect millions of people around the world if appropriate detection measures are not taken by countries around the globe.
know about Ebola
diseases caused by Ebola virus formerly known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever and are caused by a virus belonging to the family Filoviridae. It is a disease known to spread from animals to humans. RNA virus infects wild animals such as gorillas, monkeys, chimps and fruit bats and can also spread to humans. According to the World Health Organization, the disease is transmitted through direct contact with body, such as blood, secretions and organs of an infected person or animal fluids. migrant populations are most prone to infection and can transmit the Ebola virus.
The first symptoms
The first symptoms may appear one week after the virus infects your body. Symptoms include headache, fever, rash, nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, body aches, cough, etc. It is difficult to identify the disease in the early stages as the first symptoms are similar to symptoms of other diseases. The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of evidence of antibodies against the viral DNA and Ebola.
A few days later the patient expresses the first symptoms, the symptoms appear later. Later symptoms include :. impaired liver and kidney function, redness of the eye due to an internal and external bleeding, vomiting blood and bloody diarrhea, etc. The patient may experience a cardiovascular collapse and finally death
Who is at risk?
People at high risk of Ebola infection are family members of infected people and health care workers who have close contact with infected people and suffering of the deceased who have direct contact with the body. People who are handling the meat of infected animals are also at risk of exposure to the virus.
The countries affected by the virus
The present outbreak of Ebola virus outbreak is the largest reported and is mainly confined to West Africa. African countries such as Guinea, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Libya has reported more than 1,600 cases of Ebola until August 2014. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend avoiding all “non-essential” these West African countries travel.
More information about the Ebola virus: the cause of the Ebola virus, symptoms, diagnosis , treatment and prevention
the following are some of the most important facts you should know about the deadly Ebola virus.
1. Ebola has greater lethality rate
According to data from the World Health Organization, humans affected by the Ebola virus had to succumb to this deadly virus. There are a total of 1,711 cases have been reported in the current outbreak of Ebola, of which 932 people have died because of this virus. All these deaths have been confirmed in Africa. There are chances that foreigners who have visited Africa in recent months, could also be a carrier of this deadly virus.
There are reports that even health workers who treat patients suffering from Ebola to be infected by the virus through contact with the skin. Dr. Sheik Omar Khan’s head Ebola virus treatment in Sierra Leone and Dr. Samuel Brisbane, the treatment head Ebola in Liberia have recently died treating patients suffering from Ebola disease. Therefore, Ebola is a fatal and deadly virus.
2. However, there is no vaccine to prevent Ebola
Vaccines to prevent Ebola infection have not yet been tested in humans. The main reason behind this is that there would be no person who is willing to get injected with the Ebola vaccine to see if he or she does not catch the infection. Vaccines have been developed so far have proved very effective in preventing Ebola infections in animals. Research on monkeys have not been done in a progressive manner, due to greater restrictions on the injection of the vaccine in monkeys, due to the decline in ape populations and the chances of getting extinct apes soon.
3. There is no cure for ebola
Currently, there is no cure for Ebola. The best treatment that can be given to a person affected by the ebola intensive care is supported by health workers. This can be provided to patients in hospitals and under strict strict infection control procedures. health worker to be completed covered from head to toe when it comes to Ebola patients or which can easily get affected by the Ebola virus simply by skin contact is advised.
4. Drugs for Ebola are still developing
No US Food and Drug Administration has approved treatments for the disease rather than Ebola. It is not a drug known as zmapp which was developed in 2014 that currently is used to treat a pair of American health workers who were infected by the Ebola virus during their stay in Liberia. The drug is an antibody-based drug produced from plants. There is no experimental theory to test its effectiveness in Ebola, and whether the drug is safe for humans or not.
5. Visitors and tourists to infected countries have a low risk
If you have to visit countries affected by Ebola virus as Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Guinea, then the risk that you will also be affected by the Ebola virus is extremely low. The risk of catching the deadly Ebola infection is extremely low, even if you happen to visit the local areas where the first cases of Ebola were reported. However, it is best to be cautious and try to avoid visiting these cities and do so if it is really necessary.
6. Case fatality rate is very high
If you happen to catch a virus Ebola, then you can multiply with such violence that there are about 100 million virus particles in a drop of blood. It is not similar to the other deadly HIV virus remains dormant in the body of a person without causing symptoms or disease. The virus has a tendency to pack and block cells infected with viral particles within a short time. The virus also has a tendency to kill the host and to find a new even in the latent stage. The mortality rate of Ebola disease is 60%. A person infected with Ebola disease can die within a week.
7. Ebola Attacks All parts of the body
Ebola virus only needs a host cell to multiply into millions of copies and does not require a particular type of cell to multiply. the work of multiplication in any cell in the body is coming. The virus is found to infect almost all parts of the body except for the bones and skeletal muscles. The areas most important destination of Ebola virus are the connective tissues of the human body that is responsible for the maintenance of internal organs in place.
8. Upsets the immune system
The VP35 viral proteins present in the outer surface of Ebola virus causes severe disorders in the immune system of infected humans. Viral proteins cause interference in the function of the important components of the immune system and also limit the movement of blood cells time. The virus also make use of molecules that is released by the immune system to destroy the vascular system and to increase the formation of blood clots.
9. weaken the vascular system
The new virions formed in the host cell moves outside the cell affect other neighboring cells. The host cell will spread instantly neighboring cell and immediately lose their contact with the membrane on which it rested. Host cells become destabilized by the new viral particles and this would lead to massive blood loss resulting in the fatal death.
10. Avoid infection
The following are the ways that you and the people associated with treating Ebola patients can stay away from Ebola infection.
- The health workers should follow the guidance of infection control recommended by WHO strictly when traveling to affected areas and Ebola Ebola patients to be treated.
- is important for travelers to be cautious and extra careful when visiting countries that have been infected with Ebola.
- You should not come into contact with patients who have been affected by Ebola disease.
- If you’ve been in areas where there have been reports Ebola, then you should be fine with the symptoms associated with this disease. If you experience any of these symptoms, then you should not hesitate to seek immediate medical attention.
- is recommended that you seek immediate medical attention if it comes into close contact with a person of West Africa with symptoms of cough, fever and vomiting.